Portuguese presidential election, 1986
|Turnout||75,38% (1st round)
77,99% (2nd round)
The Portuguese presidential election of 1986 was held on 26 January, the second round took place on 16 February.
In first round was easily won by Freitas do Amaral, supported by all the right-wing parties, while Soares defeated the other two left-wing candidates, the former Prime-Minister Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo –the first woman to be a candidate to the Portuguese presidency– and Salgado Zenha (supported by outgoing president António Ramalho Eanes, founder of the short-lived Democratic Renewal Party, and by the Portuguese Communist Party, whose candidate, Ângelo Veloso, left the race some days before the poll). Both these candidates supported Soares in the second round.
Soares did not achieve the majority of the voting in any district, as the left-wing strongholds in the South of Portugal voted for Zenha due to his support by the Communist Party.
As results for the second round were counted, the urban vote, traditionally more left-wing, overcame the early lead of Freitas do Amaral by less than 140,000 votes, and Soares became president on 9 March 1986.
As of 2017[update], this was the only time a Portuguese presidential election was taken into a second round.
Any Portuguese citizen over 35 years old has the opportunity to run for president. In order to do so it is necessary to gather between 7500 and 15000 signatures and submit them to the Portuguese Constitutional Court.
According to the Portuguese Constitution, to be elected, a candidate needs a majority of votes. If no candidate gets this majority there will take place a second round between the two most voted candidates.
- Diogo Freitas do Amaral, Interim Prime Minister between December 1980 and January 1981, leader of the Democratic and Social Centre between 1974 and 1983, supported by the Democratic and Social Centre and the Social Democratic Party;
- Mário Soares, former Prime Minister between 1976-1978 and 1983-1985, leader of the Socialist Party between 1973 and 1985, supported by the Socialist Party;
- Francisco Salgado Zenha, fomerme Minister of Justice in Vasco Gonçalves governments, supported by the Portuguese Communist Party and Democratic Renewal Party;
- Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo, Independent candidate, former Prime Minister between 1979 and 1980;
- Ângelo Veloso, Official candidate of the Portuguese Communist Party, Left the race to support Salgado Zenha;
There were also three candidates rejected by the Portuguese Constitutional Court for not complying with the legal requirements, those were:
- Carmelinda dos Santos Pereira;
- Luís Carlos Franco;
- Álvaro Manuel Nunes;
|Candidates||Supporting parties||First round||Second round|
|Diogo Freitas do Amaral||Democratic and Social Centre, Social Democratic Party||2,629,597||46.31||2,872,064||48.82|
|Mário Soares||Socialist Party||1,443,683||25.43||3,010,756||51.18|
|Francisco Salgado Zenha||Portuguese Communist Party, Democratic Renewal Party||1,185,867||20.88|
|Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo||Independent||418,961||7.38|
|Ângelo Veloso[A]||Portuguese Communist Party||left the race|
|Total (turnout 75.38% and 77.99%)||5,742,151||5,937,100|
|A He left the race in favor of Salgado Zenha.|
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições|
- "CNE Resultados". Comissão Nacional de Eleições. Retrieved 17 May 2005.
- "Centro de Estudos do Pensamento Político". Retrieved 17 May 2005.