The VICTORIA PORTAL
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state (after New South Wales) overall, making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,
New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.
The area that is now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, and the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia. The Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state.
The Shrine of Remembrance
, located in Kings Domain
on St Kilda Road
, was built as a memorial to the men and women of Victoria
who served in World War I
and is now a memorial to all Australians who have served in war. It is a site of annual observances of ANZAC Day
(25 April) and Remembrance Day
(11 November) and is one of the largest war memorials
Designed by architects Phillip Hudson and James Wardrop who were both World War I veterans, the Shrine is in a classical style, being based on the Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus and the Parthenon in Athens. Built from Tynong granite, the Shrine originally consisted only of the central sanctuary surrounded by the ambulatory. The sanctuary contains the marble Stone of Remembrance, upon which is engraved the words "Greater love hath no man". Once a year, on 11 November at 11 a.m. (Remembrance Day), a ray of sunlight shines through an aperture in the roof to light up the word "Love" in the inscription. Beneath the sanctuary lies the crypt, which contains a bronze statue of a soldier father and son, and panels listing every unit of the First Australian Imperial Force.
In 2002-2003 a Visitor Centre was built within the foundations of the Shrine. The visitor centre designed by Ashton Raggatt McDougall incorporates an education centre, an audio-visual centre, gallery space, a retail shop and an administration office, as well the Hall of Columns, Gallery of Medals, entry courtyard and Remembrance Garden. The walls of both the entry courtyard and Remembrance Garden have been built to complement the Ray of Light ceremony that takes place on 11 November of every year.
The Melbourne skyline at night, from Port Phillip
Melbourne, the state capital, is home to more than three in four Victorians.
Autumn in the Dandenong Ranges
Victoria's stand at the Paris Exhibition Universal of 1867, showing bales of wool
Island Archway on the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia.
The State Library of Victoria forecourt
The University of Melbourne, ranked as one of the best universities in Australia and in the Southern Hemisphere, is Victoria's oldest university.
Average July maximum temperatures:
Victoria's hills and ranges are coolest during winter. Snow also falls there.
The Victorian Parliament House, built in 1856, stands in Spring Street, Melbourne. The building was intended to be finished with a dome, but was not completed due to budget constraints.
The estimated resident population since 1981
Average January maximum temperatures:
Victoria's north is almost always hotter than coastal and mountainous areas.
Average yearly precipitation:
Victoria's rainfall is concentrated in the mountainous north-east and coast.
Things you can do
In the news
Did you know...