Portuguese legislative election, 2005

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Portuguese legislative election, 2005
Portugal
← 2002 20 February 2005 2009 →

230 seats to the Portuguese Assembly
116 seats needed for a majority
Registered 8,944,508 Increase0.5%
Turnout 5,747,834 (64.3%)
Increase2.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  José Sócrates 2006b (cropped).jpg Pedro Santana Lopes 01.jpg Jerónimo de Sousa 2007b (cropped).jpg
Leader José Sócrates Pedro Santana Lopes Jerónimo de Sousa
Party PS PSD CDU
Leader since 24 September 2004 29 June 2004 27 November 2004
Leader's seat Castelo Branco[2] Lisbon[3] Lisbon[1]
Last election 96 seats, 37.8% 105 seats, 40.2% 12 seats, 6.9%
Seats won 121 75 14
Seat change Increase 25 Decrease 30 Increase2
Popular vote 2,588,312 1,653,425 433,369
Percentage 45.0% 28.8% 7.5%
Swing Increase 7.2% Decrease 11.4% Increase 0.6%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Paulo Portas 2009 (cropped).jpg Francisco Louçã 2009 (cropped).jpg
Leader Paulo Portas Francisco Louçã
Party CDS–PP BE
Leader since 22 March 1998 24 March 1999
Leader's seat Aveiro[4] Lisbon[5]
Last election 14 seats, 8.7% 3 seats, 2.7%
Seats won 12 8
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase5
Popular vote 416,415 364,971
Percentage 7.2% 6.4%
Swing Decrease 1.5% Increase 3.6%

Pt plelection 2005.PNG
The first and the second most voted parties in each district
(Azores and Madeira are not shown)

Prime Minister before election

Pedro Santana Lopes
PSD

Elected Prime Minister

José Sócrates
PS

Coat of arms of Portugal
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Portugal
Constitution
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The Portuguese legislative election of 2005 took place on 20 February. These elections were called after the decision of President Jorge Sampaio on 30 November 2004 to dissolve the Parliament as an answer to the political instability caused by the government led by Pedro Santana Lopes (PSD) in coalition with the PP. Santana Lopes had become Prime Minister in July 2004, after José Manuel Durão Barroso left the country in order to become President of the European Commission in a decision that divided the country, because many Portuguese were expecting that the Socialist President Jorge Sampaio would dissolve the Parliament and call a legislative election. However, after five unstable months, President Sampaio decided to dissolve Parliament and call fresh elections. The Prime Minister nevertheless announced the resignation of the government on 11 December, in an action with no practical effects whatsoever.

The campaign started officially on 6 February and the major topics were the problematic state of the country's finances, unemployment, abortion and even José Sócrates's alleged homossexuality.[6][7]

Headed by Sócrates, the centre-left Socialist Party (PS) won the election with a landslide victory, winning in 19 of the 22 electoral constituencies, including in districts (such as Viseu and Bragança) that historically voted for the right. The Socialist Party conquered its first absolute majority, receiving 45% of the electorate vote and 52% of the seats in the Parliament. The centre-right parties, mainly the Social Democrats, were punished for their performance in government, and lost more than 11% of votes they had garnered in the previous election. On the left, the Left Bloc achieved its best result ever and made the biggest climb, gaining 5 MPs, while the CDU (Communists and the Greens) gained 2 MPs and reversed their downward trend of the last elections.

Voter turnout was the highest since 1995, as 64.3% of the electorate cast a ballot.

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of the Portuguese Republic consists of a single chamber, the Assembly of the Republic, composed of 230 members directly elected by universal adult suffrage for a maximum term of four years. Assembly members represent the entire country, rather than the constituencies in which they were elected. Governments require majority support in the Assembly in order to remain in office.

Each one of Portugal's eighteen administrative districts, as well as each one of the country's two autonomous regions - the Azores and Madeira - is an electoral constituency. Portuguese voters residing outside the national territory are grouped into two electoral constituencies - Europe and the rest of the world - each one of which elects two Assembly members. The remaining 226 seats are allocated among the national territory constituencies in proportion to their number of registered electors.

Political parties and party coalitions may present lists of candidates. The lists are closed, so electors may not choose individual candidates in or alter the order of such lists. Electors cast a ballot for a single list. The seats in each constituency are divided among parties according to the largest average method of proportional representation (PR), conceived by the Belgian mathematician Victor d'Hondt in 1899. Although there is no statutory threshold for participation in the allocation of Assembly seats, there is an effective threshold at the constituency level that depends on the district magnitude.[8] The use of the d'Hondt method makes for a higher effective threshold than certain other allocation method such as the Hare quota or Sainte-Laguë method, which are more generous to small parties.[9]

Parties[edit]

The parties that partook in the election, and their leaders, were:

With 230 seats the results are:

José Sócrates, leader of the Socialist Party, was nominated Prime Minister.

