Portrait of a Lady on Fire

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Portrait of a Lady on Fire
Portrait of a Lady on Fire.jpg
Festival de Cannes film poster
FrenchPortrait de la jeune fille en feu
LiterallyPortrait of the Young Lady on Fire
Directed byCéline Sciamma
Produced byBénédicte Couvreur
Written byCéline Sciamma
Starring
Music by
CinematographyClaire Mathon
Edited byJulien Lacheray
Production
company
Lilies Films
Distributed byPyramide Films
Release date
  • 19 May 2019 (2019-05-19) (Cannes)
  • 18 September 2019 (2019-09-18) (France)
Running time
120 minutes[1]
CountryFrance
LanguageFrench
Budget€4.86 million[2]
Box office$23 million[3][4]

Portrait of a Lady on Fire (French: Portrait de la jeune fille en feu, lit. 'Portrait of the Young Lady on Fire') is a 2019 French historical romantic drama film written and directed by Céline Sciamma, starring Noémie Merlant and Adèle Haenel. Set in France in the late 18th century, the film tells the story of a forbidden affair between an aristocrat and a painter commissioned to paint her portrait.

Portrait of a Lady on Fire was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival.[5][6] The film won the Queer Palm at Cannes, becoming the first film directed by a woman to win the award.[7] Sciamma also won the award for Best Screenplay at Cannes.[1][8][9] The film was theatrically released in France on 18 September 2019.[10]

It was nominated for Independent Spirit Awards, Critics' Choice Awards and Golden Globe Awards for Best Foreign Language Film and was chosen by the National Board of Review as Top Five Foreign Language Films of 2019.

Plot[edit]

At the end of the eighteenth century, Marianne, a young painter, is teaching painting. One of her students asks her about a painting of hers, which Marianne calls Portrait de la jeune fille en feu.

Years previously, Marianne arrives on a distant island in Brittany. She has been commissioned to paint a portrait of a young woman named Héloïse, who is to be married off to a Milanese nobleman. Marianne is informed that Héloïse has previously refused to pose for portraits, as she does not want to be married; she had been living in a convent before the suicide of her older sister necessitated her return and her betrothal. Marianne acts as Héloïse's hired companion to be able to paint her in secret, and accompanies her on daily walks along the rugged coastline to memorize Héloïse's features.

Marianne finishes the portrait, but finds herself unable to betray Héloïse's trust and reveals her true reason for arriving. After Héloïse criticises the painting, which does not seem to portray her true nature, Marianne destroys the work. Héloïse's mother is shocked to hear that Héloïse is willing to pose for Marianne over the next few days, while her mother visits Italy. Héloïse and Marianne's bond grows during the mother's absence. One evening, they read the story of Orpheus and Eurydice and debate the true reason why Orpheus turns around to look at his wife, causing her to be returned to the underworld. The pair help Sophie, a maid, have an abortion, and the three go to a bonfire gathering where women sing, during which Héloïse's dress briefly catches fire. Meanwhile, Marianne is haunted throughout the house by visions of Héloïse in a wedding dress.

The next day, Marianne and Héloïse go to a cave and share their first kiss and make love later that night. Over the next few days, their romance grows stronger. However, it is cut short by the inevitable return of Héloïse's mother, who approves of the now completed portrait. The evening before her departure, Marianne sketches a drawing of Héloïse to remember her, and Héloïse asks Marianne to draw a sketch of herself on page 28 of her book. The next morning Marianne bids farewell, and as she is about to leave the house she hears Héloïse say, "Turn around". She turns and sees Héloïse in her wedding dress, appearing exactly as she did in the visions that haunted Marianne earlier.

