Poso Regency

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Poso Regency
Kabupaten Poso
Regency
The official seal of Poso Regency
Seal
Motto: Sintuwu Maroso
Location of Poso Regency (Red) in Central Sulawesi Province (Light blue)
Location of Poso Regency in Central Sulawesi Province
Country Indonesia
Province Central Sulawesi
Capital Poso
Government
 • Bupati Darmin A. Sigilipu
Population (2010)
 • Total 209,252
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Area code(s) +62 452
Website http://posokab.go.id/

Poso Regency is a regency of Central Sulawesi Province of Indonesia. The principal town lies at Poso.

History[edit]

In 1999, Morowali Regency and Tojo Una-Una Regency were created out of portions of Poso Regency. In 2007 there were calls to divide the remaining Poso Regency into two regencies in order to overcome religious-based conflicts; one regency would by named Tentena Regency (comprising the first eleven kecamatan listed below, while the remaining Poso Regency would consist of the last seven kecamatan listed below[1]

Administration[edit]

The Poso Regency was divided at 2010 into eighteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[2]

Name Population
Census 2010
South Pamona - Pendolo
(Pamona Selatan)
18,372
West Pamona
(Pamona Barat)
9,344
Southeast Pamona
(Pamona Tenggara)
6,487
South Lore
(Lore Selatan)
5,631
West Lore
(Lore Barat)
2,821
North Pamona
(Pamona Utara)
30,191
East Pamona
(Pamona Timur)
9,531
North Lore
(Lore Utara)
11,902
Central Lore
(Lore Tengah)
4,033
East Lore
(Lore Timur)
4,877
Lore Peore 2,944
Poso Pesisir 20,098
South Poso Pesisir
(Poso Pesisir Selatan)
8,842
North Poso Pesisir
(Poso Pesisir Utara)
15,681
Lage 18,174
Poso Kota 20,250
North Poso Kota
(Poso Kota Utara)
11,058
South Poso Kota
(Poso Kota Selatan)
8,992

Social[edit]

Religions[edit]

Religions in Poso – 2016[3]
Religions Percentage
Protestant
53%
Islam
42%
Hinduism
4%
Roman Catholic
1%
Buddha
0%

Poso District Religious Office noted that the majority of the population in Poso is Protestant, with the number of followers as much as 122.389 inhabitants. This is followed by 95.417 Muslims, 9.739 Hindus, 1.425 Roman Catholics and 267 Buddhist, respectively. The number of places of worship in Poso, consisting of 270 mosques, 500 Protestant churches, 36 Catholic churches and 71 temples.[3]

Islam is the first religion which spread widely in Poso. Although the process is not known, Islam certainly been entered in Poso around the end of the 18th century. The migration of Mandar tribe of western Sulawesi region also proved influential in this process. This process culminated in the events in which Mandar people living in the area of Kadombuku (now Lage), forcing the local tribal people to convert to Islam and end up with a series of tribal wars between Mandar and Kadombuku.[4][5] Christianity began to spread in the late 19th century, when a Dutch missionary, Albert Christian Kruyt sent by a Christian mission agency of the Netherlands Missionary Society to begin missionary in Central Sulawesi. After working for seventeen years, their efforts paid off when hundreds of people from To Pebato baptized on Christmas Eve, December 25, 1909.[6] Central Sulawesi Christian Church (GKST) is a church organization that was established on October 18, 1947 in Tentena.[7] GKST serves Central, West and South Sulawesi. In 2006, 188 thousand people registered to become members, and there are 376 congregations served by 625 priests.[8]

Tourism[edit]

Tambing Lake is located in Lore Lindu National Park, 3 hours drive from Palu and 100 meters away from Palu-Napu Road. In 2014, there are 3,000 foreign tourists visited Tambing Lake which is known as Endemic Bird Paradise with 30 percent of 270 kinds of birds are endemic.[9]

Ecology[edit]

Oryzias sarasinorum, endemic fish that only exist in Lake Poso and Lake Lindu

Sulawesi black Ebony, also known as diospyros celebica, naturally can be found in Central Sulawesi (Parigi, Poso, Donggala), South Sulawesi (Maros), West Sulawesi (Mamuju) and Maluku. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has issued their red list in 2000 and D. celebica belong to the category of vulnerable species, which means that ebony is at the limit of high risk for extinction in the wild (vulnerable to exploitation).[10]

