Portuguese legislative election, 1999

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Portuguese legislative election, 1999
Portugal
1995 ←
10 October 1999 → 2002

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Antonio Guterres 1-1.jpg Jose Manuel BarrosoCROPPED.jpg
Leader António Guterres José Manuel Barroso
Party Socialist Social Democratic
Leader since 23 February 1992 27 May 1999
Leader's seat Castelo Branco[1] Lisbon[2]
Last election 112 seats, 43.8% 88 seats, 34.1%
Seats won 115 81
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 7
Popular vote 2,385,922 1,750,158
Percentage 44.1% 32.3%
Swing Increase 0.3% Decrease 1.8%

Prime Minister before election

Guterres
Socialist

Prime Minister-elect

Guterres
Socialist

Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal

The Portuguese legislative election of 1999 took place on 10 October. The Socialist Party was aiming a second term under the lead of António Guterres, in the end the Socialist Party won the election, but missed what would be an historical absolute majority for the party by only one MP.

The Social Democratic party under the lead of José Manuel Durão Barroso was still away from the preferences of the majority of the Portuguese people, after the ten years cycle under the lead of Cavaco Silva that had terminated four years before. The Democratic Unity Coalition achieved an important climb in the scorecard, against those who predicted its irreversible decline after the end of the Socialist Bloc in the early 1990s. For the first time, the Left Bloc, formed after the merger of several minor left-wing parties became represented in the parliament after electing two MPs. Turnout in this election was very low, only being surpassed in 2009 and 2011 when turnout was just less than 60%.

Voter turnout reached only 61% of voters, one of the lowest ever recorded.

Parties[edit]

The major parties involved were listed with their leaders:

António Guterres, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister for the second time, and missed the absolute majority by one MP, achieving exactly half of the 230 MPs.

Opinion polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 1995 and 1999 for reference.

Note, until 2000, the publication of opinion polls in the last week of the campaign was forbidden.

116 seats needed for a majority
Date Released Polling institute Socialist Social Democratic Green-Communist People's
Party
Left Bloc Lead
10 October 1999 Election Results 44.1%
115 seats
32.3%
81 seats
9.0%
17 seats
8.3%
15 seats
2.4%
2 seats
11.8%
2 October 1999 Euroexpansão 50.0% 32.0% 6.0% 8.0% 2.0% 18.0%
1 October 1999 SEEDS 47.0% 32.0% 8.0% 7.0% 1.0% 15.0%
1 October 1999 Metris 48.0% 31.0% 7.0% 7.0% 1.0% 17.0%
1 October 1999 Universidade Católica 47.2% 30.0% 7.9% 7.2% 2.8% 17.2%
30 September 1999 Marktest 46.2% 30.7% 10.6% 4.2% 2.8% 15.5%
30 September 1999 Aximage 49.0% 33.0% 7.0% 6.0% 1.0% 16.0%
1 October 1995 1995 election 43.8%
112 seats
34.1%
88 seats
8.6%
15 seats
9.1%
15 seats
9.7%

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 10 October 1999 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
1995 1999 ± % ±
Socialist 2,385,922 44.06 Increase0.3 112 115 Increase3 50.00 Increase1.3 1.13
Social Democratic 1,750,158 32.32 Decrease1.8 88 81 Decrease7 35.22 Decrease3.1 1.09
Democratic Unity Coalition[A] 487,058 8.99 Increase0.4 15 17 Increase2 7.39 Increase0.9 0.82
People's 451,643 8.34 Decrease0.7 15 15 Steady0 6.52 Steady0.0 0.78
Left Bloc 132,333 2.44 2 0.87 0.36
Workers' Communist Party 40,006 0.74 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Earth Party 19,938 0.37 Increase0.3 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
People's Monarchist Party 16,522 0.31 0 0.00 0.0
National Solidarity Party 11,488 0.21 Steady0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Humanist Party 7,346 0.14 0 0.00 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 4,104 0.08 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic[B] 438 0.01 Decrease0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,306,956 98.00 Decrease0.1 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 56,964 1.05 Increase0.3
Invalid ballots 51,230 0.95 Decrease0.1
Total (turnout 61.09%) 5,415,102 100.00 Decrease5.2
A Portuguese Communist Party (15 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[3]
B Democratic Party of the Atlantic electoral list only in Azores.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PS
  
44.06%
PSD
  
32.32%
CDU
  
8.99%
CDS-PP
  
8.34%
BE
  
2.44%
Others/Invalides
  
3.86%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]