Portal:United States Marine Corps/Selected Article

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Articles previously featured in the USMC Portal:

2009[edit]

Article Date Image Caption
1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment
1 -31 January 2009
Image:Marineshumping2001.jpg The 1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment is an infantry battalion based in Camp Pendleton, California. Activated on 1 March 1941, the unit has seen combat in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Enduring Freedom, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. As part of the 1st Marine Division and the 1st Marine Regiment, the battalion has the unique nickname of "First of the First".
Battle of Iwo Jima
1 - 28 February 2009
Image:Iwo Jima amtracs.jpg The Battle of Iwo Jima, part of the Volcano and Ryukyu Islands campaign of World War II, was fought February 19 to March 26, 1945, and was some of the fircest fighting of the Pacific War. The Empire of Japan defended the island ferociously, as it was the first of the Home Islands to be invaded--of the 22,000 defenders, over 20,000 were killed, and caused 23% casualties to the 110,000 invaders. After some bloody fighting to take Mount Suribatchi, Joe Rosenthal captured Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima on film, an image that has become an icon for both World War II and the Marine Corps.
Uniforms of the United States Marine Corps
1 - 31 March 2009
File:USMC uniforms.jpg Marines have worn a number of different uniforms since its founding. At the present, Marines wear the Utility Uniform in combat, recognizable for its MARPAT digital camouflage pattern. The green and khaki Service Uniform is roughly the equivalent of a civilian business suit, and can be worn without the service coat for a less formal appearance. The Dress Uniform is most recognizable as the "Dress Blues", but can also be found in the Blue-White Dress (worn by the Silent Drill Platoon), Red Dress (worn by musicians such as the Marine Band and Drum and Bugle Corps), and the Evening Dress, the most formal dress.
Battle of Khe Sanh
1 - 30 April 2009
File:The Fight for Khe Sanh.jpg The Battle of Khe Sanh was fought between 21 January and 8 April 1968 during the Vietnam War. Marine forces of III Marine Amphibious Force stationed at Khe Sanh Combat Base were isolated by elements of the People's Army of Vietnam during the Tet Offensive, following months of skirmishes and reciprical buildups in the area. The Air Force launched Operation Niagara to support the Marines, while Operation Pegasus relieved the Marines isolated over land, who had been under constant artillery, mortar, and rocket attacks. By 8 July, the withdrawal of American forces from Vietnam and policy of Vietnamization led to the withdrawal of all Americans from the base. Military tacticians and historians today speculate whether the Tet Offensive was a diversion for Khe Sanh, or vice versa.
M777 howitzer
1 - 31 May 2009
File:M777 howitzer rear.jpg The M777 howitzer is a lightweight, towed artillery piece developed by the Vickers group, and produced by BAE Systems for the Military of the United States and Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery. As a replacement for the M198 howitzer, it weighs 4,100 kg (9,000 lb), making it 42% lighter and thus transportable by the V-22 Osprey. The howitzer and its digital fire control system are compatible with the XM982 Excalibur GPS guided munitions, allowing it to be accurate to within 10 m (33 ft) when fired from up to 24 km (15 mi) away (CEP of 5 m (16 ft)).
Marine defense battalions
1 - 30 June 2009
File:USMC-C-Defense-14.jpg Marine defense battalions were units charged with coastal defense of various American holdings in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II. They used large coastal anti-ship guns, anti-aircraft guns, searchlights, radar, and small arms to repel invaders. Unlike traditional mobile Marine forces, the defense battalions were static, usually not leaving a specific island until the threat of invasion was considered so low as to no longer need dedicated defenders. Created in 1939 when the outbreak of World War II caused concern of an Imperial Japanese Navy attack, they were quickly disbanded after the Japanese surrender in 1945.
Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company
1 - 31 July 2009
File:ANGLICO Team in Iraq.jpg Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Companies are specialized units that coordinate artillery, naval gunfire support and close air support for the Marine Corps, other American force, and allies militaries. ANGLICOs provide artillery observers, forward air controllers, and joint terminal attack controllers to ground combat element units, and allow a Marine Expeditionary Force to organically control indirect fire and aviation assets. ANGLICO teams can also be provided to non-Marine units for the coordination of indirect fires and air support.
United States Marine Corps Aviation
1 - 31 August 2009
File:AACunningham 1stMarineAviator.jpg While other nations have marines who are aviators, only the United States Marine Corps has its own dedicated aviation arm. The organic aviation capability of the Marine Corps is essential to its mission, providing combined arms to a Marine Air-Ground Task Force as the aviation combat element. The Corps operates both rotary-wing and fixed-wing aircraft to provide transport and close air support to its ground forces, but also supports assault support, anti-aircraft warfare, offensive air support, electronic warfare, control of aircraft and missiles, and aerial reconnaissance. Marine aviation officially began on May 22, 1912 with First Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham, and has provided aviation support to every conflict the Marines have participated in since.
Battle of Drewry's Bluff
1 - 30 September 2009
File:John Mackie Cpl.jpg The Battle of Drewry's Bluff, also known as the Battle of Fort Darling or Fort Drewry, took place 15 May 1862, in Chesterfield County, Virginia, as part of the Peninsula Campaign of the American Civil War. Several Union ironclads steamed up the James River to probe the defenses of Richmond, Virginia, and were turned back before reaching the Confederate capitol. During the battle, Corporal John F. Mackie became the first Marine to earn the Medal of Honor.
Reginald R. Myers
1 - 31 October 2009
File:MyersRR USMC MOHflag.jpg Colonel Reginald Rodney Myers won the Medal of Honor as a Major while leading his troops at the Battle of Chosin Reservoir on November 29, 1950. Taking command of a mixed Marine and Army unit, he successfully defended a small base at Hagaru-ri, helping to prevent X Corps from being enveloped. His counterattack on 4,000 enemy troops caused well over a thousand casualties in the bitter cold.
United States Marine Corps Recruit Training
1 - 30 November 2009
File:Yellow Footprints.jpg United States Marine Corps Recruit Training, also known as "boot camp", is the initial training for all enlisted Marines. Potential Marines report to one of two Recruit Depots (Parris Island or San Diego) for 13 weeks of intensive training. The Drill Instructors will prepare their recruits for training by breaking them down psychologically and rebuilding them in a manner able to withstand combat. Then, recruits receive classes in Marine Corps history, close order drill, customs & courtesies, first aid, military law, marksmanship, use of the gas mask, and many basic infantry skills; as well as intensive physical conditioning that includes the Physical Fitness Test, water survival, martial arts, and forced marches. The training culminates with the Crucible, a 54-hour final test. Now Marines, they receive the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor and graduate.
Amphibious warfare
1 - 31 December 2009
File:3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines - RIMPAC 2004.jpg Amphibious warfare is the projection of military power from sea to shore. The U.S. Marine Corps utilizes the mobility, logistics, and gunfire support of the U.S. Navy to deliver a Marine Air-Ground Task Force on any given shore. Since the Continental Marines made their first landing at the Battle of Nassau, the Marines have led in developing amphibious doctrine, strategy, tactics, and equipment; a development paid off in the Banana Wars, the Pacific Theater of World War II, the landings at Incheon, and various other skirmishes. Today, Marines use the Navy's amphibious warfare ships to stage Marine Expeditionary Units around the globe, ready to respond on short notice.

