Portuguese legislative election, 1991

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Portuguese legislative election, 1991
Portugal
← 1987 6 October 1991 1995 →

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Aníbal Cavaco Silva 2014.jpg Jorge Sampaio 3.jpg
Leader Aníbal Cavaco Silva Jorge Sampaio
Party PSD PS
Leader since 2 June 1985 15 January 1989
Leader's seat Lisbon[1] Lisbon[2]
Last election 148 seats, 50.2% 60 seats, 22.2%
Seats won 135 72
Seat change Decrease 13 Increase 12
Popular vote 2,902,351 1,670,758
Percentage 50.6% 29.1%
Swing Increase 0.4% Increase 6.9%

Prime Minister before election

Aníbal Cavaco Silva
PSD

Elected Prime Minister

Aníbal Cavaco Silva
PSD

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1991 took place on 6 October. The Social Democratic Party, under the lead of Cavaco Silva, won a historic third term and won with an absolute majority for the second consecutive turn, achieving a higher share than in the previous election, losing, however, 13 MPs due to the reduction of the overall number from the original 250 to 230. Cavaco Silva became the first Prime Minister since Hintze Ribeiro in 1904 to lead a party into three successive democratic election victories.

The Socialist Party, at the time led by Jorge Sampaio, the future President of Portugal, increased the share by 7% and gained 12 MPs, but did not manage to avoid the absolute majority of the Social Democrats. In the first legislative election after the fall of the Eastern Bloc, the communist dominated Democratic Unity Coalition lost much of its electoral influence, losing 14 MPs and 4% of the voting.

On the right, the CDS could not recover its past influence, mainly to the effect of tactical voting for the Social Democratic Party by right-wing voters, increasing its parliamentary group by only 1 MP. The National Solidarity Party, using a populist campaign, achieved for the first time an MP, in what would be the only presence of such party in the Parliament.

Voter turnout fell to 67.8%, and for the first time below 70% of the electorate.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved and the respective leaders:

Aníbal Cavaco Silva, leader of the Social Democratic Party, was nominated Prime Minister for the third consecutive time.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1987 and 1991 for reference.

Note, until 2000, the publication of opinion polls in the last week of the campaign was forbidden.

Date Released Polling Firm PSD PS CDU CDS Others Lead
6 Oct 1991 Leg. Election 50.6
135 seats
29.1
72 seats
8.8
17 seats
4.4
5 seats
7.1
1 seat
21.5
6 Oct RTP1 - Universidade Católica 48.0 – 51.9 28.5 – 31.5 7.5 – 10.0 4.5 – 5.5
19.5 – 20.4
6 Oct TSF/Expresso - Euroexpansão 45.8 – 50.2 29.8 – 33.9 6.8 – 9.1 3.7 – 5.5
16.0 – 16.3
6 Oct Antena1 - Euroteste 47.0 – 50.0 31.0 – 34.0 7.5 – 10.0 4.0 – 5.0
16.0
6 Oct Rádio Comercial - GEOIDEIA 49.0 – 52.0 29.0 – 31.0 7.0 – 9.0 3.0 – 4.0
20.0 – 21.0
6 Oct Rádio Press 45.5 35.0 9.6 4.5
10.5
Exit polls
28 Sep Euroteste 47.3 35.5 8.5 4.1 4.6 11.8
28 Sep Euroteste 46.0 37.0 9.7 3.9 3.4 9.0
28 Sep Euroexpansão 44.0 33.0 9.0 6.0 8.0 11.0
27 Sep Marktest 43.1 32.8 7.7 4.6 11.8 10.3
27 Sep Pluriteste 41.2 34.7 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.5
20 Sep Euroteste 45.6 35.5 10.0 4.4 4.5 10.1
20 Sep Marktest 41.9 31.9 7.3 4.4 14.5 10.0
16 Sep Pluriteste 39.2 26.6 6.2 6.0 22.0 12.6
16 Sep Euroteste 45.1 34.5 10.2 5.2 5.0 10.6
14 Sep Norma 45.0 37.5 11.2 3.5 2.8 7.5
28 Aug Euroexpansão/Marktest 35.3 36.8 8.7 4.9 14.3 1.5
4 Aug Euroteste/JN 47.5 37.8 12.3 8.2 N/A 7.7
1991
19 Jul 1987 Leg. Election 50.2
148 seats
22.2
60 seats
12.1
31 seats
4.4
4 seats
11.1
7 seats
28.0

