Posey County, Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Posey County, Indiana
Posey County Courthouse.jpg
Posey County Courthouse in Mount Vernon, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Posey County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded November 11, 1814
Named for General Thomas Posey
Seat Mount Vernon
Largest city Mount Vernon
Area
 • Total 419.32 sq mi (1,086 km2)
 • Land 409.57 sq mi (1,061 km2)
 • Water 9.75 sq mi (25 km2), 2.33%
Population
 • (2010) 25,910
 • Density 63/sq mi (24.49/km2)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.poseycountyin.gov
Footnotes:  
  • Indiana county number 65
  • Southernmost county in Indiana
  • Westernmost county in Indiana
  • Lowest point in Indiana located at County's southwestern tip.

Posey County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Indiana. Its southern border is formed by the Ohio River, and the western border by the Wabash River, a tributary. As of 2010, the population was 25,910.[1] The county seat is Mount Vernon.[2]

Posey County is part of the Evansville, INKY Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Ports of Indiana-Mt. Vernon, on the Ohio River, is the 7th largest inland port in the nation, and important to the economy of the state as well as the county.

History[edit]

After the American Revolutionary War, Posey County was originally considered part of the Northwest Territory of the United States. It was organized on November 11, 1814 from Gibson and Warrick counties. It was named for Revolutionary War Gen. Thomas Posey, who was then serving as Governor of the Indiana Territory.[3] Mount Vernon was designated as the county seat in 1825. Its port on the Ohio River continues to be integral to the economy of the state and county.

Like other parts of southern Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, Posey County was settled by many migrants from the Upper South. Many pioneers had arrived by the Ohio River. The county was developed largely for farming. In the mid to late 19th century, the county received many German immigrants, whose descendants make up a large portion of the county population. The river port had rougher areas of vice, and a higher population of single men, as was typical. African Americans were among the men who worked on ships and at the port.

In October 1878, a mob of 200-300 whites lynched five African-American men, taking them from jail in Mount Vernon, the county seat, and hanging them from trees on the county courthouse grounds. The mob also shot the bodies numerous times. Four of these men had been indicted as suspects in the rape of three white prostitutes.[4] The fifth man was killed and cut up for having fatally shot a deputy trying to arrest his son. Before the mob was finished, they killed two other African Americans, throwing one to his death into a train's steam engine.[4] This toll was the highest number of lynchings of blacks recorded in the state.[5] None of the mob was prosecuted; at each court session for the next three years, the prosecutor asked the judge to "set the case over to the next session".[4] While a grand jury was called, with an election pending for prosecuting attorney, no one was indicted from the mob. After years of research, Posey County judge Jim Redwine wrote a novel, Judge Lynch! (2008), based on these historic events. He has lectured on the topic, inviting his audience to imagine how they would have acted at the time and stressing the injustice done to the African Americans.[4]

While mechanization of dock technology has altered the number of workers at the port, it is the 7th-largest internal port in the nation, based on the tons of materials handled here. Grain from the Midwest is among the products shipped from here.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 419.32 square miles (1,086.0 km2), of which 409.57 square miles (1,060.8 km2) (or 97.67%) is land and 9.75 square miles (25.3 km2) (or 2.33%) is water.[6] The lowest point in the state of Indiana is located on the Ohio River in Posey County, where the Wabash River flows into it.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

River ports[edit]

  • Ports of Indiana-Mt. Vernon is "the 7th largest inland port in the United States and serves as a major multi-modal hub for the region." It handles more than 4 million trip tons of cargo annually.[7] Southwind Maritime Center is the name of a related port facility, now considered within the complex. This port facility is important to the economy of the state of Indiana as well as to Posey County. It handles shipping of grain, grain products, coal, fertilizer, cement and minerals, from a region that produces a large amount of grain. This is the largest public port within 175 miles of the confluence of the Ohio-Mississippi rivers.[7]

Climate and weather[edit]