In the present, Marianne reveals that she saw Héloïse twice again. The first time was in the form of a portrait at an art exhibition where Héloïse, with a child beside her, is holding a book showing only page number 28—secretly acknowledging the memory of Marianne through the memento that Héloïse requested from her. The second time was at a concert where Héloïse sat in a theater balcony across from Marianne. Unobserved, Marianne watches Héloïse as she becomes overwhelmed with emotion and comes to tears while listening to the orchestra play the Presto from "Summer" from Vivaldi's Four Seasons, the music that Marianne had played for her on a harpsichord years before.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Principal photography began in October 2018[11] and was completed after 38 days.[12] Filming took place in Saint-Pierre-Quiberon in Brittany and a château in La Chapelle-Gauthier, Seine-et-Marne.[11][13]

The paintings and sketches in the film were made by artist Hélène Delmaire. She painted 16 hours every day during the course of filming, basing her painting on the blocking of the scenes. Her hands were also featured in the film.[14] To mark the release of the film in France, Delmaire's paintings from Portrait of a Lady on Fire were exhibited at the Galerie Joseph in Paris from 20 to 22 September 2019.[15]

Release[edit]

On 22 August 2018, film distributor MK2 began the sale of international rights to the film, with Pyramide Films acquiring the distribution rights for France.[16] On 10 February 2019, Curzon Artificial Eye acquired the rights for the United Kingdom, Karma Films did so for Spain, Cinéart for Benelux, and Folkets Bio for Sweden.[17][18] Neon and Hulu acquired the distribution rights for North America on 22 May.[19][20]

Portrait of a Lady on Fire was released in France on 18 September 2019.[10] The film premiered theatrically in the United States as a limited release on 6 December 2019, followed by a wide release on 14 February 2020.[21] It was released in the United Kingdom on 28 February 2020.[22]

Critical response[edit]

Portrait of a Lady on Fire was the subject of broad acclaim. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 98% based on 292 reviews from critics, with an average rating of 8.99/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "A singularly rich period piece, Portrait of a Lady on Fire finds stirring, thought-provoking drama within a powerfully acted romance."[23] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 95 out of 100, based on 47 critics, indicating "universal acclaim",[24] and has been designated a Metacritic "Must See" movie. It is the second best reviewed film of 2019.[25][26]

A.O. Scott of The New York Times wrote that Portrait of a Lady on Fire is a "subtle and thrilling love story, at once unsentimental in its realistic assessment of women's circumstances", describing the unfolding of Marianne and Héloïse's relationship as "less a chronicle of forbidden desire than an examination of how desire works" and "the dangerous, irresistible power of looking".[27] Mark Kermode from The Observer/The Guardian gave the film five stars and said it is "an intellectually erotic study of power and passion in which observed becomes observer, authored becomes author, returning time and again to a central question: 'If you look at me, who do I look at?', and described the unwanted pregnancy subplot as "confronting but also depicting a taboo subject and its representation, refusing to look away, finding strength in sorority."[28] In his review for Variety, Peter Debruge said about Sciamma as director and screenwriter: "Though this gorgeous, slow-burn lesbian romance works strongly enough on a surface level, one can hardly ignore the fact, as true then as it is now, that the world looks different when seen through a woman's eyes", describing the film as "rigorously scripted", and her approach "looking past surfaces in an attempt to capture deeper emotion".[29]

Accolades[edit]

The film was one of three shortlisted by the French Ministry of Culture to be France's submission to the 92nd Academy Awards for Best International Feature Film, along with Les Misérables and Proxima.[30] Les Misérables was ultimately submitted.[31]

