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Portal:Visual arts

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THE VISUAL ARTS PORTAL
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Introduction

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Visual arts is a class of art forms focusing on the creation of works that are primarily visual in nature, such as painting, drawing, illustration, architecture, photography, graphic design, printmaking, and filmmaking. Works that involve moulding or modeling, such as sculpture, public art, and ceramics, are more narrowly referred to as plastic arts.

The visual arts are distinguished from the performing arts, language arts, culinary arts and other such classes of artwork, but those boundaries are not well defined. Many artistic endeavors combine aspects of visual arts with one or more non-visual art forms, such as music or spoken word.

The current use of the phrase "visual arts" includes fine arts as well as crafts, but this was not always the case. Prior to the Arts and Crafts movement in Britain and elsewhere at the turn of the 20th century, "visual artist" referred to a person working in the fine arts (such as painting, sculpture, or printmaking) and not the handicraft, craft, or applied art disciplines.

The scope of study and appreciation of visual arts spans the globe, and reaches through time back to people drawing on stone walls. All societies have embellished their tools and toys with more visual interest than is functionally necessary.

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Detail of Jonah - Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo
Credit: Primalchaos

Buon fresco, as illustrated by a detail of Michelangelo's decoration of the Sistine Chapel ceiling (1508-1512), is a challenging painting technique involving the application of watered-down pigment to wet plaster. Painters are forced to work quickly to apply the pigment before the plaster dries.

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A side view of the House With Chimaeras, a major art nouveau building, in the historic Pechersk neighbourhood.
The House with Chimaeras or Gorodetsky House is a major Art Nouveau building in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine. It was built in the period of 1901-1902 by Vladislav Gorodetsky, who was regarded as the Gaudí of Kiev.

The building is commonly dubbed as "The House With Chimaeras" because it contains various scenes depicting exotic animals and hunting scenes, as Gorodetsky was an avid hunter. It is situated on № 10, Bankova Street, across from the president of Ukraine's office in the historic Pechersk neighbourhood of Kiev. It is currently used as a presidential residence for official and diplomatic ceremonies.

The Italian sculptor Emilio Sala made both the internal and external sculptural decorations, such as mermaids, dolphins, and frogs on the roof of the building, sinking ships and hunting trophies on the exterior walls, and exuberant interior decorations, such as grand stairways and chandeliers depicting huge catfish strangled in the stems of lotus flowers.


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Drawing is like making an expressive gesture with the advantage of permanence.
Henri Matisse, unknown


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Dalí, photographed by Carl Van Vechten (1939)
Salvador Dalí was a Catalan-Spanish artist who became one of the most important painters of the twentieth century. A skilled draftsman, he is best known for his surrealist work identified by its striking, bizarre, dreamlike images. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. His best known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in 1931. In addition to painting, his artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, photography, and an Academy Award-nominated short cartoon, "Destino," on which he collaborated with Walt Disney; it was released posthumously in 2003. An artist of great imagination, Dalí had an affinity for doing unusual things to draw attention to himself. This sometimes irked those who loved his art as much as it annoyed his critics, since his eccentric manner sometimes drew more public attention than his artwork.


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Major topics


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Did you know...

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WikiProjects

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Categories

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Visual arts

Architecture | Ceramic art | Comics | Crafts | Design | Drawing | Illustration | Film | Glass | Graphic design | Industrial design | Landscape architecture | Multimedia | Painting | Photography | Pottery | Printmaking | Public art | Sculpture | Typography | Mosaic


Artists | Art awards | Artist collectives | Art collectors | Art critics | Art curators | Art exhibitions | Art forgery | Art history | Art materials | Art schools | Artistic techniques | Conservation and restoration


Art by country | Art genres | Art movements | Women artists | Years in art



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References