Mount Vernon, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3.4
 
 
38
23
 
 
3.2
 
 
44
26
 
 
4.6
 
 
54
35
 
 
4.4
 
 
65
45
 
 
5.4
 
 
75
55
 
 
4
 
 
84
64
 
 
4.1
 
 
87
68
 
 
3
 
 
86
65
 
 
2.7
 
 
80
58
 
 
2.9
 
 
69
46
 
 
4.4
 
 
55
37
 
 
3.7
 
 
43
27
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in Mount Vernon have ranged from a low of 23 °F (−5 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1912 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1901. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.65 inches (67 mm) in September to 5.38 inches (137 mm) in May.[8]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from single-member districts of roughly equal population in the county. The council members serve four-year terms. Together they set salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[9][10]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected at-large or county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[9][10]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[10]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[10]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.4% 8,404 28.2% 3,521 4.4% 542
2012 60.8% 7,430 37.1% 4,533 2.2% 263
2008 53.3% 6,804 45.6% 5,828 1.1% 139
2004 65.4% 7,833 34.1% 4,085 0.6% 68
2000 58.5% 6,498 39.9% 4,430 1.6% 182
1996 42.3% 4,638 45.3% 4,965 12.3% 1,350
1992 38.7% 4,435 40.4% 4,632 20.8% 2,386
1988 57.1% 5,987 42.6% 4,468 0.3% 35
1984 59.1% 6,472 40.6% 4,452 0.3% 33
1980 53.7% 6,096 39.3% 4,465 7.0% 793
1976 49.0% 5,136 50.5% 5,298 0.5% 54
1972 65.2% 6,771 34.6% 3,586 0.2% 21
1968 49.7% 5,045 38.3% 3,889 12.0% 1,216
1964 36.6% 3,573 63.1% 6,164 0.3% 33
1960 54.5% 5,369 45.2% 4,457 0.3% 31
1956 59.4% 5,780 40.3% 3,919 0.3% 25
1952 57.6% 5,293 41.7% 3,835 0.6% 59
1948 44.4% 3,879 54.2% 4,729 1.4% 123
1944 50.8% 4,374 48.5% 4,183 0.7% 62
1940 47.1% 4,514 52.4% 5,022 0.6% 57
1936 34.7% 3,088 63.3% 5,630 1.9% 170
1932 33.3% 2,876 65.3% 5,641 1.5% 127
1928 51.8% 4,396 47.7% 4,052 0.5% 39
1924 48.8% 4,173 48.1% 4,115 3.1% 260
1920 49.7% 4,802 48.6% 4,695 1.7% 161
1916 43.0% 2,291 54.8% 2,922 2.2% 119
1912 24.0% 1,193 55.6% 2,767 20.5% 1,021
1908 42.5% 2,444 53.6% 3,084 3.9% 224
1904 44.3% 2,419 51.8% 2,825 3.9% 214
1900 43.6% 2,553 54.2% 3,177 2.2% 129
1896 44.5% 2,526 54.7% 3,103 0.9% 48
1892 40.0% 2,077 51.2% 2,660 8.8% 457
1888 45.7% 2,369 51.8% 2,684 2.5% 131

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18204,061
18306,54961.3%
18409,68347.9%
185012,54929.6%
186016,16728.8%
187019,18518.7%
188020,8578.7%
189021,5293.2%
190022,3333.7%
191021,670−3.0%
192019,334−10.8%
193017,853−7.7%
194019,1837.4%
195019,8183.3%
196019,214−3.0%
197021,74013.1%
198026,41421.5%
199025,968−1.7%
200027,0614.2%
201025,910−4.3%
Est. 201625,476[12]−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,910 people, 10,171 households, and 7,442 families residing in the county.[17] The population density was 63.3 inhabitants per square mile (24.4/km2). There were 11,207 housing units at an average density of 27.4 per square mile (10.6/km2).[6] The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 43.6% were German, 13.6% were American, 11.6% were Irish, and 11.2% were English.[18]

Of the 10,171 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families, and 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 41.6 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $68,722. Males had a median income of $55,786 versus $32,747 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,727. About 6.0% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Education[edit]

Tourism & recreation[edit]

Representation in other media[edit]

  • Posey County Judge James M. Redwine wrote a novel, Judge Lynch! (2008), based on the 1878 lynchings of seven African-American men in Mt. Vernon.[4][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Posey County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 570. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Barry Cleveland, "Seven killed in Posey County violence", Carmi Times, 07 February 2011; accessed 31 May 2018
  5. ^ [https://eji.org/sites/default/files/lynching-in-america-third-edition-summary.pdf Lynching in America; Supplement: Lynching by County, 3rd edition, 2017, Montgomery, Alabama: Equal Justice Initiative, p. 5
  6. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  7. ^ a b Ports of Indiana-Mt. Vernon website
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Mount Vernon, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  9. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-19. 
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  20. ^ [https://www.amazon.com/Judge-Lynch-James-M-Redwine/dp/1434394034/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr= James M. Redwine, Judge Lynch!, AuthorHouse, 2008

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°01′N 87°52′W / 38.02°N 87.86°W / 38.02; -87.86