2008[edit]

Article Date Image Caption
Marine Corps Martial Arts Program
10 January 2008
- 1 March 2008
Image:MCMAP-070922-M-3378S-072.jpg The Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) is the U.S. Marine Corps combat training program, established in 2001, which is required of all Marines and U.S. Navy personnel attached to Marine units. The training has three components: physical (based on martial arts), mental, and character building.
Flag of the United States Marine Corps
1 March 2008 -
30 March 2008
Image:Marine corps flag.svg The current Flag of the United States Marine Corps (also known as a standard or battle color) was adopted 18 January 1939. The flag includes 54 streamers, and the staff is embellished with silver bands engraved with the names of battles the Corps has participated in. Each unit also has their own organizational standard.
Carlson's patrol
30 March 2008-
1 May 2008
Image:Guad2MarineRaiderPatrol.jpg Carlson's patrol, also known as The Long Patrol or Carlson's long patrol, was an operation during World War II by the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion under the command of Evans Carlson during the Guadalcanal Campaign against the Imperial Japanese Army from November 6 to December 4, 1942. In the operation, the 2nd Raiders attacked forces under the command of Toshinari Shōji, which were escaping from an attempted encirclement in the Koli Point area on Guadalcanal and attempting to rejoin other Japanese army units on the opposite side of the U.S. Lunga perimeter.
Smedley Butler
1 May 2008 - 30 June 2008
Image:SmedleyButler.jpeg Legendary Marine, Major General Smedley Butler was, at the time of his death, the most decorated U.S. Marine in U.S. history. During his 34 years of Marine Corps service, his awards included the Marine Corps Brevet Medal and two awards of the Medal of Honor. In addition to his military career, Smedley Butler was noted for his outspoken anti-interventionist views, and his book War is a Racket — which was one of the first works describing the workings of the military-industrial complex.
James T. Conway
30 June 2008 - 1 August 2008
Image:James T Conway in Iraq.jpg General James Terry Conway is the 34th and current Commandant of the Marine Corps. He has also served as the Director of Operations (J-3) on the Joint Chiefs of Staff and as the Commanding General of the I Marine Expeditionary Force from 2002 through 2004 taking part in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and Operation Vigilant Resolve in Fallujah, Iraq.
Battle of Wake Island
1 August 2008 - 2 September 2008
Image:Wreckage Wildcat Wake Island.jpg The Battle of Wake Island began simultaneously with the Attack on Pearl Harbor on December 8, 1941 and ended on December 23, with the surrender of the American forces, including the Marine garrison, to the Japanese. The island was held until September 4, 1945, when the remaining Japanese garrison surrendered to a detachment of Marines.
Angel Mendez
2 September 2008 - 4 October 2008
Image:AngelMendez2.jpg Angel Mendez, (1946-1967) was a United States Marine who, during the Vietnam War, saved the life of his platoon commander, Lieutenant Ronald D. Castille — who is currently the Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. Mendez, a native of Puerto Rico, was on a Search and Destroy mission with his company when they came under fire. Castille, his platoon commander, was wounded and unable to move. Mendez shielded him with his body, dressed the wound, and carried him toward friendly lines. Mendez was mortally wounded. He was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross.
Hispanics in the United States Marine Corps
4 October 2008 - 4 November 2008
Image:DSC 6096.jpg and Image:Salinas BGen Angela Oath.jpg Hispanics have served in the United States Marine Corps during the Boxer Rebellion, World War I, the Banana Wars, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War and most recently in the military campaigns of Afghanistan and Iraq. Hispanics have reached the highest ranks in the Marine Corps, both men and women, such as Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps John Estrada and Brigadier General Angela Salinas. Thirteen Hispanics — from Private France Silva during the Boxer Rebellion to Major Jay Vargas during the Vietnam War — have been awarded the nation's highest military award, the Medal of Honor.
Battle of Belleau Wood
4 November 2008 - 30 November
Image:Scott Belleau Wood.jpg The Battle of Belleau Wood occurred 1 June — 26 June 1918, during the Spring Offensive of World War I. A Marine brigade, under the command of the Army's 2nd Division, gained great notoriety for their ferocious attacks on the German troops, especially the vicious assault on Hill 142 and clearing the trenches in the woods that spawned the nickname Devil Dog. During the battle, Gunnery Sergeant Ernest A. Janson won the Medal of Honor, while several famous quotes were uttered: "Retreat? Hell, we just got here!" attributed to an officer from 2nd Battalion 5th Marines, "Come on, you sons of bitches, do you want to live forever?" attributed to First Sergeant Dan Daly, and "The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!" by General John J. Pershing. The French renamed the forest "Bois de la Brigade de Marine" ("Wood of the Marine Brigade") in honor of the battle, and awarded the brigade the Croix de guerre, which gave the 5th and 6th Marine Regiments privilege to wear the fourragère. The United States Navy has also named two vessels "USS Belleau Wood" in honor of the battle: CVL-24 and LHA-3.
Dogs in warfare
1 December - 31 December
Image:Marine K9 Lex with Purple Heart.jpg Dogs have been used in warfare since ancient times. Americans began using military dogs in the Seminole Wars and Civil War. Marines have used working dogs extensively in WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and the Middle East. Marine used dogs as scouts, messengers, and sentries in the past; while modern working dogs are used mostly in law enforcement, explosives/drug detection, tracking/sentry, or Search and rescue.

