Portal:United States Marine Corps/article/2011May
Photo credit: Cpl Branden P. O'Brien, 20 November, 2000.
The 11th Marine Regiment is an artillery regiment based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, and serves as organic fire support for the 1st Marine Division and I Marine Expeditionary Force. The unit was originally activated on 3 January, 1918, and immediately sent to France to fight in World War I. The ad-hoc infantry unit never saw combat and was disbanded on 11 August, 1919. On 9 May, 1927, it was reactivated to occupy Haiti and Nicaragua, disbanded that July, Reactivated in January as rebel activity surged, and disbanded again on 31 August, 1929. As World War II approached, the 11th Marines (Artillery) was activated at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base on 1 March, 1941. Sent to New Zealand and Samoa the next year, it fought in the Guadalcanal Campaign, New Britain campaign, Operation Cartwheel, Battle of Peleliu, and the Battle of Okinawa. After the war, the regiment spent two years in Tianjin for peacekeeping, then returned to the United States as a single battalion. During the Korean War, elements of the regiment were part of the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade at Battle of Pusan Perimeter, and fought at the Inchon landings and Chosin Reservoir, remaining at the East Central and Western Fronts until war's end. In 1962, the regiment was part of a task force during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and entered the Vietnam War on 8 March, 1965. The regiment laft in late 1970, having fought in many battles, such as Operation Hastings and Battle of Huế. In 1990, the regiment was part of the 7th Marine Expeditionary Brigade rushed to Saudi Arabia, and later fought in the Gulf War. Elements of the unit were involved in Operation Sea Angel and the Unified Task Force, then returned to the Middle East in 2001 for the War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War in 2003.