Portuguese Mexican

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Portuguese Mexican
luso-mexicano
Charrería en Tequixquiac (18).JPG
Total population
992 Portuguese nationals in Mexico (2015)[1]
Unknown number of Mexicans of Portuguese descent
Languages
Mexican Spanish, Portuguese
Religion
Roman Catholicism and Sephardic Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Portuguese people, Brazilian Mexicans

The Portuguese arrived in Mexico around the time of the Spanish colonial period. Many of them were sailors, conquistadors, clergy, and members of the military. Later Portuguese arrivals included pirates in conflict with Spanish leadership. Today, the country's largest Portuguese community is concentrated in Mexico City, especially in the Colonia Condesa, the home of many restaurants and bars popular with people of Portuguese descent.

History[edit]

The first Portuguese to arrive in New Spain was Sebastián Rodriguez de Oliveira, a companion of Hernán Cortés. The Portuguese were a significant presence in New Spain, particularly during the Iberian Union. A notable portion of the immigrants were Portuguese Sephardi Jews fleeing the Spanish Inquisition.[2]

Portuguese immigrants had no difficulty adapting into New Spanish society because they were Catholics and accountable to the Spanish Crown for taxation. During the Mexican War of Independence, Mexicans did not distinguish between Spanish and Portuguese colonists who were on the side of the Spanish Crown, many of whom were killed or expelled. Only those who wanted to remain loyal to The Spanish Crown were expelled or returned to the Iberian Peninsula, while others stayed and integrated into Mexican society remained and lost touch with the Old World.

Portuguese immigrants were granted preferential naturalization times (requiring two years of residence instead of five) in 1993.[3] The preferential naturalization time was granted due to historical and cultural connections and was previously given to Latin Americans (1917) and Spaniards (1939).

According to the 2000 Censo General de Población y Vivienda, there were 311 Portuguse-born residents of Mexico.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Migration Database". OECD. Retrieved 17 July 2017. Country of birth/nationality: Portugal, Variable: Stock of foreign population by nationality 
  2. ^ Presencia portuguesa en México Colonial Miguel León-Portilla.
  3. ^ FitzGerald, David Scott; Cook-Martín, David (2014). Culling the Masses. Harvard University Press. p. 220. ISBN 0674729048. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Población inmigrante residente en México según país de nacimiento - CONAPO". omi.gob.mx. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 

External links[edit]