Portrait of the Boy Eutyches
|Portrait of the Boy Eutyches|
|Year||c. A.D 100-150|
|Medium||Encaustic paint on wood|
|Dimensions||38 cm × 19 cm (15 in × 7.5 in)|
|Location||Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York|
Portrait of the Boy Eutyches, also known as Portrait of Boy, is a portrait by an anonymous artist from Roman Egypt of about 100 to 150 AD. The portrait depicts a young boy, who is named as "Eutyches, freedman of Kasanios" by an inscription. It is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York. The work was produced after the boy's death, and is classified as one of the Fayum mummy portraits.
Such mortuary portraits, attached to the burial, were popular as an artistic medium in the 1st century AD during the Roman Empire's rule over Egypt, which was dominated by an upper class of ethnic Greeks. This blending of Roman, Greek and Egyptian cultures in the imperial province of Egypt resulted in a unique art form that drew influences from Classical Greece and Egypt while at the same time utilizing materials provided by Rome's flourishing economy.
Portrait of the Boy Eutyches exemplifies a fusion of Classical Greek-inflected portrait painting methods, Roman clothing, painting materials, and the historical Egyptian reverence for the dead. The portrait, done in encaustic paint on wood panel, was intended to be placed on the face of deceased after they were mummified. Unlike some earlier mummy portraits, Portrait of the Boy Eutyches is noted to be heavily influenced by Greco-Roman artistic tradition as opposed to Egyptian.
The portrait makes use of light and dark colors coupled with broad brush strokes to model the boy's face. The olive background of the panel is used to contrast the subject's deep tan complexion and dark hair, as well as to create a sense of depth. The image depicted by the portrait is lit by an intra-painting light source to the boy's right; this can be inferred through the reflections present in the boy's eyes. The boy is dressed in white garb.
- "Portrait of the Boy Eutyches". Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- Oakes, Lorna. Gahlin, Lucia. Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Reference to the Myths, Religions, Pyramids and Temples of the Land of the Pharaohs. p.236 Hermes House. 2002. ISBN 1-84477-008-7
- Nicola Hoesch: Mumienporträts in: Der Neue Pauly, Bd. 8 (2000), p. 464
- Nicola Hoesch: Mumienporträts in: Der Neue Pauly, Vol. 8 (2000), p. 464f.