These are the selected anniversaries for July that appear on the United States portal.
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- See also
Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 1
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 4
Today is Independence Day in the United States.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 5
- 1935 – The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- 1937 – Spam (pictured), the canned luncheon meat, is introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
- 1954 – Elvis Presley has his first commercial recording session. He sang That's All Right (Mama) and Blue Moon of Kentucky.
- 1971 – The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
- 1989 – Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service for his role in the Iran–Contra affair.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 10
- 1778 – Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, diverting British attention, troops, and supplies from the American Revolutionary War.
- 1890 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
- 1913 – Death Valley, California (pictured) hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), the highest temperature ever recorded in the United States.
- 1962 – Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
- 1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people came to hear Dr. King as well as musicians Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter, Paul and Mary.
- 1992 – In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 11
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 12
- 1817 – American author, poet, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, and leading transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau (pictured) was born.
- 1812 – The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario as part of the War of 1812.
- 1862 – The Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government, is authorized by the Congress.
- 1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap] and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
- 1967 – The Newark riots, which were sparked when two white policemen beat an African-American cabdriver until he needed to be hospitalized, began in Newark, New Jersey. The riots would leave 26 dead, 725 injured, and cause ten million dollars in damages.
- 1979 – Disco Demolition Night, a promotional event which involved the demolition of a crate of disco music records, is held at Comiskey Park, in Chicago, Illinois.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 13
- 1787 – The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance, establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also established procedures for the admission of new states and limited the expansion of slavery.
- 1863 – In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting, regarded as the worst riot in United States history.
- 1923 – The Hollywood Sign (modern version pictured) is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally read "Hollywoodland", but the four last letters were dropped after renovation in 1949.
- 1973 – Alexander Butterfield, deputy assistant to President Richard Nixon, reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
- 1985 – The Live Aid benefit concert, which featured three dozen world famous musical artists and bands, takes place in Philadelphia's John F. Kennedy Stadium, as well as in London, with companion concerts around the world.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 14
- 1798 – The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the [nited States government.
- 1881 – Notorious Wild West outlaw Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner, then in the New Mexico Territory.
- 1900 – Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance, of which the United States was a member, capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion in China.
- 1960 – Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream National Park in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
- 1965 – The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
- 1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills ($5000 bill pictured) are officially withdrawn from circulation.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 15
- 1838 – Ralph Waldo Emerson delivers the Divinity School Address at Harvard Divinity School, discounting Biblical miracles and declaring Jesus a great man, but not God. The Protestant community reacts with outrage.
- 1806 – United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Bellefontaine near St. Louis, Missouri, to explore west. Pike's account of the expedition, including his capture and release by Spanish forces in Mexico, became so popular that it was translated and sold in Europe.
- 1870 – Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
- 1916 – In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing (pictured) and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products, which would later be renamed Boeing.
- 1959 – The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
- 2003 – AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 17
- 1867 – Harvard School of Dental Medicine, the first dental school in United States, is established in Boston.
- 1944 – Near the San Francisco Bay, two ships laden with ammunition for combat in World War II explode in Port Chicago, California, killing 320.
- 1945 – President Harry Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the three main Allied leaders of World War II, begin their final summit of the war, the Potsdam Conference. The meeting would end on August 2.
- 1975 – An American Apollo and a Soviet Soyuz dock with each other in orbit as part of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, marking the first link-up between spacecraft from the two nations.
- 1989 – The first flight of the B-2 Spirit stealth bomber (pictured) takes place.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 18
- 1863 – One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, unsuccessfully assaults Confederate-held Battery Wagner in the Second Battle of Fort Wagner (pictured). Despite suffering heavy losses, the 54th was widely acclaimed for its valor during the battle, and the event helped encourage the further enlistment and mobilization of African-American troops.
- 1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, indicating for the first time the Army's intent to make aircraft a permanent part of the military.
- 1921 – John Glenn, the first American astronaut to orbit the Earth, was born.
