Portal:Tunisia/Selected biography

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Selected biographies

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These are selected articles about people related to Tunisia which appear on Portal:Tunisia.

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Ibn Khaldūn or Ibn Khaldoun (full name, Arabic: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون‎) (May 27, 1332 AD/732 AH – March 19, 1406 AD/808 AH), was a famous Tunisian scholar. He is considered the forerunner of several social scientific disciplines: demography, historiography, the philosophy of history, sociology and modern economics. He is sometimes considered to be the "father" of these disciplines, or even the founder of social sciences in general for anticipating many elements of these disciplines centuries before they were founded in the West. He is best known for his Muqaddimah (known as Prolegomenon in the West), the first volume of his book on universal history, Kitab al-Ibar. In addition to social sciences, he was an astronomer, Islamic theologian, hafiz, jurist, lawyer, mathematician, military strategist, nutritionist, philosopher and statesman. (more...)

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Habib Bourguiba (Arabic: حبيب بورقيبة Ḥabīb Būrqība) (August 3, 1903–April 6, 2000) was the first president of Tunisia and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Tunisia. He served as president from July 25, 1957 to November 7, 1987. Bourguiba is considered the most influential personality in the modern history of Tunisia. His policies and reforms shaped and are still shaping the dynamics of Tunisian society. During his presidency, he underlined the importance of education and saw in it the key to modernity. Bourguiba also made an innovative difference within the Arab and Islamic world concerning women rights. He pushed toward prohibiting polygamy and legalized divorce. He also raised the age at which girls could marry to 17 years of age. All of these proposals were adopted in the revolutionary Code of Personal Status of August 1956. The new code gave women historical rights and protection in a way changed and transformed Tunisian society in whole. When it comes to diplomacy, he was known for his controversial views on world policies, especially middle-east conflicts and mainly the Palestinian cause. (more...)

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Hannibal, son of Hamilcar Barca (247–183 or 182 BC) was a Carthaginian military commander and tactician who is popularly credited as one of the most talented commanders in history. His father Hamilcar Barca was the leading Carthaginian commander during the First Punic War, his younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal, and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair. Hannibal lived during a period of tension in the Mediterranean, when Rome (then the Roman Republic) established its supremacy over other great powers such as Carthage, and the Hellenistic kingdoms of Macedon, Syracuse, and the Seleucid empire. One of his most famous achievements was at the outbreak of the Second Punic War, when he marched an army, which included war elephants, from Iberia over the Pyrenees and the Alps into northern Italy. (more...)