Opinion Polling[edit]

See also: Exit poll and Opinion poll

The following table shows the opinion polls of voting intention of the Portuguese voters before the election. Those parties that are listed are currently represented in parliament. Included is also the result of the Portuguese general elections in 2002 and 2005 for reference.

Date Released Polling Firm PS PSD CDS-PP CDU BE Others Lead
20 Feb 2005 Leg. Election 45.0
121 seats
28.8
75 seats
7.2
12 seats
7.5
14 seats
6.4
8 seats
5.1
0 seats
16.2
18 Feb 2005 Aximage 46.8 29.6 7.3 7.0 5.5 3.8 17.2
18 Feb 2005 Marktest 46.0 26.8 7.5 8.9 7.7 3.1 19.2
18 Feb 2005 Eurosondagem 45.0 30.6 7.7 7.7 5.7 3.3 14.4
18 Feb 2005 IPOM 46.0 30.0 8.0 6.0 7.0 3.0 16.0
18 Feb 2005 INTERCAMPUS 45.9 30.3 7.1 7.6 5.2 3.9 15.6
17 Feb 2005 TNS/Euroteste 39.0 28.0 7.0 6.0 6.0 14.0 11.0
17 Feb 2005 Universidade Católica 46.0 31.0 6.0 7.0 7.0 3.0 15.0
12 Feb 2005 Eurosondagem 44.4 31.3 7.4 6.9 6.4 3.6 13.1
11 Feb 2005 Aximage 44.7 27.4 6.4 7.1 4.8 9.6 17.3
4 Feb 2005 IPOM 49.0 31.0 8.0 6.0 5.0 1.0 18.0
4 Feb 2005 Aximage 43.5 29.3 7.0 5.6 3.5 11.1 14.2
3 Feb 2005 INTERCAMPUS 46.5 31.6 4.8 8.1 4.5 4.5 14.9
29 Jan 2005 Eurosondagem 46.1 32.1 7.0 6.6 4.6 3.6 14.0
28 Jan 2005 Marktest 45.1 27.7 6.3 7.7 8.1 5.1 17.5
28 Jan 2005 Aximage 43.3 27.4 6.3 5.8 5.0 12.2 15.9
28 Jan 2005 Universidade Católica 46.0 28.0 6.0 8.0 8.0 4.0 18.0
27 Jan 2005 TNS/Euroteste 40.0 32.0 6.0 4.0 5.0 13.0 8.0
21 Jan 2005 Aximage 42.8 28.7 7.1 6.2 4.3 10.9 14.1
Nov 2004 Marktest 49.3 32.4 2.1 6.4 5.8 4.0 16.9
Oct 2004 Marktest 49.3 28.4 3.3 8.2 6.7 4.1 20.9
Sep 2004 Marktest 46.4 34.5 1.6 8.8 5.4 3.3 11.9
Jul 2004 Marktest 45.4 36.8 2.7 6.3 5.7 3.1 8.6
Jun 2004 Marktest 47.6 29.9 2.6 5.5 10.0 4.4 17.7
13 Jun 2004 EP Election 44.5 33.3 w.PSD 9.1 4.9 8.2 11.2
May 2004 Marktest 43.5 36.5 1.5 5.2 6.3 7.0 7.0
Apr 2004 Marktest 41.9 36.5 2.6 7.3 6.9 4.8 5.4
Mar 2004 Marktest 43.9 34.9 3.8 6.9 5.7 4.8 9.0
Feb 2004 Marktest 42.2 38.7 2.3 6.6 6.4 3.8 3.5
17 Jan 2004 Aximage 38.6 36.5 4.4 4.6 3.8 12.1 2.1
17 Jan 2004 Eurosondagem 35.2 34.2 5.5 4.9 4.5 15.7 1.0
Jan 2004 Marktest 40.0 35.1 1.9 9.5 7.8 5.7 4.9
Nov 2003 Marktest 38.8 35.9 5.9 9.0 5.2 5.2 2.9
Oct 2003 Marktest 37.4 43.6 3.7 6.4 5.5 3.4 6.2
Sep 2003 Marktest 42.8 37.6 4.1 5.0 6.2 4.3 5.2
Jul 2003 Marktest 36.1 43.3 5.5 6.6 4.7 3.8 7.2
Jun 2003 Marktest 36.0 40.9 7.7 6.7 4.7 4.0 4.9
May 2003 Marktest 40.8 40.4 5.2 5.4 4.4 3.8 0.4
Apr 2003 Marktest 45.2 34.7 5.5 6.7 4.0 3.9 10.5
Feb 2003 Marktest 41.6 36.3 6.0 7.2 4.9 4.0 5.3
Jan 2003 Marktest 42.3 38.7 4.8 5.0 5.6 3.6 3.6
Nov 2002 Marktest 43.3 36.4 6.5 6.4 4.6 2.8 6.9
Oct 2002 Marktest 37.9 41.8 5.7 7.5 3.3 3.8 3.9
Sep 2002 Marktest 40.0 37.8 8.3 6.1 3.8 4.0 2.2
Jul 2002 Marktest 41.4 39.0 7.0 5.1 3.8 3.7 2.4
Jun 2002 Marktest 39.8 37.5 6.0 7.5 5.4 3.8 2.3
May 2002 Marktest 37.0 39.0 8.6 6.1 4.8 4.5 2.0
17 Mar 2002 Leg. Election 37.8
96 seats
40.2
105 seats
8.7
14 seats
6.9
12 seats
2.7
3 seats
3.7
3 seats
2.4

