Trinidad and Tobago ( ( listen), ), officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean. It is situated 130 kilometres (81 miles) south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.
The island of Trinidad was a Spanish colony from the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498 until Spanish governor Don José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797. During the same period, the island of Tobago changed hands among Spanish, British, French, Dutch and Courlander colonizers more times than any other island in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago were ceded to Britain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens as separate states and unified in 1889. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.
On Friday July 27, 1990, 114 members of the Jamaat al Muslimeen, led by Yasin Abu Bakr and Bilaal Abdullah attempted to stage a coup d'état against the government of Trinidad and Tobago. Forty-two insurgents stormed the Red House (the seat of Parliament) and took the Prime Minister, A.N.R. Robinson and most of his Cabinet hostage, including Horace James, while seventy-two of their compatriots attacked the offices of Trinidad and Tobago Television (TTT), then the only television station in the country at that time and the Trinidad Broadcasting Company, then one of only two radio stations in the country. At 6.00 p.m.
Blooming Yellow Poui trees dot in the Northern Range of Trinidad.
In the news
Selected society biography
George McDonald was born in San Fernando, Trinidad on 16 August 1939. In public, people known George McDonald under the name of Trevor McDonald. Trevor McDonald is the first black news reader in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In 1969 McDonald was employed by BBC Radio as a producer, based in London, when he came to Britain, but still broadcasting to the Caribbean. In 1973 he began his long association with ITV, first as a general reporter, later as a sports correspondent, but ultimately concentrating on international politics. In the 1980s he spent some time with Channel 4 News, but returned to ITN in 1989, presenting the early-evening news. Mr. McDonald was promoted as a sole presenter of the News at Ten in 1992 , he became one of the best known faces on British television screens. McDonald stayed with ITN when News at Ten was axed in 1999, moving to present the new ITV Evening News. News at Ten was briefly relaunched in 2001 and Mr. McDonald returned to presenting. He presented the ITV News at 10.30 following News at Ten's second axing. From 1999-2009, McDonald hosted ITV's flagship current affairs programme Tonight with Trevor McDonald. In June 2007, McDonald began hosting the new ITV television series News Knight with Sir Trevor McDonald. He was awarded with a BAFTA fellowship at the British Academy Television Awards 2011. In 1993, he was awarded an OBE in the Queen's honours list. He received a knighthood in 1999 for his services to journalism.
Did you know?
- ...Pope John Paul went to Trinidad and Tobago in 1985.
- ...V.S.Naipaul, is one of the most famous Caribbean authors of the twenteenth century and was born on August 17, 1932, in Chaguanas, Trinidad.
- ...Trinidad Tobago is known as the home of the cricket legend Brian Charles Lara.
The Cuisine of Trinidad and Tobago
is indicative of the blends of Indian
gastronomic influences. Many dishes are popular choices for the morning meal in Trinidad and Tobago. These dishes include: salt fish buljol, tomato choka, black pudding, fresh coconut bread, fried Accra, Tannia cakes, and boiled casava.