Most of the endemic fauna in Poso is located in the area of cultural and natural heritage, such as Lake Poso and Lore Lindu National Park. Whitten (1987), Maurice Kottelat, and L.R. Parenti states that there are several species of endemic biota that is only found in Lake Poso, such as Xenopoecilus poptae (Adrianichthys poptae); Adrianichthys kruyti, Weberogobius amadi and Nomorhamphus celebensis. Other endemic fish is Anguilla celebensis, Xenopoecilus sarasinorum, Xenopoecilus oophorus (adrianichthys oophorus), Adrianichthys roseni; gastropods such as Miratesta celebensis; and some small shrimp (Caridina sp).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sangadji, Ruslan (21 February 2007). "Residents say a divided Poso could be a more peaceful place". The Jakarta Post. 
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik 2016a, p. 76.
  4. ^ Adriani & Kruyt 1912, p. 42.
  5. ^ Kaudern 1925b, p. 112.
  6. ^ Tampake 2009, p. 1.
  7. ^ Fasse, Cristoph. "Address data base of Reformed churches and institutions". Reformiert Online. Retrieved February 27, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Christian Church of Central Sulawesi — World Council of Churches". Oikoumene.org. Retrieved February 27, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Danau Tambing Kembali Ramai Dikunjungi Wisatawan". April 25, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Eboni, si Kayu Hitam dari Sulawesi". Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on October 29, 2015. Retrieved October 31, 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

Abubakar, Jamrin (2015). 15 Tokoh Bersejarah Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Palu: Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Daerah Sulawesi Tengah. ISBN 978-602-1158-09-8. 
Adriani, Nicolaus (1919). Posso (Midden-Celebes). Den Haag: Zendingsstudie-Raad. 
Adriani, Nicolaus; Kruyt, Albertus Christiaan (1912). De Bare'e sprekende Toradja's van Midden-Celebes. Batavia: Landsdrukkerij. 
Henley, David (2005). Fertility, Food and Fever: Population, Economy and Environment in North and Central Sulawesi, 1600-1930. Leiden: KITLV Press. ISBN 906-7182-09-5. 
Kaudern, Walter (1925a). Ethnographical studies in Celebes: results of the author's expedition to Celebes, 1917-1920 - Structures and settlements in Central Celebes. 1. Göteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag. 
Kaudern, Walter (1925b). Results of the author's expedition to Celebes, 1917-1920: Migrations of the Toradja in Central Celebes. 2. Den Haag. 
Kaudern, Walter (1927). Results of the author's expedition to Celebes, 1917-1920: Musical Instruments in Celebes. 3. Göteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag. 
Kaudern, Walter (1929). Ethnographical studies in Celebes: results of the author's expedition to Celebes, 1917-1920 - Games and Dances in Celebes. 4. Göteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri. 
Kaudern, Walter (1938). Ethnographical studies in Celebes: results of the author's expedition to Celebes, 1917-1920 - Megalithic Finds in Central Celebes. 5. Göteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag. 
Kahn, Joel S. (1998). Southeast Asian Identities: Culture and the Politics of Representation in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. Singapura: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-243-8. 
Kruyt, Albertus Christiaan (2008). Keluar dari Agama Suku, Masuk ke Agama Kristen. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia. ISBN 979-6873-37-0. 
Kutoyo, Sutrisno (2005). Sejarah Daerah Sulawesi Tengah. Jakarta: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Sulawesi Tengah. 
Mahid, Syakir; Sadi, Haliadi; Darsono, Wilman (2012). Sejarah Kerajaan Bungku. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak. ISBN 978-602-7544-09-3. 
Raven, H.C. (1926). The Stone Images and Vats of Central Celebes. New York City: Museum Nasional Sejarah Amerika. 
Sadi, Haliadi; Mahid, Syakir; Ibrahim, M. Anas (2007). Gerakan pemuda Sulawesi Tengah (GPST) di Poso, 1957-1963: perjuangan anti Permesta dan pembentukan Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak. ISBN 978-979-3472-70-6. 
Sarasin, Paul; Sarasin, Fritz (1905). Reisen in Celebes. Wiesbaden: Kreidel. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 1°22′59″S 120°44′55″E / 1.38306°S 120.74861°E / -1.38306; 120.74861