Zambia has been inhabited for thousands of years by hunter-gatherers and migrating tribes. After sporadic visits by European explorers starting in the 18th century, Zambia was gradually claimed and occupied by the British as protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. On 24 October 1964, the protectorate gained independence with a new name derived from the Zambezi river which flows through Zambia. After independence the country moved towards a system of one party rule with Kenneth Kaunda as president. Kaunda dominated Zambian politics until multiparty elections were held in 1991.
Kenneth David Kaunda, (born April 28, 1924) was the first President of Zambia, serving from October 24, 1964 to November 2, 1991. Kaunda was the youngest child of the Reverend David Kaunda, an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He originally trained as a teacher but gave up teaching 1951 to become the Organising Secretary of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress for Northern Province, and in 1953 he became the Secretary General of the party. However, after differences with the party president, Harry Nkumbula, Kaunda left to form the Zambian African National Congress (ZANC) in 1958 but was imprisoned in 1959 after the new party was banned. While Kaunda was in prison, several nationalists broke away from the ANC and formed United National Independence Party as a successor to ZANC. When Kaunda was released from prison in January 1960 he was elected President of UNIP. In July 1961 Kaunda organized a civil disobedience campaign in Northern Province, which consisted of burning schools and blocking roads. Kaunda ran as a UNIP candidate during the 1962 elections, which resulted in a UNIP–ANC Coalition Government, with Kaunda as Minister of Local Government and Social Welfare. UNIP won the 1964 general election under the new Constitution and Kaunda was appointed Prime Minister. On 24 October 1964 he became the first President of independent Zambia. (continued...)
The current fuel shortage is caused by unknown criminals. Lungu says there are schemes by some people to disrupt the supply chain of essential commodities so that they can benefit from the ensuing crisis.... says President Edgar Lungu
The President has since urged all Zambians to desist from wishing evil against one another but instead strive to love and cherish one another. This was after his arrival at Kennth Kunda International Airport after beening discarged from the hospital in South Africa. March 15, 2015
Zambia's leading pay-to- view television channel, DStv increase subscription fees effective next month in April after some mixed feelings from the people over the increment. MultiChoice Zambia said this a normal practice and Mr Mwiika Malindima, the company’s public relationsmanager also said in a statement that some figures circulating on social media on the new fees were mere fabrications. March 14, 2015
Gwendoline Chomba Konie (9 October 1938 – 14 March 2009) was a Zambian poet, diplomat and politician. She was the Zambian ambassador to Scandinavia, the United Nations and Germany. She formed her own party in 2000 and stood as a candidate to be the President of Zambia in 2001. When she died she was given a state funeral.
The official language of Zambia is English, but between 43 and 73 languages are spoken.
The Victoria Falls in the south-west corner of Zambia are 100 metres high and 1.6 kilometres wide.
The highest point in Zambia is found in the Mafinga Hills. The point is at a height of 2,301 metres.
The flag of Zambia was hoisted for the first time at midnight on 23 October 1964, symbolising patriotism and the nation’s natural resources.
Zambia won its first ever Africa Cup of Nations in 2012 and the following year it lost to Nigeria in South Africa.
In 1964 Zambia became the first country ever to change its name and flag between the opening and closing ceremonies of an Olympic Games. The country entered the 1964 Summer Olympics as Northern Rhodesia, and left in the closing ceremony as Zambia on 24 October, the day independence was formally declared.