2007[edit]

Article Date Image Caption
Jason Dunham
31 Dec 2006 -
2 February
Image:JasonDunham.jpg Corporal Jason Dunham is the first Marine to receive the Medal of Honor for action that took place during Operation Iraqi Freedom. He was serving with 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines in the vicinity of Husaybah, Iraq when his patrol was involved in an altercation where an insurgent threw a hand grenade in their direction. Corporal Dunham attempted to shield the others from the blast using his helmet and his body, however he was severely wounded in the attempt. He lived through the initial trauma but died a few days later on April 22, 2004 at National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.
VMFA-314
2 February -
present
Image:Rvn 0968 5.jpg Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 314 (VMFA-314) is a fighter squadron that is based at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, California. Known as the "Black Knights", they are part of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW) and were the first tactical squadron in the Marine Corps to fly the F/A-18 Hornet.
3rd Battalion 3rd Marines
1 March -
1 April
Image:Engaging the Enemy.jpg 3rd Battalion 3rd Marines (3/3) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps which falls under the 3rd Marine Regiment of the 3rd Marine Division. Known as "America's Battalion", it consists of approximately 800 Marines and Sailors and is based out of Marine Corps Base Hawaii.
List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons
1 April -
1 May
Image:A-4 Skyhawk.jpg
Image:CH-53 Super Stallion.jpg
While other nations have Marines who are aviators only the United States Marine Corps has its own dedicated aviation arm. Marine aviation officially began on May 22, 1912 when First Lieutenant Alfred A. Cunningham reported to Naval Aviation Camp in Annapolis, Maryland, "for duty in connection with aviation. That tradition continues through to today when Marine Air consists of 4 air wings, 20 aircraft groups and 79 flying squadrons. They are also tasked organized to support the Marine Air-Ground Task Force by providing six functions: assault support, anti-air warfare, offensive air support, electronic warfare, control of aircraft and missiles, and aerial reconnaissance.
Battle of Okinawa
1 May -
1 June
Image:US Flag raised over Shuri castle on Okinawa.jpg The Battle of Okinawa, which lasted from April to June 1945, was the largest amphibious assault during the Pacific campaigns of World War II. The battle on the Japanese island of Okinawa ended up being the last major battle of the war.

The battle has been called to as the "Typhoon of Steel", referring to the ferocity of the fighting, the intensity of gunfire involved, and sheer numbers of Allied ships and armoured vehicles that assaulted the island. The III Amphibious Corps, consisting of the 1st and 6th Marine Divisions, fought gallantly as part of the ground campaign. Marine BGen. Pedro del Valle, commanding the 1st Marine Division, was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his leadership in this Battle.

