Portslade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Portslade
PortsladeVillage-uk-09-11-05.jpg
Portslade Village
Portslade is located in East Sussex
Portslade
Portslade
Location within East Sussex
OS grid referenceTQ255065
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBrighton
Postcode districtBN41
Dialling code01273
PoliceSussex
FireEast Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
50°50′38″N 0°12′58″W / 50.844°N 0.216°W / 50.844; -0.216Coordinates: 50°50′38″N 0°12′58″W / 50.844°N 0.216°W / 50.844; -0.216

Portslade is a western suburb of the city of Brighton and Hove, England. Portslade Village, the original settlement a mile inland to the north, was built up in the 16th century. The arrival of the railway from Brighton in 1840 encouraged rapid development of the coastal area and in 1896 the southern part, formerly known as Copperas Gap, was granted urban district status and renamed Portslade-by-Sea, making it distinct from Portslade Village. After World War II the district of Mile Oak to the north was added. Today, Portslade is bisected from east to west by the old A27 road (now the A270) between Brighton and Worthing, each part having a distinct character.

Notable buildings and areas[edit]

Portslade Village, to the north, nestles in a valley of the South Downs and still retains its rural character with flint buildings, a village green and the small parish church of St Nicolas, which is the second-oldest church in the city, dating from approximately 1150.

Another notable building in the village is Portslade Manor, one of the few surviving ruins of a Norman manor. It was built in the 12th century and is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Foredown Tower houses a camera obscura, one of only two in the south of England. It is open to the public.

Portslade-by-Sea, to the south, is both the small but busy seaport harbour basin of Shoreham harbour and the industrial centre of Brighton and Hove. This East Arm of Shoreham Canal Port which includes the North and South Basin Quays, separates the pebble beach from the town centre. Terraced housing dating back to the 19th century is interspaced with parks and allotments. The main shopping area is on Station Road. Boundary Road in neighbouring Hove is the location of Portslade and West Hove station, with direct trains to London Victoria with a journey time of just over an hour.

The adjacent areas of West Sussex are Southwick and Fishersgate with Fishersgate occurring south of the railway line. Fishersgate has its own railway station and like the Portslade station actually occurs at the boundary.

Portslade downland[edit]

Cockroost Bottom

To the north is Mile Oak and the A27 road which separates the built-up area from a number of special downland areas, which include Cockroost Hill to the northwest, Mount Zion to the northeast and Cockroost Bottom separating the two.

The name, Cockroost, may have come from the population of great bustard that used to inhabit the area and although you no longer find bustards here, there are some remarkable wildlife survivals, including the rare Pyralid Sitochroa palealis, orchids and butterlies. [1] There is also a lot of history to be found on these slopes including a large 4000 year old Bronze Age settlement, which may have been a ‘henge’ (as in Stonehenge), as well as evidence of Iron Age and Romano-British farming activity.[2]

Mount Zion's east slopes, north of New Barn Farm, are just as special. They have always been grazed and there are three coombes dotted with old anthills and orchids including the rare bee orchid. The most northerly coombe has the little copse with hazel and dogwood. Goldfinches, linnets and migrant birds on passage enjoy its peace.[1]

There are two notable pathways on this downland. One is the Mid Sussex Path of the Sussex Border Path which separates East and West Sussex and runs north into the Fulking parish. There is also the final stretch of the Monarch's Way which passes through Mile Oak and Porstlade and follows the seafront west towards Shoreham. The Way is a 625-mile (1,006 km) long-distance footpath that runs from Worcester to Shoreham.

History[edit]

St Nicolas's in 1851

Portslade has been suggested as being the Roman port Novus Portus mentioned in Ptolemy's Geography of the 2nd century AD.[3] Drove Road, in the original Portslade Village, has been linked with the Roman road (sometimes known as the "London to Portslade Way") that passes through Patcham valley to Haywards Heath and on to Streatham in London. The Old Shoreham Road is thought to form part of the Chichester (Noviomagus Reginorum) to Portslade Roman road. Roman remains and a Roman burial site were found in Roman Road. The name of the town had been thought to stem from the Roman placename Portus Adurni, but this is based on a misidentification of Shoreham-by-Sea as Portus Adurni by Michael Drayton in the 17th century. Indeed, the River Adur, whose mouth has moved many times due to longshore drift and erosion, was also named from this misidentification. The actual etymology of Portslade may be portus- + -ladda, way to the port, where ladda is from the Old English for way, but this is conjectural at best.

