Portuguese Independent Heavy Artillery Corps

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Corpo de Artilharia Pesada Independente
Corps d'artillerie lourde portugais
Portuguese Independent Heavy Artillery Corps
Active1917–1918
CountryPortugal Portugal
AllegiancePortuguese Army
BranchHeavy artillery
TypeRegiment
Size1600
Training baseBailleul-sur-Thérain, France
Equipment320 mm, 240 mm and 190 mm railways guns
EngagementsWorld War One
Commanders
Commanding officer
(May 17, 1917 to January 15, 1918)
Colonel João Clímaco Homem Teles
Commanding officer
(January 15, 1918 to November 30, 1918)
Colonel Tristão da Câmara Pestana

The Portuguese Independent Heavy Artillery Corps (Corpo de Artilharia Pesada Indepedente in Portuguese, Corps d'artillerie lourde portugais in French), or the CAPI, was a Portuguese railway heavy artillery unit that operated on the Western Front, during World War One.

The CAPI was created in response to a request from France for artillery support. It was independent from the much larger and better known Portuguese Expeditionary Corps, which also fought on the Western Front. The unit operated 320-millimetre (12.6 in), 240-mm and 190-mm railway guns, which were supplied by Britain, and operated under the control of the French Army.[1] Most of the CAPI's personnel came from the Portuguese Army foot artillery branch, which in Portugal was responsible for manning the heavy guns of the coastal and garrison batteries. Other personnel came from the naval artillery.

Organization[edit]

The CAPI was made up of:

  • Headquarters and staff;
  • Three mixed groups (battalions);
  • Depot battery.

Each group consisted of three batteries, one of 320-mm guns, while the other two were equipped with either 190-mm or 240-mm guns.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sintra, Hugo Rodrigues. "France at War: Portugal in the Great War". Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2014.

External links[edit]