Welcome to the Vietnam portal / Chào mừng bạn đến với Cổng thông tin Việt Nam
or Viet Nam
: Việt Nam
, [vîət nāːm] (listen)
), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
, is a country in Southeast Asia
, at the eastern edge of mainland Southeast Asia
, with an area of 311,699 square kilometres (120,348 sq mi) and population of 96 million, making it the world's fifteenth-most populous country
. Vietnam borders China
to the north, and Laos
to the west. It shares maritime borders
through the Gulf of Thailand
, and the Philippines
, and Malaysia
through the South China Sea
. Its capital is Hanoi
and largest city Ho Chi Minh City
(commonly known as Saigon)
Vietnam was inhabited by the Paleolithic age, with states established in the first millennium BC on the Red River Delta in modern-day northern Vietnam. The Han dynasty annexed Northern and Central Vietnam under Chinese rule from 111 BC, until the first dynasty emerged in 939. Successive monarchical dynasties absorbed Chinese influences through Confucianism and Buddhism, and expanded southward to the Mekong Delta, conquering Champa. The Nguyễn—the last imperial dynasty—surrendered to France in 1883. Following the August Revolution, the nationalist Viet Minh under the leadership of communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh proclaimed independence from France in 1945.
Vietnam went through prolonged warfare in the 20th century. After World War II, France returned to reclaim colonial power in the First Indochina War, from which Vietnam emerged victorious in 1954. As a result of treaties signed two years later, Vietnam was also separated into two parts. The Vietnam War began shortly after, it was the war between communist North supported by the Soviet Union and China, and anti-communist South supported by the United States. Upon the North Vietnamese victory in 1975, Vietnam reunified as a unitary socialist state under the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) in 1976. An ineffective planned economy, a trade embargo by the West, and wars with Cambodia and China crippled the country further. In 1986, the CPV initiated economic and political reforms similar to the Chinese economic reform, transforming the country to a market-oriented economy. The reforms facilitated Vietnamese reintegration into global economy and politics.
A developing country with a lower-middle-income economy, Vietnam is nonetheless one of the fastest growing economies of the 21st century, with GDP predicted to rival developed nations by 2050. Vietnam has high levels of corruption, censorship and a poor human rights record; the country ranks among the lowest in international measurements of civil liberties, freedom of the press and freedom of religion and ethnic minorities. It is part of international and intergovernmental institutions including the ASEAN, the APEC, the CPTPP, the Non-Aligned Movement, the OIF, and the WTO. It has assumed a seat on the United Nations Security Council twice. (Full article...)
Selected article -
The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV), also known as the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP), is the founding and sole legal party of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Founded in 1930 by Hồ Chí Minh, the CPV became the ruling party of North Vietnam in 1954 and then all of Vietnam after the collapse of the South Vietnamese government following the Fall of Saigon in 1975. Although it nominally exists alongside the Vietnamese Fatherland Front, it maintains a unitary government and has centralized control over the state, military, and media. The supremacy of the CPV is guaranteed by Article 4 of the national constitution. The Vietnamese public generally refer to the CPV as simply "the Party" (Đảng) or "our Party" (Đảng ta).
The CPV is organized on the basis of democratic centralism
, a principle conceived by Russian
Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin
. The highest institution of the CPV is the party's National Congress
, which elects the Central Committee
. The Central Committee is the supreme organ on party affairs in between party congresses. After a party congress, the Central Committee elects the Politburo
, and appoints the First Secretary
, the highest party office. In between sessions of the Central Committee, the Politburo is the supreme organ on party affairs. However, it can only implement decisions based on the policies which have been approved in advance by either the Central Committee or the party's National Congress. , the 12th Politburo
has 19 members. The current party leader is Nguyễn Phú Trọng
, who holds the titles of General Secretary of the Central Committee
and Secretary of the Central Military Commission
. (Full article...
Cu Đê River, just before it merges with Da Nang Bay
Hanging fishing nets in the
Trần Nhân Tông who has now become a monk and returned to Hanoi from his hermitage in Vũ Lâm.
The painting depicts the retired emperor
Wooden doors in the Imperial palace in
Hồ Chí Minh attended French Communist Congress in Marseilles in 1921 under the name Nguyễn Ái Quốc.
Hanoi, after a rain
The sunset over
Did you know -
General images -
The following are images from various Vietnam-related articles on Wikipedia.
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