Portuguese local elections, 1982

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The Portuguese local elections of 1982 took place on 12 December. They were the third local elections in Portugal since the democratic revolution of 1974 introduced the concept of democratic local power.

The elections consisted of three separate elections in the 305 Portuguese municipalities that existed at the time, the election for the Municipal Chambers, whose winner is elected mayor, another election for the Municipal Assembly and a last one for the lower-level Parish Assembly, whose winner is elected parish president, this last was held separately in the more than 4,000 parishes around the country.

The Socialist Party finished once more on the top of the results table, increasing its share by 4%, however that was because the coalition between the two major right-wing parties, the Democratic and Social Center and the Social Democratic Party, the Democratic Alliance, did not participate in all Municipalities and Parishes, being the parties which composed it, separated in many Municipalities. This right wing coalition did, however, lose some voting in relation to the previous election.

The left-wing United People Alliance dominated the election in the municipalities of the South of the country, gathering more than 60% of the voting and achieving its best result ever with 20.7% and 55 mayors.

Parties[edit]

The main political forces involved in the election were:

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

Municipal Councils[edit]

The first and the second most voted parties in each district (Azores and Madeira are not shown)
e • d Summary of the 12 December 1982 Municipal Councils elections results
Parties Votes % Candidacies Councillors Mayors
# ± # ±
PS 1,547,664 31.18 619 Increase103 83 Increase23
United People Alliance 1,038,033 20.91 316 Steady0 55 Increase5
Democratic Alliance 988,347 19.91 322 Decrease104 49 Decrease24
PSD 745,048 15.01 439 Decrease36 88 Decrease13
Democratic and Social Centre 369,263 7.44 185 Increase29 27 Increase7
People's Democratic Union 31,567 0.64 3 Steady0 0 Steady0
Socialist / UEDS 31,251 0.63 11 1
Workers' Communist Party 15,315 0.31 0 Steady0 0 Steady0
People's Monarchist Party 11,149 0.22 5 Decrease1 1 Steady0
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 5,684 0.11 0 Steady0 0 Steady0
Independent Social Democratic Action 4,236 0.09 7 1
Democratic Union 3,840 0.08 2 0
OCMLP 1,388 0.03 0 0
Christian Democratic Party 855 0.02 0 Steady0 0 Steady0
Total valid 4,785,586 96.40 1,909 Increase9 305 Steady0
Blank ballots 87,381 1.76
Invalid ballots 91,403 1.84
Total (turnout 71.05%) 4,964,370 100.00

Municipal Assemblies[edit]

The first and the second most voted parties in each district (Azores and Madeira are not shown)
e • d Summary of the 12 December 1982 Municipal Assemblies elections results
Parties Votes % Candidacies Mandates
# ±
PS 1,583,804 31.23 3,182 Increase496
United People Alliance 1,070,247 21.10 1,763 Increase17
Democratic Alliance 990,315 19.53 1,625 Decrease497
PSD 717,131 14.14 2,148 Decrease82
Democratic and Social Centre 379,833 7.49 1,003 Increase171
People's Democratic Union 35,128 0.70 21 Decrease37
Socialist / UEDS 31,481 0.63 52
Democratic Union 30,707 0.61 40
People's Monarchist Party 10,314 0.21 28 Increase2
Workers' Communist Party 7,120 0.14 1 Increase1
Independent Social Democratic Action 3,858 0.08 32
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 2,499 0.05 0
Christian Democratic Party 847 0.02 2 Increase2
OCMLP 526 0.01 0
Total valid 4,865,027 95.93 9,897 Increase194
Blank ballots 115,352 2.27
Invalid ballots 91,128 1.80
Total (turnout 71.28%) 5,071,507 100.00

Parish Assemblies[edit]

The first and the second most voted parties in each district (Azores and Madeira are not shown)
e • d Summary of the 12 December 1982 Parish Assemblies elections results
Parties Votes % Candidacies Mandates Presidents
# ± # ±
PS 1,527,322 31.03 12,803 Increase2,190
United People Alliance 1,071,831 21.76 4,997 Increase265
Democratic Alliance 905,696 18.40 7,684 Decrease2,101
PSD 760,847 15.46 9,499 Increase52
Democratic and Social Centre 381,150 7.74 4,837 Increase176
Independents 65,865 1.34 1,038 Increase331
Democratic Union 29,284 0.59 342
Socialist / UEDS 25,265 0.51 258
People's Democratic Union 24,799 0.50 30 Decrease25
People's Monarchist Party 6,261 0.13 99 Increase21
Workers' Communist Party 5,023 0.10 0 Decrease3
Independent Social Democratic Action 2,768 0.06 49
Workers Party of Socialist Unity 856 0.02 0 Decrease1
Christian Democratic Party 482 0.00 0 Decrease26
OCMLP 444 0.00 0
Total valid 4,738,913 96.28 41,636 '
Blank ballots 87,935 1.79
Invalid ballots 95,380 1.94
Total (turnout 69.59%) 4,922,228 100.00

End notes[edit]

Further Notes:

  • Democratic Alliance (AD) was composed by the Democratic Social Center (CDS), the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the People's Monarchist Party (PPM).
  • Although the PSD, the CDS and the PPM were united in the Democratic Alliance, they appear in the scorecard because they ran separated in several municipalities.
  • United People Alliance (APU) was composed by the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and the Portuguese Democratic Movement (MDP/CDE).
  • The number of candidacies expresses the number of municipalities or parishes in which the party or coalition presented lists.
  • The number of mandates expresses the number of municipal deputies in the Municipal Assembly election and the number of parish deputies in the Parish Assembly election.
  • The turnout varies because one may choose not to vote for all the organs.

References[edit]