- 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, the creator of Gonzo journalism, was born.
- 1969 – After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives off a wooden bridge into a tide-swept pond, leading to the death of his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 19
- 1848 – The two day Women's Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York. "Bloomers" (pictured), which come to be heavily associated with the feminism movement, are introduced at the convention.
- 1863 – At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
- 1942 – In a major Allied victory in the Battle of the Atlantic, German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their positions off the Atlantic coast of the United States in response to the effective American convoy system.
- 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
- 1983 – Michael W. Vannier, Jeffrey L. Marsh, and James O. Warren publish the first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head using Computed tomography (CT).
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 21
- 1873 – At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James–Younger Gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American Old West.
- 1899 – Ernest Hemingway, author of such classics of American literature as A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and The Old Man and the Sea, is born.
- 1925 – In Dayton, Tennessee, the Scopes Trial concludes. High school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and is fined $100.
- 1938 – Janet Reno, the first female United States Attorney General, is born.
- 1969 – Having landed on the moon late the previous day, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon, as part of the Apollo 11 mission.
- 1997 – The fully restored USS Constitution (pictured), also known as Old Ironsides, celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 23
- 1903 – Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
- 1926 – Fox Film buys the patents for the Movietone sound system, a sound-on-film system for motion pictures which guarantees that the visual and audio components of a film are synchronized.
- 1940 – Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles issues a declaration on the U.S. non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
- 1962 – The communications satellite Telstar (pictured) relays the first live trans-Atlantic television signal.
- 1967 – The 12th Street Riot breaks out in Detroit, Michigan. It would result in 43 deaths, 342 injurues, and 1,400 destroyed buildings.
- 1972 – The satellite Landsat 1, designed to collect environmental, geological, and agricultural information on Earth, is launched.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 24
- 1897 – Amelia Earhart (pictured), known both for accomplishments as an aviation pioneer and for her disappearance over the central Pacific Ocean, was born.
- 1943 – Operation Gomorrah, a massive bombing campaign targeting the city of Hamburg, begins. American airplanes bomb the city by day, and British and Canadian airplanes bomb the city by night. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
- 1950 – Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the military base adjacent to the civilian run Kennedy Space Center, launches its first rocket, a Bumper V-2.
- 1959 – At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev hold the "Kitchen Debate".
- 1974 – The Supreme Court unanimously rules that President Richard Nixon does not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes, and that Nixon must surrender the tapes to the special prosecutor investigating the Watergate scandal.
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- 1789 – After being approved by Congress six days earlier, President George Washington signs into law a bill creating the first federal executive department, the Department of Foreign Affairs. It is later renamed the Department of State.
- 1928 – The animated short "A Wild Hare" is released, introducing the cartoon character Bugs Bunny.
- 1938 Gary Gygax, co-creator of Dungeons & Dragons and the father of role-playing games, is born.
- 1953 – The United States, The People's Republic of China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement, ending combat in the Korean War. Syngman Rhee, the president of South Korea, refuses to sign the armistice but pledges to observe it. Because a peace treaty was never signed, the war has yet to technically end.
- 1974 – The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee votes 27 to 11 to recommend impeachment proceedings begin against President Richard Nixon for obstruction of justice.
- 1995 – In Washington, DC, the Korean War Veterans Memorial (pictured) is dedicated.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/July/July 30
- 1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the America, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
- 1863 – Henry Ford (pictured), industrialist, founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production, is born.
- 1932 – Flowers and Trees, the first Academy Award winning cartoon and first cartoon short to use Technicolor, premieres.
- 1956 – A Joint resolution of Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing "In God We Trust" as the national motto.
- 1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
- 1975 – Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again.
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United States August anniversaries
These are the selected anniversaries for August that appear on the United States portal.
- The "edit" links edit the portal subpages that are displayed as sections here.
- The layout design for these subpages is at Portal:United States/Anniversaries/Layout.
