|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Trade names||Noxafil, Posanol|
|Protein binding||98 to 99%|
|Biological half-life||16 to 31 hours|
|Excretion||Fecal (77%) and renal (14%)|
|ATC code||J02AC04 (WHO)|
|Molar mass||700.778 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Posaconazole is a triazole antifungal drug. It marketed in the United States, the European Union, and in other countries by Schering-Plough under the trade name Noxafil. In Canada, posaconazole is marketed by Schering-Plough under the trade name Posanol.
Mode of action
Posaconazole works by disrupting the close packing of acyl chains of phospholipids, impairing the functions of certain membrane-bound enzyme systems such as ATPase and enzymes of the electron transport system, thus inhibiting growth of the fungi. It does this by blocking the synthesis of ergosterol by inhibiting of the enzyme lanosterol 14α-demethylase and accumulation of methylated sterol precursors. Posaconazole is significantly more potent at inhibiting 14-alpha demethylase than itraconazole.
Posaconazole is absorbed within three to five hours. It is predominately eliminated through the liver, and has a half life of about 35 hours. Oral administration of posaconazole taken with a high-fat meal exceeds 90% bioavailability and increases the concentration by four times compared to fasting state.
There is also some indication that posaconazole may be the most effective treatment for both chronic and acute Chagas disease, showing much better efficacy than benznidazole. Schering-Plough is currently recruiting participants for a phase 2 clinical trial in Argentina to test its efficacy against asymptomatic, chronic Chagas.
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- Walsh TJ, Raad I, Patterson TF, et al. (January 2007). "Treatment of Invasive Aspergillosis with Posaconazole in Patients Who Are Refractory to or Intolerant of Conventional Therapy: An Externally Controlled Trial". Clin. Infect. Dis. 44 (1): 2–12. doi:10.1086/508774. PMID 17143808. – via JSTOR (subscription required)
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- Brunton L, Lazo J, Parker K. Goodman and Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 11th ed. San Francisco: McGraw-Hill; 2006. ISBN 978-0-07-142280-2
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- "A Study of the Use of Oral Posaconazole (POS) in the Treatment of Asymptomatic Chronic Chagas Disease (P05267 AM1) (STOP CHAGAS)"