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The United States Marine Corps Portal
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States. In the civilian leadership structure of the United States military, the Marine Corps is a component of the United States Department of the Navy, often working closely with U.S. naval forces for training, transportation, and logistic purposes; however, in the military leadership structure the Marine Corps is a separate branch.
Captain Samuel Nicholas formed two battalions of Continental Marines on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as naval infantry. Since then, the mission of the Marine Corps has evolved with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. The Marine Corps has served in every American armed conflict and attained prominence in the 20th century when its theories and practices of amphibious warfare proved prescient and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific campaign of World War II. By the mid-20th century, the Marine Corps had become the dominant theorist and practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises gives it a strong role in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy.
The United States Marine Corps includes just over 203,000 active duty Marines (as of October 2009) and just under 40,000 reserve Marines. It is the smallest of the United States' armed forces in the Department of Defense (the United States Coast Guard is smaller, about one-fifth the size of the Marine Corps, but is normally under the Department of Homeland Security). The Marine Corps is nonetheless larger than the armed forces of many significant military powers; for example, it is larger than the active duty Israel Defense Forces, or the entire British Army.
United States Marine Corps lists
This month in USMC history
- On October 1, 1997, Gilda A Jackson, a Special Projects Officer in the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing at MCAS Cherry Point became the first African-American female in the Marine Corps to be promoted to the rank of colonel.
- On October 16, 1820, Commandant Anthony Gale was found guilty of conduct unbecoming an officer at a court-martial, fired from his post, and removed from the Corps.
- On October 18, 1859, Marines, under the command of Robert E. Lee, quelled John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry.
- On October 21, 1944, V Amphibious Corps supported the Army at the Battle of Leyte.
- On October 23, 1983, 241 Marines, sailors, and soldiers from 1st Battalion 8th Marines were killed in a bombing of their barracks at Beirut International Airport.
- On October 25, 1983, the 22nd Marine Amphibious Unit invaded Grenada during Operation Urgent Fury.
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