Portrait of a Cardinal (Raphael)

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Portrait of a Cardinal
Rafael - Retrato de um Cardeal.jpg
Yearabout 1510
MediumOil on wood
Dimensions79 cm × 61 cm (31 in × 24 in)
LocationMuseo del Prado, Madrid

The Portrait of a Cardinal is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael. It is housed in the Prado Museum in Madrid.

The Cardinal has been identified as either Alidosi, Bibbiena, Cybo or Trivulzio, in the court of Pope Julius II.

Painted in Rome, Rafael mastered the art of realism in his paintings, the ability to “paint people as more real than they really are,” as his peers put it.

Like Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, the subject is seated, with formation of a triangle pyramid by the subjects' body and arms. The contrasts are striking between the red of his hat, whiteness of his sleeve and his face. Meticulous brushstrokes give the audience a three-dimensional character, revealing Rapahel’s interest in sculpture during those years.

The painting was acquired by Carlos IV of Spain (1748–1819) in Rome, while the latter was still a prince.

The picture was attributed to Antonio Moro, due to its technique, considered unusual in Raphael.