Alexander Vandegrift
1 June -
1 July
Image:1stLt Vandegrift c13975.jpg General Alexander Archer Vandegrift was the first Marine to hold the rank of four-star general while on active duty. Vandegrift was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions while leading the 1st Marine Division's victory at the Battle of Guadalcanal during World War II. He later served as the 18th Commandant of the Marine Corps.
Melvin E. Newlin
1 July-
2 September
Image:Newlin_ME.jpg and Image:Moh right.gif Private First Class Melvin E. Newlin, Medal of Honor recipient, was killed in action on July 4, 1967 in Vietnam. His story is part of the Marine Corps Values: A User's Guide for Discussion Leaders, USMC Publication.
Eagle, Globe, and Anchor
2 September -
1 October
Image:Officer GlobeAnchor.jpg The Eagle, Globe, and Anchor (EGA) is the official emblem of the United States Marine Corps. The current emblem, consisting of a globe (showing the Western Hemisphere) intersected by a fouled anchor and surmounted by a spread eagle, was adopted in 1955. It traces its roots to the designs and ornaments of early Continental Marines as well as British Royal Marines.
1983 Beirut barracks bombing
1 October -
3 November
Image:MarineBarracksBeirut 23October1983.jpg On 23 October 1983, during the Lebanese Civil War, two truck bombs struck buildings in Beirut which housed U.S. and French servicemen. The blast destroyed the U.S. Marine Corps barracks, killing 220 Marines, 18 Navy personnel and 3 Army soldiers.
Veterans Day
3 November -
4 December
Image:VeteransDay2006 anc0607.jpg Veterans Day is an American holiday honoring military veterans. Both a federal holiday and a state holiday in all states, it is celebrated 11 November, the same day as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in other parts of the world, which commemorates anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I. In 2007, the Marine Corps League is the host organization for the Arlington National Cemetery ceremony.[1].
HMM-261
4 December -
10 January 2008
Image:Phrog 1.JPG Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 261 (HMM-261) — the "Raging Bulls" — is a United States Marine Corps helicopter squadron consisting of CH-46E Sea Knights. It is the aviation combat element of the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit. Following the impact of Cyclone Sidr on 15 November 2007, helicopters from the squadron, operating from the USS Kearsarge off the coast of Bangladesh in the Bay of Bengal, provided humanitarian assistance to those affected by the cyclone.

2006[edit]

Article Date Image Caption
2nd Battalion 5th Marines
9 March -
16 March
Image:2-5marines_in_iraq.jpg 2nd Battalion 5th Marines (2/5) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California consisting of approximately 1000 Marines and Sailors. They fall under the 1st Marine Regiment and the 1st Marine Division.
HMM-161
16 March -
20 March
Image:Lopez_scaling_seawall.jpg Baldomero Lopez was a First Lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps during the Korean War. He was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for smothering a hand grenade with his own body during the Inchon Landing, on September 15, 1950.

The photo taken of him scaling the seawall at Inchon minutes before his death is still seen today as a classic example of leadership from the front.

Joe Foss
21 March -
30 March
Image:Foss JJ USMC.jpg Joseph Jacob "Joe" Foss (April 17, 1915 – January 1, 2003) was an "ace" fighter pilot in the United States Marine Corps, a 1943 recipient of the Medal of Honor, and the 20th Governor of South Dakota. After his stint in politics he also served as the first commissioner of the American Football League and president of the National Rifle Association.
3rd Battalion 1st Marines
30 March -
10 April
Image:3-1.gif 3rd Battalion 1st Marines (3/1) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Camp Pendleton, California consisting of approximately 1000 Marines and Sailors. They fall under the 1st Marine Regiment and the 1st Marine Division.
Marine One
10 April -
20 April
Image:Marine_One_Whitehouse.jpg Marine One is the designation for any Marine Corps aircraft flying the President of the United States. It usually denotes one of 19 helicopters operated by the HMX-1 "Nighthawks" squadron. The first use of the presidential helicopter was in 1957 by Dwight D. Eisenhower.
USMC War Memorial
20 April -
26 May
Image:USMC War Memorial Night.jpg The United States Marine Corps War Memorial, located near Arlington National Cemetery, is dedicated to all personnel of the United States Marine Corps who have died in defense of their country. The bronze statue, depicting the raising of the American flag atop Mount Suribachi on the island of Iwo Jima on February 23, 1945, bears two inscriptions at its base:
  • "In honor and in memory of the men of the United States Marine Corps who have given their lives to their country since November 10, 1775."
  • "Uncommon Valor was a Common Virtue." — a tribute by Admiral Chester Nimitz to the fighting men on Iwo Jima.
United States Marine Band
26 May -
- 03 July
File:PresidentsOwnheader.jpg
Image:Presidentsown.gif
The United States Marine Band, also known as "The President's Own", provides music for the President of the United States and the Commandant of the Marine Corps. The Band, established in 1798 by an Act of Congress, is American's oldest professional musical organization.

