Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed by the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). Mazdaism is the religion that acknowledges the divine authority of Ahura Mazda, proclaimed by Zoroaster.
As demonstrated by Zoroastrian creed and articles of faith, the two terms are effectively synonymous. In a declaration of the creed — the Fravarānē — the adherent states: "…I profess myself a devotee of Mazda, a follower of Zarathustra." (Yasna 12.2, 12.8)
While Zoroastrianism was once the dominant religion of much of Iran, the number of adherents has dwindled to not more than 200,000 Zoroastrians worldwide, with concentrations in India and Iran.
Zoroastrians have faced much religious discrimination including forced conversions, harassments, as well as being identified as najis and impure to some groups of Muslims, while they are originally recognized as Ahle Kitab, (People of the Book; along with Christians and Jews) who have a holy scripture, as they believe in one God and His prophet, Zarathushtra (Grk:Zoroaster). These persistent persecutions have overall resulted in the ruling class Zoroastrian community which had much influence over the pre-Islamic era Persian empires to become one of the smallest religious minorities in the world.
Islamic persecution of Zoroastrianism was rampant in the decades after the Muslim conquest. Many were forced to convert to Islam mainly by force or by attritional methods. The purpose was to establish a Muslim based Arab-centric state within Iran, as Zoroastrianism was associated with the original Persian inhabitants of the Iranian world.
Persecution of Zoroastrians have mainly taken place in their own homeland Persia, modern day Iran. The history of persecution of Zoroastrians started from the Arab conquest of Persia and fall of the Sassanid Empire.
Bhikaiji Rustom Cama (Madam Cama, Madame Cama) (September 24, 1861 - August 13, 1936) was a prominent figure in the Indian Nationalist Movement.
Bhikaiji Rustom Cama was born Bhikai Sorab Patel on 24th September, 1861 in Bombay (now Mumbai) into a large, well-off Parsi family. Her parents, Sorabji and Jaijibai Patel, were well-known in the city, where her father Sorabji Framji Patel - a lawyer by training and a merchant by profession - was an influential member of the Parsi community. The father doted on his little girl, and affectionately called her "Munni".
Like many Parsi girls of the time, Bhikaiji attended Alexandra Native Girl's English Institution. Bhikaiji was by all accounts a diligent, disciplined child, with a flair for languages and an interest in the personalities of the nationalist movement(s).