Portsmouth, Rhode Island

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Portsmouth, Rhode Island
Portsmouth welcome sign
Portsmouth welcome sign
Location of Portsmouth in Newport County, Rhode Island
Location of Portsmouth in Newport County, Rhode Island
Coordinates: 41°36′N 71°15′W / 41.600°N 71.250°W / 41.600; -71.250
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountyNewport
EstablishedMarch 7, 1638
Government
 • Town CouncilKeith E. Hamilton (R), President
Kevin M. Aguiar (D), Vice-President
David M. Gleason (I)
Paul F. Kesson (R)
Elizabeth A. Pedro (R)
J. Mark Ryan (D)
Linda L. Ujifusa (D)
 • Town ClerkJennifer M. West (D)
Area
 • Total59.3 sq mi (153.6 km2)
 • Land23.2 sq mi (60.1 km2)
 • Water36.1 sq mi (93.5 km2)
Elevation
203 ft (62 m)
Population
 • Total17,389
 • Density749.5/sq mi (289.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
02871
Area code(s)401
FIPS code44-57880[1]
GNIS feature ID1220065[2]
Websitewww.portsmouthri.com

Portsmouth is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island, USA. The population was 17,389 at the 2010 U.S. Census. Portsmouth is the second oldest municipality in Rhode Island, after Providence; it was one of the four colonies which merged to form the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, the others being Providence, Newport, and Warwick.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.3 square miles (154 km2), of which, only 23.2 square miles (60 km2) (39.14%) of it is land and 36.1 square miles (93 km2) (60.86%) of it is water. Most of its land area lies on Aquidneck Island, which it shares with Middletown and Newport. In addition, Portsmouth encompasses some smaller islands, including Prudence Island, Patience Island, Hope Island, and Hog Island.

Portsmouth Compact memorial at Founder's Brook.

History[edit]

Portsmouth was settled in 1638 by a group of religious dissenters from Massachusetts Bay Colony, including Dr. John Clarke, William Coddington, and Anne Hutchinson. It is named after Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. Roger Williams convinced the settlers that they should go there instead of settling in the Province of New Jersey, where they had first planned on going.

It was founded by the signers of the Portsmouth Compact. Its original Indian name was Pocasset, and it was officially named Portsmouth on May 12, 1639. It became part of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (see Aquidneck Island) and eventually part of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

Schools[edit]

Public[edit]

Portsmouth School Department operates public schools:

  • Portsmouth High School
  • Portsmouth Middle School
  • Howard W. Hathaway Elementary School
  • Melville Elementary School
  • Prudence Island School (a Charter/Co-op "Home School" as of September 2009)

Private[edit]

  • Portsmouth Abbey School (9th Grade through 12th Grade)
  • Saint Philomena School (Pre-Kindergarten through 8th Grade)
  • The Pennfield School (Nursery through 8th Grade)
The Mount Hope Bridge, connecting Portsmouth with Bristol, Rhode Island.

Commerce[edit]

Since 1980, Portsmouth has been home to Clements' Market, a large supermarket. In addition, Portsmouth is home to the Portsmouth Business Park, as well as a few small plazas with a variety of businesses. Portsmouth is also home to a branch of Raytheon, and its Integrated Defense Systems department.

Sports[edit]

Portsmouth is the headquarters of US Sailing, the National Governing Body of Sailing in the U.S.[3] Portsmouth is also home to the Newport International Polo Series held at Glen Farm.[4] Portsmouth is also home to the Portsmouth Pirates, the town's soccer team. Portsmouth High School also has very successful football, basketball, baseball and soccer teams. All four teams are regularly in the top 5 teams in the state.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,560
18001,6847.9%
18101,7956.6%
18201,645−8.4%
18301,7275.0%
18401,706−1.2%
18501,8337.4%
18602,04811.7%
18702,003−2.2%
18801,979−1.2%
18901,949−1.5%
19002,1058.0%
19102,68127.4%
19202,590−3.4%
19302,96914.6%
19403,68324.0%
19506,57878.6%
19608,25125.4%
197012,52151.8%
198014,25713.9%
199016,85718.2%
200017,1491.7%
201017,3891.4%
Est. 201517,373[5]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6][7]

2000 U.S. Census[edit]

The 2000 U.S. Census[1] reported that there were 17,149 people, or an increase of 1.7%, residing in the town. There were also 6,758 households, and 4,865 families recorded. The population density was 739.0 people per square mile (285.3/km²). There were 7,386 housing units at an average density of 318.3 per square mile (122.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.82% White, 1.17% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population.

There were 6,758 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $88,835, and the median income for a family was $108,577. Males had a median income of $46,297 versus $31,745 for females. The per capita income for the town was $46,161. About 2.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 U.S. Census[edit]

The 2010 U.S. Census[1] reported that there were 17,349 people, or an increase of 1.15%, residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 94.57% White, 1.35% African American, 1.58% Asian, 0.21% American Indian or Alaskan Native, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.40% of some other race, and 1.86% of two or more races.

In the town, 22.98% of the population was under the age of 18 and 16.47% were 65 years of age or older. Females made up 51.03% of the population.

The 1725 schoolhouse owned by the Portsmouth Historical Society is one of the oldest surviving in the U.S.

Historic sites[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "United States Sailing Association - The National Governing Body for the Sport of Sailing". United States Sailing Association.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2000. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  7. ^ Snow, Edwin M. (1867). Report upon the Census of Rhode Island 1865. Providence, RI: Providence Press Company.
  8. ^ Severo, Richard. "Betty Hutton, Film Star of 1940s and 1950s, Dies at 86".
  9. ^ https://archive.org/details/historicstrainof02trac/page/n3
  10. ^ "Leadership | Bryant University". www.bryant.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-17.

Further reading[edit]

  • Garman, James E. (1996). Traveling Around Aquidneck Island 1890–1930. Portsmouth: Hamilton Printing. ISBN 0-9631722-6-3.
  • Pierce, John T. (1991). Historical Tracts of the Town of Portsmouth. Portsmouth: Hamilton Printing. ISBN 0-9631722-0-4.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°36′N 71°15′W / 41.600°N 71.250°W / 41.600; -71.250