Portuguese Africans

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Portuguese Africans (Portuguese: luso-africanos) are Portuguese people born or permanently settled in Africa (they should not be confused with Portuguese of Black African ancestry). The largest Portuguese African population lives in Portugal numbering over 1 million with large and important minorities living in South Africa, Namibia and the Portuguese-speaking African countries (Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea).The descendants of the Portuguese settlers who were born and "raised" locally since Portuguese colonial time were called crioulos. Much of the original population is unnumbered having been assimilated into Portugal, Brazil, and other countries.

Guinea-Bissau became an independent country in 1974, followed by the rest of the colonies in 1975. Most Portuguese residents, for this reason, returned to Portugal, where they were called retornados. Some from Angola or Mozambique went to South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Botswana or the United States and Brazil or Europe.

When the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries was founded in 1996, some Portuguese and a number of Brazilians of Portuguese racial background arrived for economic and educational aid to the Portuguese-speaking African countries. Some of these Portuguese adopted them as their permanent home.

Most Portuguese Africans are Portuguese-South Africans, and Portuguese Angolans, mainly as a result of direct migration from Portugal, namely from Madeira.

Populations by country[edit]

Country Population Year
 Portugal 1,390,000 2010
 Angola 380,767 2010
 South Africa 450,000[1] 2021
 Mozambique 250,413 2010
 Malawi 19,000[2] 2020
 Cape Verde 18,561[3] 2020
 Zimbabwe 17,000[4] 2020
 Guinea-Bissau 10,314[5] 2020
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 6,100[6] 2020
 Zambia 5,600[7] 2020
 Namibia 4,783[8] 2018
 São Tomé and Príncipe 4,705[9] 2020
 Senegal 2,900[10] 2020
 Morocco 2,445[11] 2020
 Congo 1,485[12] 2019
 Tanzania 1,400[13] 2020
 Eswatini 1,026[14] 2014
 Kenya 782[15] 2014
 Algeria 515[16] 2019
 Botswana 466[17] 2019
 Egypt 229[18] 2020
 Tunisia 243[19] 2020
 Equatorial Guinea 134[20] 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Embaixador de Portugal na África do Sul insta os cerca de 450 mil portugueses no país a "ficarem em casa"".
  2. ^ "People of Malawi".
  3. ^ "Portugueses em Cabo Verde".
  4. ^ "People of Zimbabwe".
  5. ^ "Portugueses na Guiné Bissau".
  6. ^ "People of the DRC".
  7. ^ "People of Zambia".
  8. ^ "Portuguese in Namibia".
  9. ^ "Portugueses em São Tomé e Príncipe".
  10. ^ "People of Senegal".
  11. ^ "Portuguese in Morocco".
  12. ^ "Portuguese-born people in Congo".
  13. ^ "People of Tanzania".
  14. ^ "Portuguese in Eswatini".
  15. ^ "Portuguese in Kenya".
  16. ^ "Portuguese in Algeria".
  17. ^ "Portuguese-born people in Botswana".
  18. ^ "Portuguese in Egypt".
  19. ^ "Portuguese in Tunisia".
  20. ^ "Portuguese in Equatorial Guinea".