- See also
Portal:United States/Anniversaries/August/August 1
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- 1861 – In order to help pay for the war effort during the American Civil War, the United States government issues the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861. The tax took 3% of the incomes of those that earned over $800 a year.
- 1884 – The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.
- 1914 – In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
- 1930 – Neil Armstrong (pictured), best known for being the first person to set foot on the Moon, is born.
- 1957 – American Bandstand, a musical variety show aimed at teenagers, makes its national debut on ABC television network. The show would run for over 30 years.
- 1963 – The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign a treaty banning the testing of nuclear weapons underwater, in the atmosphere, and in space.
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- 1782 – General George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit (pictured) to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed the Purple Heart, after its appearance.
- 1927 – The Peace Bridge, a bridge between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York, opens.
- 1944 – IBM officially presents the electro-mechanical computer Harvard Mark I, (originally named the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator), to Harvard University. While not the first computer, the Mark I was comparatively fast and reliable among early computers, and has been called "the beginning of the era of the modern computer".
- 1964 – Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
- 1978 – President Jimmy Carter declares that the situation at Love Canal, a residential community built on what had at one time been a toxic waste dump, is a federal emergency. The declaration would allow for federal emergency funds to be used in the cleanup of the site, marking the first time that federal emergency funds were used other than for the handling of natural disasters.
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- 1842 – Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, resolving a dispute regarding the location of the border between Maine and New Brunswick, and reaffirmed a previously agreed upon border between the United States and Canada west of the Rocky Mountains.
- 1892 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for the full duplex two-way telegraph.
- 1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters which feature for the first time the character Smokey Bear (pictured).
- 1945 – The American B-29 Superfortress Bockscar drops the atomic bomb "Fat Man" on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing between 60,000 and 80,000 people.
- 1969 – Members of a cult led by Charles Manson brutally murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate, coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, hairstylist Jay Sebring, and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles, California.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/August/August 11
- 1807 – David Rice Atchison (pictured), who some claim served as Acting President of the United States for one day, 4 March 1849, is born. Atchison was President pro tempore of the Senate, which at the time was third in the line of Presidential succession behind the President and the Vice President.
- 1898 – American troops under General Theodore Schwan enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico without a battle, as part of the Spanish–American War.
- 1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to 500 home runs over the course of his career, with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
- 1965 – The racially charged Watts riots break out in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles. They would last 6 days, claim 34 lives, and cause over a thousand injuries.
- 1999 – The Salt Lake City tornado hits Downtown Salt Lake City, killing one. It is only the second tornado in recorded history to cause a fatality in the State of Utah.
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Portal:United States/Anniversaries/August/August 12
- 1833 – The town of Chicago is founded, with a population of about 200.
- 1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart, an influential author who is credited for the "Had I but known" style of mystery novels, and whose novel The Door inspired the phrase "The butler did it", is born. Rinehart's novel The Bat, which featured a costumed supervillain, was credited by Bob Kane as one of the inspirations for the character "Batman".
- 1898 – A "Protocol of Peace" is signed, ending combat in the Spanish–American War. A formal peace treaty would not be signed, however, until 1899.
- 1908 – The first production model of the Ford Model T (pictured) is built at the Ford Piquette Avenue Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
- 1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released.
- 1990 – Sue, the most complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex, is discovered near Faith, South Dakota.
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- 1843 – The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace (pictured) in Honolulu, Hawaii is completed. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.
- 1912 – Julia Child, credited for introducing French cuisine to the American public with her cookbook, Mastering the Art of French Cooking, and her television programs, including The French Chef, is born.
- 1965 – The Beatles play to nearly 60,000 fans at Shea Stadium in New York City, marking the birth of stadium rock.
- 1969 – The Woodstock Music and Art Festival opens. 500,000 people attended the three day long outdoor concert, which is widely regarded as one of the most pivotal moments in popular music history.
- 1977 – The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by The Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the "Wow! signal" for notation made by a volunteer on the project.
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United States September anniversaries