The old name, Copperas Gap, for Portslade-by-Sea suggests that the coast was used for the production of copperas or green vitriol, a form of ferrous sulphate used extensively in the textile industry. The process took over six years and made use of iron pyrite-rich nodules that could be found in the strata of Sussex greensand stone that emerges at this point in the coast.

A part-finished assembly hall in Portslade became an Odeon Cinema about 1930 when George Coles, one of the Odeon chain's principal architects, adapted the original design.

Portslade-by-Sea was an urban district from the late 19th century to 1974, when it became part of the borough of Hove, later to become part of the city of Brighton and Hove. Portslade Town Hall is on Victoria Road, and is used as a venue for various functions: it is a locally-listed building.[4]

19th-century residents[edit]

Edward Kenealy at the Tichborne trial

Revd Richard William Enraght (1837–1898)[5] was the Priest in Charge of St Andrew Church, Portslade, from 1871–74.[6] Fr. Enraght's belief in the Church of England's Catholic tradition, his promotion of ritualism in worship, and his writings on Catholic worship and church-state relationships, led him into conflict with the Public Worship Regulation Act 1874. While serving as Vicar of Holy Trinity, Bordesley, Birmingham in 1880, he paid the maximum price under the Act of prosecution and imprisonment in Warwick Prison.[7] Fr. Enraght became nationally and internationally known as a "prisoner for conscience sake".[8][9]

In September 2006, Brighton & Hove bus company honoured Fr. Enraght's memory by naming one of their new fleet buses after him.[10]

Edward Vaughan Hyde Kenealy QC (1819–1880) was an Irish born barrister, writer and poet who lived in Wellington Road, Portslade with his wife and eleven children from the 1850s until the mid-1870s. Kenealy commuted to London and Oxford for his law practice but returned at weekends and other times to be with his family.[11][12]

He chose Portslade because of his love of the sea, of which he wrote: "Oh, how I am delighted with this sea-scenery and with my little marine hut ! The musical waves, the ethereal atmosphere, all make me feel as in the olden golden days when I was a boy and dreamed of Heaven". While living in Portslade he wrote the greater portion of his theological works.[12]

Kenealy came to national prominence in 1874 when he acted as leading counsel for the Tichborne Claimant, which became one of the most notorious trials in 19th century British legal history, leading to Kenealy being disbarred from his profession on account of his aggressive, confrontational style.[13] In 1875 Kenealy became Member of Parliament for Stoke-on-Trent, which held until he lost his seat in the General Election of March 1880.[13] Edward Kenealy died on 16 April 1880 and was buried in St Helen's churchyard Hangleton, at the time of his death St Nicolas' Portslade and St Helen's Hangleton were united as one Parish under the care of the Vicar of Portslade.

Amenities[edit]

Education[edit]

Portslade encompasses Portslade Aldridge Community Academy.

Rail transport[edit]

Portslade railway station is located on the West Coastway Line west of Aldrington and east of Fishersgate, Southwick and Shoreham-by-Sea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bangs, Dave (2008). A freedom to roam Guide to the Brighton Downs : from Shoreham to Newhaven and Beeding to Lewes. Brighton: David Bangs. ISBN 978-0-9548638-1-4. OCLC 701098669.
  2. ^ Wilkinson, K.N., 2003. Colluvial deposits in dry valleys of southern England as proxy indicators of paleoenvironmental and land‐use change. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 18(7), pp.725-755.
  3. ^ "NOVVS PORTVS?". Roman-Britain.ORG. 14 June 2005. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  4. ^ "Portslade Town Hall" (PDF). Brighton & Hove Council. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  5. ^ Enquire Within upon Everything (1939) 119th Edition. "Enraght" is pronounced as "en-rout".
  6. ^ Crockford's Clerical Directory (1897)
  7. ^ R.W. Enraght (1883) My Prosecution.
  8. ^ F.C. Ewer (1880) Sermon on the Imprisonment of English Priests for Conscience Sake (Preached in St Ignatius Church, New York, on the fourth Sunday in Advent, 1880)
  9. ^ William Pitt McCune. (1964) History of the Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament in the United States of America
  10. ^ "Names on the buses: 905 Rev Richard Enraght". Brighton & Hove Bus Company website. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  11. ^ Melville's Directory of Sussex, 1858
  12. ^ a b Kenealy. A. (ed.) (2006) [1908]."Memoirs of Edward Vaughn Kenealy. London: Kessinger. ISBN 1-4254-8405-0."
  13. ^ a b [Anon.] (1911) " Edward Vaughan Hyde Kenealy., Encyclopædia Britannica ",

External links[edit]

Media related to Portslade at Wikimedia Commons