Posavina Canton

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Posavina Canton
Posavska županija
Flag Coat of arms
Status Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital Orašje
Largest city Odžak
Official languages Croatian and Bosnian
Ethnic groups (1991) 66.90% Croats
15.73% Serbs
12.85% Muslims
4.47% others
Demonym Posavinian
Government Parliamentary system
 -  Prime Minister Marijan Klaić
Legislature Assembly of the Posavina Canton
Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 -  Establishment 12 June 1996 
Area
 -  Total 325 km2
125.5 sq mi
Population
 -  2013 census 48,089
 -  Density 147.97/km2
383.18/sq mi
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total BAM 218.404 million
 -  Per capita BAM 4541.7
Currency BAM
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd-mm-yyy
Drives on the right

The Posavina Canton (Croatian: Županija Posavska, Bosnian and Serbian: Posavski kanton/Посавски кантон) is the second of ten cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the smallest canton with an area of only 325 km². Its capital is Orašje.

Municipalities[edit]

The canton is split into the municipalities of Domaljevac, Odžak, Orašje.

Politics[edit]

The cantonal assembly is composed of:

Geography[edit]

The canton lies near the border with Croatia and near the river Sava which forms a natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Odžak and Orašje-Domaljevac form two exclaves of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Posavina is a region which includes other parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina and parts of Croatia. Because of that, this canton is sometimes called Bosanska Posavina (Bosnian Posavina) and is the only part of northern Bosnia near the border with Croatia that lies in the Federation. The rest of northern Bosnia near the river Sava and near the border is the Brčko District and the Republika Srpska. The Brčko district divides Republika Srpska into 2 parts.

The Posavina canton's position near the Sava river makes it a good place for agriculture because it is a flat lowland and there are no mountains in the area. It is like this in the entire northern border with Croatia, with a great deal of farming and agriculture. The river Sava is a river who flows through Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. In Bosnia and Herzegovina it flows through the northern border and makes a natural border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

Posavina means literally along Sava in the local languages. The river Sava is the largest navigable river in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Much of the food in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia comes from this region, not only Bosnian Posavina but the rest of the fertile fields along the river Sava.

Demographics[edit]

Municipality Nationality
Total
Croats
%
Serbs
%
Muslims
%
Other
%
Odžak
16,338
54.36
5,667
18.85
6,220
20.69
1,831
6.09
30,056
Orašje
21,308
75.12
4,235
14.93
1,893
6.67
931
3.28
28,367
Domaljevac-Šamac
4,598
98.02
26
0.55
7
0.15
60
1.28
4,691
Canton
42,224
66.90
9,928
15.73
8,113
12.85
2,822
4.47
63,114
1991 census

Sport[edit]

HNK Orašje, the local football club from Orašje won the Football Cup of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

See also[edit]

References[edit]