Old Porter Meeting House (built 1828), c. 1922
|• Total||32.87 sq mi (85.13 km2)|
|• Land||31.50 sq mi (81.58 km2)|
|• Water||1.37 sq mi (3.55 km2)|
|Elevation||466 ft (142 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,493|
|• Density||47.6/sq mi (18.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582682|
Porter is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. It is included in the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area. Porter includes Porter village and part of Kezar Falls. The population was 1,498 at the 2010 census.
The land was once territory of Pequawket, the Abenaki village at what it now Fryeburg. It was purchased from the Massachusetts General Court in September 1795 by Dr. Aaron Porter of Biddeford and others. Terms of the grant offered 100 acres (40 ha) to each man who settled before January 1, 1784. First called Portersfield Plantation, it was incorporated as a town on February 20, 1807, named for its principal proprietor. Land was set off to Brownfield in 1831, 1832 and 1855.
Although farmers found the town's surface uneven, the hillsides offered excellent pasturage for cattle. Porter became noted for its orchards. Outlets of ponds provided sites for mills, with the best water power on the Ossipee River at Kezar Falls, where part of the village lies in Parsonsfield. The town had numerous sawmills, a gristmill, furniture factory, bobbin factory and a boot and shoe factory. In 1870, the population was 1,104.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 32.87 square miles (85.13 km2), of which, 31.50 square miles (81.58 km2) of it is land and 1.37 square miles (3.55 km2) is water. Porter is drained by the Ossipee River.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,498 people, 621 households, and 416 families residing in the town. The population density was 47.6 inhabitants per square mile (18.4/km2). There were 816 housing units at an average density of 25.9 per square mile (10.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.2% White, 0.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 621 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.83.
The median age in the town was 44.4 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 33.6% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,438 people, 562 households, and 1,410 families residing in the town. The population density was 45.7 people per square mile (17.6/km²). There were 742 housing units at an average density of 23.6 per square mile (9.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.01% White, 0.35% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.
There were 562 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,802, and the median income for a family was $37,552. Males had a median income of $25,739 versus $23,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,271. About 12.9% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- Parsonsfield-Porter Bridge, a 2 span covered bridge built in 1876
- Parsonsfield-Porter Historical Society & Museum
- Maine Teen Camp
- Old Porter Meeting House
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 265–267.
- George J. Varney, "History of Porter, Maine" (1886)
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.