Portal:Tunisia

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Tunisia Portal
Tunisia Portal - بوّابة تونس - Portail de la Tunisie

Introduction

Flag of Tunisia.svg

Tunisia (officially the Republic of Tunisia) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 square miles). Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast.

Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.

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Ibn Khaldoun-Kassus.jpg
Ibn Khaldūn or Ibn Khaldoun (full name, Arabic: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون‎) (May 27, 1332 AD/732 AH – March 19, 1406 AD/808 AH), was a famous Tunisian scholar. He is considered the forerunner of several social scientific disciplines: demography, historiography, the philosophy of history, sociology and modern economics. He is sometimes considered to be the "father" of these disciplines, or even the founder of social sciences in general for anticipating many elements of these disciplines centuries before they were founded in the West. He is best known for his Muqaddimah (known as Prolegomenon in the West), the first volume of his book on universal history, Kitab al-Ibar. In addition to social sciences, he was an astronomer, Islamic theologian, hafiz, jurist, lawyer, mathematician, military strategist, nutritionist, philosopher and statesman. (more...)

Did you know?

Youssef Dey Mosque Minaret
  • ...that 6.4% of the Tunisian GDP is invested in education.
  • ...that Tunisia is ranked 11 globally in terms of quality of the education system.
  • ...that 164 columns in the Zaytuna Mosque were originally taken from the site of Carthage.
  • ...that Youssef Dey mosque was the first mosque to be built in Tunis under the Hanafi school. Its minaret (pictured) was also the first to have an octagonal shape in the capital.
  • ...that the Tunisian boxer Young Perez, killed on January 22nd 1945 in Gliwice, was the world champion in flyweight between 1931 and 1932.
  • ...that in 1930, Tahar Haddad published his book Our Women in the Sharia and Society in which he explained his reform program for the Tunisian society emphasizing on women liberation and rights. At the same time, he argued that Islam basically views that men and women are equal in rights and duties.
  • ...that the 1996' movie The English Patient was filmed in south-west Tunisia. The movie won later nine-academy awards, including Best Picture.

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