Portrait of Jason
|Portrait of Jason|
|Directed by||Shirley Clarke|
|Produced by||Shirley Clarke|
|Edited by||Shirley Clarke|
|Distributed by||Milestone Films|
|29 September 1967 (NYFF)
2 October 1967 (Theatrical)
A gay African-American hustler and aspiring cabaret performer, Jason is the sole on-screen presence in the film. He narrates his troubled life story to the camera, behind which Clarke and her partner at the time, actor Carl Lee, provoke and berate Jason with increasing hostility as the film progresses. The film employs avant-garde and cinéma vérité techniques to reach the tragedy underlying Jason's theatrical, exaggerated persona.
Filming for Portrait of Jason took place in the living room of Clarke's Hotel Chelsea penthouse apartment. The shoot started at 9:00 p.m. on Saturday, December 3, 1966, and ended 12 hours later. While Clarke originally intended for Jason to be the only speaking character in the film, she included the off-screen voices of her, Carl Lee, and other crew members in the final cut. She later revealed why she did this:
When I saw the rushes I knew the real story of what happened that night in my living room had to include all of us, and so our question-reaction probes, our irritations and angers, as well as our laughter remain part of the film, essential to the reality of one winter’s night in 1967.
The inclusion of the off-camera voices is most important in the final reel, when Carl Lee and others begin to verbally attack Jason for wrongs he has done them or their perception of his bad character. The assaults make Jason become defensive and weepy for the first time in the film. However, by the very end of the film, he brushes off the continuing attacks by trying to make jokes of them, although, in stark contrast to the film before the final reel, he himself does not laugh. His final words are, "Finally. Oh, that was beautiful. I'm happy about the whole thing." His face is once again a completely out-of-focus abstraction, so the lack of visual information makes it difficult to know whether these words are meant to be sarcastic.
Upon its 1967 release, Bosley Crowther of The New York Times admired Portrait of Jason as a "curious and fascinating example of cinéma vérité, all the ramifications of which cannot be immediately known." Swedish filmmaker Ingmar Bergman called Portrait of Jason "the most extraordinary film I've seen in my life."
Restoration and re-release
In 2013, Dennis Doros, co-founder of Milestone Films and board member of the Association of Moving Image Archivists, gave a series of talks to universities and film societies about the search for the film, which was thought lost. However, the original print of the film had surfaced in the Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research archives.
An intensive restoration effort of the original print received over $26,000 from a Kickstarter campaign as well as funding from Academy Film Archive. Among other funders were Steve Buscemi, the Winterfilm Collective, and tiff.cinematheque.
Josef Lindner and Michael Pogorzelski supervised the restoration, which involved the cooperation of the Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research, the Swedish Film Institute, the UCLA Film & Television Archive, the Harry Ransom Center, the Berlinale International Forum of New Cinema, and Wendy Clarke. The mastering of the restoration was completed by Modern Videofilm.
As of May 2013, Portrait of Jason holds a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 11 reviews. The Village Voice's Melissa Anderson wrote that Portrait of Jason "says more about race, class, and sexuality than just about any movie before or since."
Documentary filmmaker Connie Field assesses the film quite negatively:
I felt [Clarke] was exploiting him ... not because ... of trying to reveal a person at all. ... if you basically make someone drunk in front of your camera, that's exploitative. ... Who cares if the reality is that this person does drink a lot? You're the one supplying the liquor. ... at the end, when he is crying, I see a drunk crying, and I think only 'a drunk crying' rather than 'his soul is being revealed'.
In 2015, Stephen Winter directed a film called Jason and Shirley, starting Sarah Schulman and Jack Waters, which is a fictionalized and critical re-imagination of the daylong filming of Portrait of Jason in December 1966.
- Mike Barnes (December 16, 2015). "'Ghostbusters,' 'Top Gun,' 'Shawshank' Enter National Film Registry". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- Erickson, Hal. "Portrait of Jason (1967): Review Summary". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Crowther, Bosley. "Film Festival: The Landscape of Love:'Elvira Madigan' Tells a Bittersweet Tale". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Milestone Films. "Portrait of Jason press kit" (PDF). Milestone Films. p. 6. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- IFC Center. "Portrait of Jason". AMC Networks. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Milestone's theatrical restoration of Portrait of Jason" Turner Classic Movies
- "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive.
- Doros, Dennis. "Portrait of Jason Film Restoration". Kickstarter. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Rotten Tomatoes. "Portrait of Jason (1967)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Anderson, Melissa (22 April 2009). "The Films of Shirley Clarke at Anthology". The Village Voice. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Conversation with Illeana Douglas after broadcast of Portrait of Jason, Turner Classic Movies, 16 October 2015 at approximately 2:40 a.m. Eastern Time.
- Kenigsberg, Ben (19 October 2015). "‘Jason and Shirley’ Reimagines the Making of a Landmark Documentary". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- Brody, Richard. "Jason and Shirley". The New Yorker. Retrieved 7 January 2016.