Portulaca grandiflora is a succulent flowering plant in the family Portulacaceae, native to Argentina, southern Brazil, and Uruguay and often cultivated in gardens. It has many common names, including rose moss, ten o'clock, Mexican rose, moss rose, Vietnam Rose, sun rose, rock rose, and moss-rose purslane.
It is also seen in South Asia and widely spread in most of the cities with old 18th- and 19th-century architecture in the Balkans.
- In Pakistan it is called Gul Dopheri, meaning After Noon Flower, as flowers bloom whole after noon in summer's heat.
- In Bangladesh, it is called "time fuul", meaning "time flower", because the flower has a specific time to bloom.
- In India, it is called "nau bajiya" or "9 o'clock flower" as it blooms in morning around 9:00 am.
- In the Philippines, it is called as "Alembong" as it is charming and grabbing attentions.
- In Vietnam, it is called "hoa mười giờ" meaning "ten o'clock flower", because the flower is usually in full bloom at 10:00 in the morning.
- Jarai in Cambodia call it "sun flower". Its buds are often chewed by small birds like the house sparrow.
- In Brazil it gets its name from eleven o'clock, because it begins to open its flowers around 11 o'clock.
It is a small, but fast-growing annual plant growing to 30 cm tall, though usually less. However, if it is cultivated properly, it can easily reach this height. The leaves are thick and fleshy, up to 2.5 cm long, arranged alternately or in small clusters. The flowers are 2.5–3 cm diameter with five petals, variably red, orange, pink, white, and yellow. Their upright, or ascending, long shoots branch usually near the base. The spreading 20 to 25 millimeters long and 2 to 3 millimeters wide leaves are almost or completely stalk-shaped and taper towards the tip.
The axillary have few to numerous, whitish, woolly hair, which are usually shorter than the sheets. The compressed inflorescences are surrounded by eight to ten leaves. The large flowers reach a diameter of up to 4 centimetres. The five bright magenta-coloured petals are obovate and 15 to 26 millimeters long. Around the ovary with four to nine whitish scars are about 50 stamens. Capsules and seeds are not visible.
Cultivation and uses
Numerous cultivars have been selected for double flowers with additional petals, and for variation in flower colour, plain or variegated. It is widely grown in temperate climates as an ornamental plant for annual bedding or as a container plant. It requires ample sunlight and well-drained soils. It requires almost no attention and spreads itself very easily. In places with old architecture it can grow between the stones of the road or sidewalk. Seeds are often sold as mixtures, such as Double Flowering Mixture (see illustrations). It grows on sandy soils. In countries with a frost-free climate, it is wild.
Unlike P. oleracea and P. umbraticola , it is not edible because of its bitter taste. There are hybrids of P. grandiflora with P. oleracea, umbraticola and villosa.
Portulaca grandiflora in India
Portulaca grandiflora in Bangladesh, which is in a tob
Traditional Brazilian sort of Portulaca grandiflora
Portulaca Grandiflora white variety in Pakistan
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