Award Date of ceremony Category Nominee(s) Result Ref
Cannes Film Festival 25 May 2019 Palme d'Or Céline Sciamma Nominated [1][8]
Best Screenplay Award Won
Queer Palm Won [32]
British Independent Film Awards 1 December 2019 Best International Independent Film Céline Sciamma, Véronique Cayla, Bénédicte Couvreur Nominated [33][34]
European Film Awards 7 December 2019 Best Director Céline Sciamma Nominated [35][36]
[37][38]
Best Actress Noémie Merlant Nominated
Adèle Haenel Nominated
Best Screenwriter Céline Sciamma Won
European University Film Award Portrait of a Lady on Fire Won
New York Film Critics Online 7 December 2019 Foreign Language Portrait of a Lady on Fire Won [39]
Los Angeles Film Critics Association 8 December 2019 Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Won [40]
Toronto Film Critics Association 8 December 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire runner-up [41]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association 8 December 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [42]
Women Film Critics Circle 9 December 2019 Best Movie by a Woman Céline Sciamma runner-up [43]
Best Woman Storyteller runner-up
Best Movie About Women Portrait of a Lady on Fire Won
Best Foreign Film By or About Women Won
Karen Morley Award Nominated
Best Screen Couple Noémie Merlant and Adèle Haenel[a] Won
Chicago Film Critics Association 14 December 2019 Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Nominated [44][45]
Best Costume Design Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association 14 December 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire 5th place [46]
Boston Society of Film Critics 15 December 2019 Best Picture Portrait of a Lady on Fire runner-up [47][48]
Best Foreign Language Film runner-up
Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Won
St. Louis Film Critics Association 15 December 2019 Best Foreign Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [49]
IndieWire Critics Poll 16 December 2019 Best Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire 5th place [50]
Best Director Céline Sciamma 4th place
Best Screenplay Portrait of a Lady on Fire 10th place
Best Actress Noémie Merlant 13th place
Adèle Haenel 10th place
Best Supporting Actress 13th place
Best Cinematography Portrait of a Lady on Fire 3rd place
Best Foreign Film 3rd place
San Francisco Bay Area Film Critics Circle 16 December 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [51]
Seattle Film Critics Society 16 December 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [52]
Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Nominated
Florida Film Critics Circle 23 December 2019 Best Picture Portrait of a Lady on Fire Won [53][54]
Best Director Céline Sciamma Won
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Best Cinematography Claire Mathon runner-up
Best Foreign Language Film Best Foreign Language Film Won
National Society of Film Critics 4 January 2020 Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Won [55]
Golden Globe Awards 5 January 2020 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [56]
Austin Film Critics Association 6 January 2020 Best Supporting Actress Adèle Haenel Nominated [57][58]
Best Foreign-Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated
Online Film Critics Society 6 January 2020 Best Picture Portrait of a Lady on Fire 6th place [59][60]
Best Director Céline Sciamma Nominated
Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Nominated
Best Film Not in the English Language Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated
New York Film Critics Circle Awards 7 January 2020 Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Won [61]
National Board of Review 8 January 2020 Top Five Foreign Language Films Portrait of a Lady on Fire Won [62]
Dorian Awards 8 January 2020 Film of the Year Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [63][64]
Director of the Year Céline Sciamma Nominated
LGBTQ Film of the Year Portrait of a Lady on Fire Won
Foreign Language Film of the Year Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated
Screenplay of the Year Céline Sciamma Nominated
Visually Striking Film of the Year Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated
Georgia Film Critics Association 10 January 2020 Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Nominated [65][66]
Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated
Critics' Choice Awards 12 January 2020 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [67][68]
Lumières Award 27 January 2020 Best Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [69][70]
Best Director Céline Sciamma Nominated
Best Actress Noémie Merlant Won
Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Won
London Film Critics Circle 30 January 2020 Film of the Year Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [71][72]
Foreign-Language Film of the Year Won
British Academy Film Awards 2 February 2020 Best Film Not in the English Language Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [73][74]
Satellite Awards 7 February 2020 Best Foreign Language Film Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [75]
Film Independent Spirit Awards 8 February 2020 Best International Film Céline Sciamma Nominated [76][77]
César Awards 28 February 2020 Best Film Bénédicte Couvreur and Céline Sciamma Nominated [78][79]
Best Director Céline Sciamma Nominated
Best Actress Adèle Haenel Nominated
Noémie Merlant Nominated
Most Promising Actress Luàna Bajrami Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Céline Sciamma Nominated
Best Cinematography Claire Mathon Won
Best Sound Julien Sicart, Valérie de Loof and Daniel Sobrino Nominated
Best Costume Design Dorothée Guiraud Nominated
Best Production Design Thomas Grézaud Nominated
GLAAD Media Award 19 March 2020 Outstanding Film – Limited Release Portrait of a Lady on Fire Nominated [80]
Nastro d'Argento 6 July 2020 Best Supporting Actress Valeria Golino Won [81][82]

Home media[edit]

The DVD and Blu-ray for Zone 2 was released by Pyramide Video on 18 February 2020.[83][84] It was released as VOD on Hulu on 27 March 2020.[85] The DVD for Region 1 and Blu-ray for Region A was released by The Criterion Collection on 23 June 2020.[86][87][88]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tied with Jennifer Lopez and Constance Wu for Hustlers.

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]