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 February 2005 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Parties Votes % ± MPs MPs %/
votes %
2002 2005 ± % ±
Socialist 2,588,312 45.03 Increase7.2 96 121 Increase25 52.61 Increase10.9 1.17
Social Democratic[A] 1,653,425 28.77 Decrease11.4 105 75 Decrease30 32.61 Decrease13.0 1.13
Unitary Democratic Coalition[B] 433,369 7.54 Increase0.6 12 14 Increase2 6.09 Increase0.9 0.81
People's 416,415 7.24 Decrease1.5 14 12 Decrease2 5.22 Decrease0.9 0.72
Left Bloc 364,971 6.35 Increase3.6 3 8 Increase5 3.48 Increase2.2 0.55
Portuguese Workers' Communist 48,186 0.84 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
New Democracy 40,358 0.70 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Humanist Party 17,056 0.30 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
National Renovator Party 9,374 0.16 Increase0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 5,535 0.10 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic[C] 1,681 0.03 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Total valid 5,578,782 97.06 Decrease1.0 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 103,537 1.80 Increase0.8
Invalid ballots 65,515 1.14 Increase0.2
Total (turnout 64.26%) 5,747,834 100.00 Increase2.8
A From the Social Democratic electoral lists were elected two MPs from the People's Monarchist Party and other two MPs from Earth Party.
B Portuguese Communist Party (12 MPs) and "The Greens" (2 MPs) ran in coalition.[10]
C Democratic Party of the Atlantic electoral list only in Azores.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
Vote share
PS
  
45.03%
PSD
  
28.77%
CDU
  
7.54%
CDS-PP
  
7.24%
BE
  
6.35%
PCTP/MRPP
  
0.84%
PND
  
0.70%
Others/Invalides
  
3.53%
Parliamentary seats
PS
  
52.61%
PSD
  
32.61%
CDU
  
6.09%
CDS-PP
  
5.22%
BE
  
3.48%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Seats
Party list seats gains and losts
Percents of votes
e • d Results of the 2005 election of the Portuguese Assembly of the Republic by constituency
Constituency % S % S % S % S % S Total
S
PS PSD CDU CDS-PP BE
Azores 53.1 3 34.4 2 1.7 - 4.0 - 2.9 - 5
Aveiro 41.1 8 35.7 6 3.5 - 9.8 1 5.1 - 15
Beja 51.0 2 12.3 - 24.1 1 2.9 - 4.7 - 3
Braga 45.4 9 32.9 7 4.8 1 7.8 1 4.6 - 18
Bragança 42.1 2 39.0 2 2.0 - 9.7 - 2.5 - 4
Castelo Branco 56.0 4 26.7 1 3.8 - 5.3 - 3.7 - 5
Coimbra 45.4 6 31.9 4 5.5 - 5.5 - 6.3 - 10
EvoraÉvora 49.7 2 16.7 - 20.9 1 3.7 - 4.6 - 3
Faro 49.3 6 24.6 2 6.9 - 5.8 - 7.7 - 8
Guarda 46.8 2 34.7 2 2.9 - 7.0 - 3.4 - 4
Leiria 35.6 4 39.8 5 4.6 - 8.9 1 5.5 - 10
Lisbon 44.1 23 23.7 12 9.8 5 8.2 4 8.8 4 48
Madeira 35.0 3 45.2 3 3.6 - 6.6 - 3.8 - 6
Portalegre 54.9 2 20.2 - 12.1 - 4.2 - 4.6 - 2
Porto 48.5 20 27.8 12 5.4 2 6.9 2 6.7 2 38
Santarém 46.1 6 26.4 3 8.6 1 6.9 - 6.5 - 10
Setúbal 43.6 8 16.1 3 20.0 3 5.1 1 10.3 2 17
Viana do Castelo 42.0 3 33.5 2 3.8 - 11.4 1 4.5 - 6
Vila Real 43.8 3 40.2 2 2.6 - 6.8 - 2.4 - 5
Viseu 40.4 4 40.2 4 2.2 - 8.6 1 3.3 - 9
Europe 54.3 1 27.2 1 4.2 - 3.4 - 2.3 - 2
Rest of the World 26.3 - 57.7 2 1.0 - 3.5 - 0.7 - 2
Total 45.0 121 28.8 75 7.5 14 7.2 12 6.4 8 230
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]