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 6 October 1991 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
1987 1991 ± % ±
Social Democratic 2,902,351 50.60 Increase0.4 148 135 Decrease13 58.70 Decrease0.5 1.16
Socialist 1,670,758 29.13 Increase6.9 60 72 Increase12 31.30 Increase7.3 1.07
Democratic Unity Coalition[A] 504,583 8.80 Decrease3.3 31 17 Decrease14 7.39 Decrease5.0 0.84
Democratic and Social Centre 254,317 4.43 Decrease0.0 4 5 Increase1 2.17 Increase0.6 0.49
National Solidarity Party 96,096 1.68 N/A N/A 1 N/A 0.44 N/A 0.39
Revolutionary Socialist Party 64,159 1.12 Increase0.5 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers' Communist Party 48,542 0.85 Increase0.5 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Renewal 35,077 0.61 Decrease4.3 7 0 Decrease7 0.00 Decrease2.8 0.0
People's Monarchist Party 25,216 0.44 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic 10,842 0.19 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Left Revolutionary Front 6,661 0.12 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
People's Democratic Union[B] 6,157 0.11 Decrease0.8 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,624,759 98.07 Increase0.3 250 230 Decrease20 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 47,652 0.83 Decrease0.1
Invalid ballots 63,020 1.10 Decrease0.2
Total (turnout 67.78%) 5,735,431 100.00 Decrease3.8
A Portuguese Communist Party (15 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
B People's Democratic Union electoral list only in Madeira and Azores.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PSD
  
50.60%
PS
  
29.13%
CDU
  
8.80%
CDS
  
4.43%
PSN
  
1.68%
PSR
  
1.12%
PCTP/MRPP
  
0.85%
PRD
  
0.61%
Others/Invalides
  
2.79%
Parliamentary seats
PSD
  
58.70%
PS
  
31.30%
CDU
  
7.39%
CDS
  
2.17%
PSN
  
0.43%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

e • d Results of the 1991 election of the Portuguese Assembly of the Republic
by constituency
Constituency % S % S % S % S % S Total
S
PSD PS CDU CDS PSN
Azores 64.1 4 25.8 1 1.3 - 3.4 - 5
Aveiro 58.6 9 27.8 4 2.8 - 6.1 1 1.3 - 14
Beja 29.3 1 28.4 1 30.4 2 2.3 - 1.0 - 4
Braga 53.6 10 31.5 5 4.6 - 5.6 1 0.8 - 16
Bragança 57.9 3 25.7 1 2.1 - 8.2 - 1.5 - 4
Castelo Branco 51.8 3 32.4 2 4.6 - 3.9 - 2.3 - 5
Coimbra 49.9 6 34.4 4 5.0 - 3.5 - 1.7 - 10
EvoraÉvora 35.0 2 25.9 1 27.1 1 2.8 - 1.4 - 4
Faro 50.8 5 31.2 3 7.2 - 2.8 - 2.2 - 8
Guarda 58.6 3 26.8 1 2.3 - 5.9 - 1.3 - 4
Leiria 61.2 7 23.0 3 4.5 - 4.8 - 1.4 - 10
Lisbon 45.3 25 29.7 16 12.2 6 4.0 2 2.6 1 50
Madeira 62.4 4 20.2 1 1.0 - 6.1 - 1.9 - 5
Portalegre 38.9 2 33.5 1 15.2 - 3.3 - 1.8 - 3
Porto 51.3 21 32.9 13 6.4 2 4.1 1 1.1 - 37
Santarém 49.1 6 29.4 3 9.8 1 3.3 - 2.2 - 10
Setúbal 34.7 6 28.4 5 24.9 5 2.7 - 2.4 - 16
Viana do Castelo 56.9 4 25.2 2 5.0 - 7.2 - 1.2 - 6
Vila Real 60.6 4 26.0 2 2.6 - 5.1 - 1.2 - 6
Viseu 64.3 7 19.4 2 2.1 - 6.3 - 1.3 - 9
zEurope 53.7 1 31.9 1 7.8 - 3.0 - 2
zRest of the World 77.3 2 4.9 - 1.0 - 14.6 - 2
Total 50.6 135 29.1 72 8.8 17 4.4 5 1.7 1 230
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]