Porto Formoso

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Porto Formoso
Civil Parish
Porto Formoso, Ribeira Grande, ilha de São Miguel, Açores.JPG
The expanse of tea fields from the regional roadway looking towards the coastal community of Porto Formoso
Official name: Freguesia do Porto Formoso
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island São Miguel
Municipality Ribeira Grande
Localities Ladeira da Velha, Porto Formoso
River Ribeira dos Moinhos
Center Porto Formoso
 - elevation 35 m (115 ft)
 - coordinates 37°49′19″N 25°25′32″W / 37.82194°N 25.42556°W / 37.82194; -25.42556Coordinates: 37°49′19″N 25°25′32″W / 37.82194°N 25.42556°W / 37.82194; -25.42556
Highest point
 - location Espigão da Ovelha
 - elevation 884 m (2,900 ft)
 - coordinates 37°46′42″N 25°26′28″W / 37.77833°N 25.44111°W / 37.77833; -25.44111
Lowest point Sea Level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
Area 12.79 km2 (5 sq mi)
 - urban .37 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 1,265 (2011)
Density 99/km2 (256/sq mi)
Settlement fl. 1509
 - Parish 2 June 1509
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua Padre João B. Couto
 - elevation 28 m (92 ft)
 - coordinates 37°49′22″N 25°25′39″W / 37.82278°N 25.42750°W / 37.82278; -25.42750
President Junta Emanuel Janeiro Faria
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9625-429
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora da Graça
Wikimedia Commons: Porto Formoso (Ribeira Grande)
Geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)

Porto Formoso is a civil parish in the municipality of Ribeira Grande in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The population in 2011 was 1,265,[1] in an area of 12.79 km².[2]

History[edit]

The ornate facada and staircase of the parochial Church of Nossa Senhora da Graça

The establishment of this civil parish remotes to the early part of the 16th century, as first recorded by Pedro Vaz Pacheco.[3] On 2 June 1509, he ordered the construction of a Chapel of Bom Jesus, to serve his descendents.[3] By the end of that century, the chapel had its own clergy, passing into a vicarage in 1568.

Gaspar Frutuoso (in Saudades da Terra), refers to the parish in these terms: "it makes a beautiful bay, and in the centre the locality of Porto Formoso, named for the things that exist there, it is clean and the best one in the north...".[3]

The parochial church's patron is Nossa Senhora da Graça (Our Lady of Grace), and existed by the time that Pedro Vaz Pacheco ordered the erection of the Chapel of Bom Jesus (which included a crucifix and chanel to the Virgin[clarification needed]) as a burial tomb for his descendents.[3] The church was renovated throughout the centuries, becoming the simple facade of basalt rock and three interior naves.[3]

In the civil parish, in the old roadway that connected Ribeira Grande to Furnas, is an obelisk (Obelisco da Ladeira da Velha) which was erected during the Liberal Wars (1829–34) to mark a long-forgotten engagement in the conflict, known as the Battle of Ladeira da Velha.[3]

Geography[edit]

A partial view of the built-up area of the village of Praia Formoso, looking over into the fishing port/beach
The beach and cliffs of the Praia dos Moinhos, one of the few white-sand beaches on the island of São Miguel

In the area of Praia dos Moinhos, a beach within an amphitheatre-like cliff face, the popular beach and locality developed from several watermills that were built along the ravine that flows into the ocean.

The ravine continues to empty into the ocean on this site, dividing he white-sand beach, which is popular with tourists and local residents.[3] Immediately near the beach is the Ladeira da Velha, where a natural mineral spring, rich in potassium, erupts from the coast with temperatures around 30°C.[3] A thermae was constructed in a small house to provide repose for people who took therapeutic mineral treatments from these waters.[3]

Economy[edit]

The region is best known for the tea factories that exist in the vicinity of one another: the Fábrica de Chá Porto Formoso, within Porto Formoso, and the neighbouring Gorreana tea factory in the neighbouring parish of São Brás.[3][4] The terrain in this parish is devoted to agriculture and as pasture-lands, but several tracts are dedicated to the cultivation of tea plants, owing to the areas micro-climate.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Religious[edit]

  • Hermitage of Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Portuguese: Ermida de Nossa Senhora do Carmo)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Graça (Portuguese: Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Graça)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Eurostat
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Câmara Municipal, ed. (2011), Historia (in Portuguese), Porto Formoso (Ribeira Grande), Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Ribeira Grande, retrieved 1 October 2011 
  4. ^ Tea Producing Nations: Europe: Portugal