The VICTORIA PORTAL
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,
New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.
The area that is now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, and the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia. The Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state.
is the second largest city
in the state
and is the largest regional centre in the state
. It is a port city
with an urban population of 160,991 people, and one of the largest provincial cities in Australia. The city is located on Corio Bay
, 75 kilometres south-west of the state's capital, Melbourne
, and is covered by the City of Greater Geelong
Geelong was named in 1837 by Governor Richard Burke, with the name derived from the local Wautharong aboriginal name for the region, Jillong, thought to mean 'land' or 'cliffs'. The city is notable as the home to car manufacturer Ford Australia, and the Geelong Football Club, nicknamed The Cats. Geelong is also the gateway to tourist attractions including the Great Ocean Road and the Shipwreck Coast.
Average January maximum temperatures:
Victoria's north is almost always hotter than coastal and mountainous areas.
The Melbourne skyline at night, from Port Phillip
Average July maximum temperatures:
Victoria's hills and ranges are coolest during winter. Snow also falls there.
Autumn in the Dandenong Ranges
The Victorian Parliament House, built in 1856, stands in Spring Street, Melbourne. The building was intended to be finished with a dome, but was not completed due to budget constraints.
The estimated resident population since 1981
Victoria's stand at the Paris Exhibition Universal of 1867, showing bales of wool
Average yearly precipitation:
Victoria's rainfall is concentrated in the mountainous north-east and coast.
Melbourne, the state capital, is home to more than three in four Victorians.
The University of Melbourne, ranked as one of the best universities in Australia and in the Southern Hemisphere, is Victoria's oldest university.
Island Archway on the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia.
The State Library of Victoria forecourt
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