Portuguese legislative election, 1983

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Portuguese legislative election, 1983
Portugal
← 1980 25 April 1983 1985 →

250 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
125 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Mário Soares 1975 (cropped).jpg No image.png
Leader Mário Soares Carlos Mota Pinto
Party PS PSD
Leader since 19 April 1973 presumptive
Leader's seat Lisbon[1] Coimbra[2]
Last election 74 seats, 27.8%1 134 seats, 47.6%2
Seats won 101 75
Seat change Increase 27 Decrease 59
Popular vote 2,061,309 1,554,804
Percentage 36.1% 27.2%
Swing Increase 8.3% Decrease 20.4%

Pt plelection 1983.PNG
The first and the second most voted parties in each district
(Azores and Madeira are not shown)

Prime Minister before election

Francisco Pinto Balsemão
PSD

Elected Prime Minister

Mário Soares
PS

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1983 took place on 25 April. The last election, in October 1980 had been won by a right-wing coalition, the Democratic Alliance and Francisco Sá Carneiro had retained office as Prime Minister with an increased majority. However, Sá Carneiro, along with other important members of the coalition, died in an aircrash only two months after the election, on 5 December 1980. Such happenings caused a massive political instability and Francisco Pinto Balsemão, a senior official of the Social Democratic Party, the largest party in the Alliance, became Prime Minister. But Balsemão lacked support from such senior members of his party as Aníbal Cavaco Silva, and several ministers resigned. Moreover, the right-wing policy was criticized by the left-wing and by the trade unions, and in February, the General Confederation of the Portuguese Workers, with the support of the Communists, called for a general strike that shook the government. The wave of resignations among Balsemão's ministers continued and by the end of the year, he also resigned. Because no one inside the Social Democratic Party accepted the office of Prime Minister, the President Ramalho Eanes dissolved the Parliament and called an election for April.

The election was won by the Socialist Party with 36%, and Mário Soares was nominated Prime Minister. However, the Socialists lacked a majority in the Assembly of the Republic and were forced to form a coalition with the Social Democrats, in what was called the "Central Block". Although this coalition allowed Soares to govern, several members of both parties were against it, and internal attacks led to the collapse of the coalition after less than two years. In the election that followed, the Communist-dominated United People Alliance lost 3 MPs and the Democratic and Social Center, after the dissolution of the Democratic Alliance, was now alone in the Parliament with 30 MPs, a loss of 16. The election marked the beginning of a process of bi-polarization of Portuguese politics.

This was the last legislative election to be won by the Socialist Party until 1995.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved and the respective leaders:

Mário Soares, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister.

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 25 April 1983 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± Seats
1980 1983 ± % ±
Socialist[A] 2,061,309 36.11 Increase8.41 741 101 Increase271 40.40 Increase10.81
Social Democratic[B] 1,554,804 27.24 N/A 82 75 Decrease7 30.00 Decrease2.8
United People Alliance[C] 1,031,609 18.07 Increase1.3 41 44 Increase3 17.60 Increase1.2
Democratic and Social Centre[B] 716,705 12.56 N/A 46 30 Decrease16 12.00 Decrease6.4
Christian Democratic Party 39,180 0.69 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A
People's Monarchist Party[B] 27,635 0.48 N/A 6 0 Decrease6 0.00 Decrease2.4
People's Democratic Union 27,260 0.48 Decrease0.9 1 0 Decrease1 0.00 Decrease0.4
People's Democratic Union / PSR 25,222 0.44 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A
Workers' Communist Party 20,995 0.37 Decrease0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 19,657 0.34 Decrease1.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0
Revolutionary Socialist Party 13,327 0.23 Decrease0.8 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0
Socialist Workers League 11,500 0.20 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A
OCMLP 6,113 0.11 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic 5,523 0.10 Decrease0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0
Communist Party (Reconstructed)[D] 86 0.00 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A
Total valid 5,561,011 97.43 Decrease0.3 250 250 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 42,494 0.74 Increase0.1
Invalid ballots 104,276 1.83 Increase0.1
Total (turnout 77.79%) 5,707,695 100.00 Decrease6.1
A The Socialist Party contested the 1980 election in a coalition (Republican and Socialist Front).
B The Social Democratic Party, the Democratic and Social Centre and the People's Monarchist Party contested, together, the 1980
election in a coalition (Democratic Alliance).
C Portuguese Communist Party (41 MPs) and Portuguese Democratic Movement (3 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
D Communist Party (Reconstructed) list only in Europe and Rest of the World.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições, Mapa oficial. D.R. n.º 121, Suplemento, Série I de 1983-05-26

1 Socialist Party results are compared to the combined totals of the Republican and Socialist Front in the 1980 election.
2 Social Democratic Party results are compared to the combined totals of the Democratic Alliance in the 1980 election.

Vote share
PS
  
36.11%
PSD
  
27.24%
APU
  
18.07%
CDS
  
12.56%
PDC
  
0.69%
Others
  
2.75%
Blank/Invalid
  
2.57%
Parliamentary seats
PS
  
40.40%
PSD
  
30.00%
APU
  
17.60%
CDS
  
12.00%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

e • d Results of the 1983 election of the Portuguese Assembly of the
Republic
by constituency
Constituency % S % S % S % S Total
S
PS PSD APU CDS
Azores 31.1 2 54.4 3 3.1 - 4.7 - 5
Aveiro 36.6 6 34.8 6 7.0 1 16.4 2 15
Beja 28.0 2 11.8 - 49.4 3 4.1 - 5
Braga 39.7 7 27.0 5 8.8 1 18.3 3 16
Bragança 30.4 1 35.8 2 4.8 - 20.9 1 4
Castelo Branco 37.1 3 30.6 2 11.3 - 13.2 1 6
Coimbra 45.3 6 27.8 3 10.7 1 10.2 1 11
EvoraÉvora 23.9 1 18.6 1 47.6 3 4.5 - 5
Faro 43.2 5 23.1 2 18.6 2 7.4 - 9
Guarda 33.5 2 31.5 2 4.9 - 23.8 1 5
Leiria 32.7 4 35.6 4 9.5 1 16.2 2 11
Lisbon 35.8 21 21.8 13 25.3 15 11.7 7 56
Madeira 24.4 1 56.2 4 2.8 - 8.2 - 5
Portalegre 38.5 2 19.1 1 28.7 1 7.5 - 4
Porto 43.0 18 26.2 10 13.6 5 12.5 5 38
Santarém 38.4 5 24.7 3 20.0 3 10.0 1 12
Setúbal 30.6 6 12.7 2 45.8 8 5.1 1 17
Viana do Castelo 32.5 2 32.6 3 9.9 - 18.4 1 6
Vila Real 32.3 2 42.0 3 5.4 - 12.7 1 6
Viseu 30.9 4 36.6 4 4.6 - 20.7 2 10
zEurope 33.6 1 31.2 1 17.1 - 11.1 - 2
zRest of the World 7.0 - 48.2 1 2.8 - 34.1 1 2
Total 36.1 101 27.2 75 18.1 44 12.6 30 250
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]