The United States of America
is a federal republic
of 50 states
, a capital district
, and a number of other territories. It is located mostly in central North America
. The U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada
and one with Mexico
, and is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean
, the Bering Sea
, the Arctic Ocean
and the Atlantic Ocean
. Of the 50 states, only Alaska
are not contiguous with any other state. The U.S. also has a collection of districts, territories, and possessions
around the world. Each state has a high level of local autonomy according to the system of federalism. The U.S. traces its national origin to the declaration
by 13 British
colonies in 1776
that they were free and independent states. They were recognized as such by the Treaty of Paris
in 1783. Since then, the nation has grown to become a global superpower
and exerts a high level of economic, political, military, and cultural influence.
, once known as Boulder Dam
, is a concrete arch-gravity dam
in the Black Canyon
of the Colorado River
, on the border between the US states
. It was constructed between 1931 and 1936 during the Great Depression
, and was dedicated on September 30, 1935, by President Franklin Roosevelt
. Its construction was the result of a massive effort involving thousands of workers, and cost over one hundred lives.
Hoover Dam impounds Lake Mead, and is located near Boulder City, Nevada, a municipality originally constructed for workers on the construction project, about 25 mi (40 km) southeast of Las Vegas, Nevada. The dam's generators provide power for public and private utilities in Nevada, Arizona, and California. Hoover Dam is a major tourist attraction; nearly a million people tour the dam each year. Heavily travelled U.S. 93 ran along the dam's crest until October 2010, when the Hoover Dam Bypass opened.
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Selected society biography
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton
; born October 26, 1947) is an American politician, diplomat, lawyer
, writer, and public speaker
who served as the 67th United States secretary of state
from 2009 to 2013, as a United States senator
from New York
from 2001 to 2009, and as First Lady of the United States
from 1993 to 2001. Clinton became the first woman to be nominated for president of the United States
by a major political party when she won the Democratic Party
nomination in 2016
. She was the first woman to win the popular vote in an American presidential election, which she lost to Donald Trump
Raised in the Chicago suburb of Park Ridge, Clinton graduated from Wellesley College in 1969, and earned a Juris Doctor from Yale Law School in 1973. After serving as a congressional legal counsel, she moved to Arkansas and married future president Bill Clinton in 1975; the two had met at Yale. In 1977, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families. She was appointed the first female chair of the Legal Services Corporation in 1978, and became the first female partner at Little Rock's Rose Law Firm the following year. The National Law Journal twice listed her as one of the hundred most influential lawyers in America. Clinton was the first lady of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and again from 1983 to 1992. As First Lady of the United States, Clinton advocated for healthcare reform. In 1994, her major initiative—the Clinton health care plan—failed to gain approval from Congress. In 1997 and 1999, Clinton played a leading role in advocating the creation of the State Children's Health Insurance Program, the Adoption and Safe Families Act, and the Foster Care Independence Act. Clinton advocated for gender equality at the 1995 UN conference on women. Her marital relationship came under public scrutiny during the Lewinsky scandal, which led her to issue a statement that reaffirmed her commitment to the marriage.
Anniversaries for October 23
The cuisine of the antebellum United States characterizes American eating and cooking habits from about 1776 to 1861. During this period different regions of the United States adapted to their surroundings and cultural backgrounds to create specific regional cuisines, modernization of technology led to changes in food consumption, and evolution of taverns into hotels led to the beginnings of an American temperance movement. By the beginning of the Civil War, the United States cuisine and food culture could define itself separately from that of the rest of the world. Read more...
A photograph of American poet, essayist and journalist Walt Whitman, taken in 1887. Whitman, often called the father of free verse, is considered one of the most important poets in American canon.
New York City
is the most populous city
in the United States
, and is rated as an alpha world city
for its global influences in media
. The city is also a major center for foreign affairs, hosting the headquarters of the United Nations
The comprises five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island. With over 8.2 million residents within an area of 322 square miles (830 km²), it's the most densely populated major city in the United States.
Many of the city's neighborhoods and landmarks are known around the world. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they arrived at Ellis Island in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Wall Street is home to the New York Stock Exchange. The city has had several of the tallest buildings in the world, including the Empire State Building and the World Trade Center.
New York is the birthplace of many cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art, abstract expressionism in painting, and hip hop, salsa and Tin Pan Alley in music. In 2005, nearly 170 languages were spoken in the city and 36% of its population was born outside the United States. With its 24-hour subway and constant bustling of traffic and people, New York is known as "The City That Never Sleeps."
Selected culture biography
Laura Jeanne Reese Witherspoon
(born March 22, 1976) better known as Reese Witherspoon
, is an American actress and film producer. Witherspoon landed her first feature role as the female lead in the film The Man in the Moon
in 1991; later that year she made her television acting debut, in the cable movie Wildflower
. In 1996, Witherspoon appeared in Freeway
and followed that appearance with roles in three major 1998 films: Overnight Delivery
, and Twilight
. The following year, Witherspoon appeared in the critically acclaimed Election
, which earned her a Golden Globe
Witherspoon married actor and Cruel Intentions co-star Ryan Phillippe in 1999; they have two children, Ava and Deacon. The couple separated at the end of 2006 and divorced in October 2007. Witherspoon owns a production company, Type A Films, and she is actively involved in children's and women's advocacy organizations. She serves on the board of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF), and was named Global Ambassador of Avon Products in 2007, serving as honorary chair of the charitable Avon Foundation.
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