The Marine Band has played for every presidential inauguration since the inauguration of Thomas Jefferson in 1801.
LISTEN:

MCRD San Diego & MCRD Parris Island
03 July -
03 August
Image:MCRD Lights Out.jpg Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island and Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego are the two training depots in the Marine Corps where all enlisted recruits go for boot camp. The Marine Corps trains over 30,000 recruits at these depots each year and it is here that recruits are infused with the core values of honor, courage and commitment.
Battle of Tarawa
03 August -
31 August
Image:Tarawa.jpg The Battle of Tarawa began on November 20, 1943 to gain control of the airstrip on Betio. Only the second offensive undertaken in the Pacific Theater, it cost the 2nd Marine Division over 1000 Killed in action and 2100 wounded in action in just over 72 hours of fighting.
2nd Battalion 9th Marines
31 August -
9 October
Image:Hell in a Helmet3.jpg 2nd Battalion 9th Marines was an infantry battalion that was activated on November 20, 1917. It saw action during World War II, the Vietnam War, the Mayagüez Incident, Operation Desert Storm and finally Operation Restore Hope. The battalion was deactivated on September 2, 1994 as part of the post Cold War draw down of forces.
15th Marine Expeditionary Unit
9 October -
7 November 2006
Image:15thMEUlogo.PNG The 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (15th MEU) is one of seven Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs) currently in existence in the United States Marine Corps. The MEU is a Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) with a strength of about 2,200 personnel. The MEU consists of a command element, a reinforced infantry battalion, a composite helicopter squadron and a MEU service support group. The 15th MEU is currently based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.
History of the United States Marine Corps
7 November -
1 December
Image:Revolutionary-war-tun tavern.jpg The History of the United States Marine Corps dates back to the formation of the Continental Marines at Tun Tavern (shown above) in 1775 for the purpose of conducting ship-to-ship fighting, providing shipboard security and assisting in landing forces. Its mission has evolved with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. Owing to the availability of Marine forces at sea, the Marine Corps has served in every conflict in U.S. history.
Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu-Tanambogo
1 December -
31 December
Image:TulagiBattle1942.gif The Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu-Tanambogo was a land battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, between Imperial Japanese Navy forces and Marine Corps) ground forces. It took place August 7 – August 9, 1942 on the Solomon Islands, during the initial Allied landings in the Guadalcanal campaign. Under the command of Major General Alexander Vandegrift, Marines successfully landed and captured the islands of Tulagi, Gavutu, and Tanambogo despite fierce resistance by the Japanese Navy troops who fought and died almost to the last man.
Jason Dunham
31 December -
into 2007
Image:JasonDunham.jpg Corporal Jason Dunham is the first Marine to receive the Medal of Honor for action that took place during Operation Iraqi Freedom. He was serving with 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines in the vicinity of Husaybah, Iraq when his patrol was involved in an altercation where an insurgent threw a hand grenade in their direction. Corporal Dunham attempted to shield the others from the blast using his helmet and his body, however he was severely wounded in the attempt. He lived through the initial trauma but died a few days later on April 22, 2004 at National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.