1947: A severe hailstorm injured 1000 people in Sydney, Australia.
1970: The most destructive tornado in Australian history struck Bulahdelah, New South Wales.
1920: The thermometer read 49 °C (120 °F) in Villa de María, Argentina, the highest temperature ever recorded in South America.
1960: Exactly 40 years later, the highest temperature in Australian history, 50.7 °C (123 °F), was recorded at Oodnadatta, South Australia.
1913: An Atlantic coast storm sets the lowest confirmed barometric pressure reading for a non-tropical system in the continental United States.
1999: A blizzard began dropping snow on the Midwestern United States, eventually disrupting travel and causing record low temperatures from Illinois to Ontario and Quebec.
1841: The SS Thames wrecked in a severe winter storm in the Isles of Scilly, killing 61 of the 65 passengers.
1998: Cyclone Susan reached peak intensity as a Category 5 storm on the Australian cyclone scale it approached Vanuatu.
2004: Cyclone Heta reached peak intensity near the island of Niue.
2014: The beginning of a multi-day cold snap pushed into the central and eastern United States.
1996: The Blizzard of '96 began pounding the Eastern United States, and would eventually dump 2-4 feet (0.6-1.3 m) of snow on an area from Tennessee to Connecticut.
2005: Tropical Storm Zeta finally dissipated over the open Atlantic Ocean, several days after it was forecast to diminish. It was the final storm of the hyperactive 2005 Atlantic hurricane season.
1839: Known as the Night of the Big Wind, a European windstorm swept across Ireland, killing between 250 and 300 people.
2005: European windstorm Erwin struck Sweden and Denmark with wind gusts of up to 165 kilometers per hour (103 mph), killing at least 17 people.
1880: The Great Gale of 1880 struck the Pacific Northwest.
1975: The Great Storm of 1975 began causing blizzard conditions in the Central Plains while spawning tornadoes in the Southern United States. Over the next 3 days, more than 2 feet (60 cm) of snow would fall on some locations, while 45 tornadoes touched down. Twelve people were killed by the storm.
1973: A devastating tornado, the deadliest in South American history, killed 54 people in San Justo, Santa Fe, Argentina.
1998: The Ice Storm of 1998 came to an end, leaving accumulations of ice up to 5 inches (12 cm) thick across northern New England and southeastern Canada, resulting in more than $5 billion (USD) in damage.
1898: A tornado killed 55 people in Fort Smith, Arkansas overnight, tying it for the deadliest tornado in Arkansas state history.
1888: The Schoolhouse Blizzard resulted in the deaths of 236 people in the northern Great Plains
1954: Two avalanches, one of which struck during rescue operations for the first, killed over 200 people in Blons, Austria.
2006: Cyclone Tam passed near Niuafo'ou, Tonga, but little damage was reported.
1979: A major snowstorm affected the Chicago area, dropping record snows of more than 16 inches (410 mm) in one day.
1982: Air Florida Flight 90 crashed into the Potomac River as a result of severe icing in a snowstorm, killing 78 people.
1888: The severe cold wave associated with the blizzard two days earlier reached its peak. The temperature reached −65 °F at Fort Keogh in Montana, the second lowest temperature ever recorded in the Contiguous United States.
2007: European windstorm Per struck parts of Scandinavia, killing six people.
2016: Hurricane Alex, an unusual January hurricane, reached peak intensity near the Azores.
1919: The Boston Molasses Disaster, caused in part by unusually warm temperatures, killed 21 people in Boston, Massachusetts.
1362: The Grote Mandrenke, Dutch for "Great Drowning of Men", produced an unprecedented storm tide in the Netherlands, killing 25,000 or more people.
1706: Benjamin Franklin, who would invent the lightning rod and introduce revolutionary concepts to meteorology, was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
1977: Snow was reported for the first time in West Palm Beach, Miami, and as far south as Homestead, Florida.
1982: An unprecedented outbreak of cold weather known as Cold Sunday brought record low temperatures to much of the Eastern United States.
1978: A subtropical storm formed in the central North Atlantic Ocean. It one of only four known tropical or subtropical cyclones to form in the North Atlantic in the month of January.
1993: An avalanche killed 59 people in Bayburt Province in northeastern Turkey.
1995: A helicopter crashed in the North Sea after being struck by lightning. Despite the high seas and stormy weather, all 18 passengers and crew were rescued.
2007: European windstorm Kyrill moved over the Baltic Sea towards northern Russia, after leaving a path of destruction from winds greater than 200 kilometers per hour (120 mph) across northern Europe. At least 44 people were killed.
2008: The Pacific Star, a cruise ship based out of New Zealand, ran into large waves caused by Cyclone Funa, suffering significant damage and several injuries to passengers.
1910: The Seine river overflowed its banks, marking the beginning of the Great Flood of Paris.
2005: A two day storm began that would drop 1–3 feet (30–90 cm) of snow over parts of New England.
1918: The Mackay cyclone leveled the city of Mackay, Queensland.
2009: In the early morning, Cyclone Fanele struck the east coast of Madagascar, killing 10 people.
1999: One person was killed in Tennessee in the final day of a six-day tornado outbreak sequence.
2016: A major blizzard began to affect the Mid-Atlantic states, ultimately resulting in all-time record snowfalls for a large portion of the United States.
1971: The temperature dropped to −80 °F (−62 °C) in Prospect Creek, Alaska, the coldest temperature ever recorded in the United States.
1967: A rare winter tornado outbreak affected the area around Saint Louis, Missouri, killing 3 people. The next day, thunderstorms produced sleet, freezing rain, and snow in the same areas.
2009: European windstorm Klaus made landfall near Bordeaux, France, with wind gusts of up to 200 kilometers per hour (120 mph).
1990: A European windstorm known as the Burns' Day storm killed almost 100 people, mainly in the United Kingdom.
2008: The first in a series of winter storms impacted China, beginning what would be China's most severe winter in half a century.
2009: An avalanche killed 10 hikers in Gümüşhane Province, Turkey.
1978: The Great Blizzard of 1978 struck the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley with several feet of snow and winds gusting to 100 mph. Seventy people died in the storm.
1982: The World Airways Flight 30 skidded off an icy runway at Boston Logan International Airport, killing 2 people.
2008: Cyclone Gene made landfall on Fiji, killing 8 people.
1922: The Knickerbocker Storm, one of the worst blizzards ever to strike Washington, D.C., collapsed the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater, killing 98 people.
1977: A severe blizzard which would last five days hit western New York.
2004: Cyclone Elita made its first of three landfalls on Madagascar.
1992: Tropical Storm Ekeka reached hurricane strength, the earliest and southernmost hurricane ever to form in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
1916: The Sweetwater Dam in San Diego County, California was overtopped due to severe flooding.
1930: The first radiosonde was launched in Pavlovsk, USSR by Pavel Molchanov, sending weather data from high in the atmosphere to the Leningrad Weather Bureau and Moscow Central Forecast Institute.
2009: A severe heat wave reached its peak in southeastern Australia, with nearly half of Tasmania recording all-time record temperatures as high as 42 °C (108 °F).
1966: Oswego, New York received 50 inches (127 cm) of snow, which was the last of five consecutive days of heavy snow.