Portal:Uganda

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Introduction

Flag of Uganda.svg

Uganda (/jˈɡændə, -ˈɡɑːn-/ yoo-GA(H)N-də), officially the Republic of Uganda (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country (except for bordering a lake) in East-Central Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda is in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda also lies within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally a modified equatorial climate.

Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.

Selected article

Distribution of language families and languages in Uganda.

Languages of Uganda
Uganda is ethnologically diverse, with at least forty languages in usage. Luganda is the most common language. English is the official language, even though only a relatively small proportion of the population speaks it. Access to economic and political power is almost impossible without having mastered that English. Luganda, a language widespread in central Uganda, is the official vernacular language in education for central Uganda. The East African lingua franca Swahili is relatively widespread as a trade language and became an official national language in September 2005.

A main division between the languages of Uganda can be made according to their linguistic affiliation. About half of Uganda's languages, all spoken in the southern part, are members of the Bantu language family whereas the other half, in northern Uganda, are Nilo-Saharan languages.

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Rwenzori plants
Vegetation on the flanks of the Ruwenzori Range

The Ruwenzori Range is a small but spectacular mountain range along the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. While the base of the range is in tropical rainforest the summits are permanently snow-capped.

Selected Biography

Janani Luwum.

Janan Luwum was the Archbishop of the Church of Uganda. He was a leading voice in criticising the brutal regime Idi Amin in the 1970s. Luwum was murdered on 17 February 1977 – either by Idi Amin himself, or by his lackeys.

Luwum is recognised as a martyr by the Church of England, and his statue is among the "20th Century Martyrs" on the front of Westminster Abbey in London.

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In the news

2015

27th November: Pope Francis Visits Uganda during his tour of Africa [1]].

2012

5 March: The controversial documentary Kony 2012 discusses Ugandan fugitive Kony.

2009

10 December: A Ugandan MP accused of calling for a "gay death penalty" says he has been misrepresented and is only trying to criminalise child abusers. BBC


2008

1 February: Makerere University adds four local language sets to its curriculum. All Africa

31 January: Two people are rescued from the rubble of a collapsed school building in Uganda more than 24 hours after being trapped. All Africa

30 January: At least nine people die as a school collapses outside Kampala. BBC

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