|Portland Rose Festival|
|Begins||late May or early June|
|Ends||mid-June (2–3 weeks after starting)|
|Attendance||1.2 million (2011)|
|Patron(s)||Portland Rose Festival Foundation|
The Portland Rose Festival is an annual civic festival held during the month of June in Portland, Oregon. It is organized by the volunteer non-profit Portland Rose Festival Foundation (named the Portland Rose Festival Association until the 2000s) with the purpose of promoting the Portland region. It includes three separate parades, along with a number of other activities.
The Portland Rose Society, founded by Georgiana Pittock and friends in 1888, began with a backyard rose show in Pittock's garden. The annual fundraising event drew more crowds each year. By 1904, the rose society was hosting its annual rose show along with additional festivities, including a parade and pageant. In 1905, Portland Mayor Harry Lane is remembered for his rousing speech at the Lewis and Clark Exposition, telling the large crowd that Portland needed a "festival of roses". In 1906, the first Rose Festival and Flower Parade was held in Portland. Pittock and neighbors contributed roses from their gardens to decorate floats, wagons, people and horses for the parade. In 1907, the Portland Rose Festival Association was incorporated and Portland hosted its first official Portland Rose Festival.
The Grand Floral Parade is the centerpiece of the festival and the second largest all-floral parade in the United States after the Tournament of Roses Parade. More than 500,000 spectators line the route, making this flower parade the largest single-day spectator event in Oregon. The first parade, in 1907, was called the Rose Carnival, but eventually came to be known as the Rose Festival Parade and later still the Grand Floral Parade. The 1907 festival also included an "electric parade" with illuminated floats; this evolved into the Merrykhana Parade but after a two-season suspension was renamed the Starlight Parade in 1976.
Since 1930 a queen has been selected from a court of high school seniors from each school in the area. The members of the court are called princesses. For a brief period starting in 1997 they were officially called "ambassadors", but the term "princesses" was reinstated in January 2007. A college scholarship is awarded to a 14-member "royalty". Starting in 2009, the Rose Festival Foundation opened one place on the court to someone from a school outside the Portland city limits. There are drivers for the Princesses, who are chosen from each high school. The first African American driver (escort) was Sam Whitney from Benson High School in 1954. A Junior Rose Festival, focused on children, began unofficially in 1921, on the city's east side, and included its own parade and junior court. It became an official part of the Rose Festival in 1936. The festival's annual Junior Parade takes place in the city's Hollywood district. The Junior Parade has grown to an event involving nearly 10,000 children, making it the world's largest parade for children.
The festival also hosts the Starlight Parade, a fireworks display, and carnival rides along the Portland waterfront, among other events. Dragon boat races on the Willamette River have been included every year since 1989.
An air show was added to the Rose Festival in 1988 and remained part of the festival through 2002. Held at the Hillsboro Airport, it was named the Rose Festival Air Show, with the name generally preceded by a sponsor's name, but after the 2002 and 15th show the Rose Festival Association decided to discontinue its relationship with the event. In 2003, the show was reorganized as the Oregon International Air Show, with different sponsors and no longer a Rose Festival event.
No festival was held in 1917 and 1918 because of World War I or from 1942 through 1945 because of World War II. From 2007 to 2016, the festival began with the 82nd Avenue of Roses Parade. The parade was cancelled in 2017, but returned in 2018. COVID-19 pandemic concerns canceled the 2020 and 2021 parades, but the parade would return in 2022.
- 2007, 2011: the International Festivals and Events Association named the Portland Rose Festival the best in the world
1909 Rose Festival letter
Every Rose Festival parade includes several marching bands.
The Budweiser Clydesdales are a frequent participant.
Queen's float in the 2010 Starlight Parade
Float in the Starlight Parade
Two dragon boat crews racing during a practice a few weeks before the start of the Rose Festival
Royal Rosarian Award banner
- Portland Rose Festival Foundation (11 July 2011). "Grand Pinnacle Award Submission" (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Erika Weisensee (2008). "Portland Rose Festival". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Weisensee, Erika. "Portland Rose Festival". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- Wilson, Janet (2014). The Queen of Portland's Roses: The Life of Georgiana Burton Pittock. Panoply Press. pp. 53–54. ISBN 978-1882877447.
- "Rose Festival Is To Be Yearly Event Thereafter". The Oregon Daily Journal. July 12, 1907. p. 13.
- Hughley, Marty (June 8, 1990). "Parade main event of Rose Festival". The Oregonian, p. C1.
- Killen, John (June 1, 2001). "Grand Floral Parade puts spotlight on fun". The Oregonian, A&E section, Rose Festival supplement, p. 15.
- Meehan, Brian T. (May 27, 1993). "Portland will march to beat of 2nd largest floral parade". The Oregonian, p. R4.
- Bell, Teresa (June 9, 2007). "Grand Floral Parade brings fanfare to Portland". KGW.com. Archived from the original on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
Spectacular all-floral floats bring fantasy to life for a half million parade fans along Oregon's largest single-day spectator event, the Grand floral Parade. ...
- Trudy Flores and Sarah Griffith (2002). "Portland Rose Festival, 1910". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Jill Spitznass and Eric Bartels (June 1, 2004). "2004 Rose Festival Ambassadors". Portland Tribune. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- "Rose Festival opens up one spot for suburban girl". Beaverton Valley Times. October 30, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- Suzanne Monson (April 20, 1997). "Portland: Compact and Crammed With Possibilitiesl". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- Terrence Petty (May 31, 2007). "Colorful dragon boats take to the river during Portland's Rose Festival". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "Golden Rose Ski Classic". Northwest skiers. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
- Frank, Ryan (May 21, 2003). "Hillsboro sponsors give redesigned air show a lift". The Oregonian, p. C3.
- "Portland Rose Festival postponed; organizers, city leaders will work on 'appropriate timing' of events". KPTV. March 19, 2020. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
The 2020 Portland Rose Festival has been postponed. Rose Festival organizers made the announcement Thursday due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Rose Festival events were scheduled to begin May 22 and run through June 7. The Starlight Parade had been scheduled for May 30 and the Grand Floral Parade on June 6. No new dates were immediately announced.
- "Rose Festival Opening Night & Fireworks". Retrieved 2022-11-17.
- "2007 IFEA/Haas & Wilkerson Pinnacle Award Winners – Category Order" (PDF). International Festivals and Events Association. 2007-09-12. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- "Portland's Rose Festival wins award for best in the world". KPTV. 2011-10-07. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- "2011 IFEA World Festival & Event City Award". International Festivals and Events Association. 2011-10-07. Archived from the original on 2011-10-12. Retrieved 2011-10-07.