Possible (Italy)

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Possible
Possibile
Secretary Beatrice Brignone
Founded 21 June 2015[1]
Split from Democratic Party
Headquarters Turin[2]
Membership (2015) Increase 4,773[3]
Ideology Green politics
Participatory democracy
Progressivism[4]
Social democracy[4]
Social liberalism[5]
Political position Centre-left to left-wing[1]
National affiliation Free and Equal
European affiliation none
International affiliation none
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours      Cerise
Slogan It's possible
Chamber of Deputies
1 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
1 / 73
Website
www.possibile.com

Possible (Italian: Possibile, P) is a left-wing political party in Italy, launched in Rome on 21 June 2015.[1]

The party's leader is Giuseppe Civati, a former prominent member of the Democratic Party (PD). Possible's progressive platform is a mixture of social democracy, green politics, social liberalism and elements of participatory democracy.

In late 2017 the party was a founding member of Free and Equal, a left-wing joint list for the 2018 general election.

History[edit]

In May 2015, after months of tensions with Prime Minister and party secretary Matteo Renzi, Civati chose to leave the PD.[6] Civati, who had lost a bid to become leader of the party to Renzi in 2013, had long accused the Prime Minister of being a right-winger[7][8][9] and moving the PD to the right or toward a centrist "party of the nation".[10][11][12]

Civati followed Luca Pastorino,[13] a member of the Chamber of Deputies who was running, with Civati's support,[14][15] for President in the 2015 Ligurian election and was instrumental in the defeat of the official Democratic candidate.[16][17] Civati and Pastorino were joined by Elly Schlein, a member of the European Parliament sitting in the Socialists and Democrats' Group,[18] and two more deputies, Andrea Maestri and Beatrice Brignone.[19][20][21]

At Possible's launch, Civati explained that it was intended to "have minimum bureaucracy, and membership will be light, participatory, horizontal"[22] and aimed at unifying all the parties, groups and individuals to the left of the PD, including Sergio Cofferati, Stefano Fassina, Nichi Vendola's Left Ecology Freedom (SEL), Maurizio Landini's Social Coalition, the Greens and other environmentalists, etc., in a single party, with a potential support around 10% of the vote.[23] Also representatives of the Italian Radicals, Green Italy, the Communist Refoundation Party, Free Alternative (AL) and Italy Work in Progress (the latter two splinter groups from the Five Star Movement, M5S) showed up at Possible's first convention in Rome.[24][25]

In the run-up of the party's second convention, to be held on 17–18 July in Florence, some media hinted that five deputies who had left the M5S, four of whom affiliated to AL and one to SEL, and four senators, including the two of Italy Work in Progress, were on the verge of joining Possible,[26][27][28] which was thus close to the formation of a group in the Senate. In the meantime, while being open to a joint party with Civati, the two senators of Italy Work in Progress joined The Other Europe.[29]

As of November, Possible parted ways with most left-wing splinters of the PD, who had launched Future to the Left and joined Italian Left (SI), along with SEL and some left-wing splinters of the M5S.[30][31] For his part, Civati looked interested in organising his party more "outside" than "inside the [political] palace".[32] Consequently, Possible joined forces with AL, which was active also at the grassroots' level, and formed a joint sub-group within the Mixed Group of the Chamber.[33][34][35] Shortly after, one deputy of AL, Toni Matarrelli, directly joined Possible, becoming its fifth deputy.[36]

On 31 January 2016 Civati was elected secretary of the party with 93.2% of the vote by party members.[3]

Between February and March 2017 Mattarelli left the party in order to join the Democrats and Progressives (MDP), along with splinters from the PD and SI, while Possible chose to sever its ties with AL[37][38] and team up with SI instead, by forming a joint group in the Chamber.[39][40][41]

On 3 December 2017 P was a founding member, along with the MDP and SI, of Free and Equal (LeU), the left-wing joint list for the 2018 general election, which chose the President of the Senate and former anti-Mafia prosecutor Pietro Grasso as its leader and candidate for Prime Minister.[42]

On 17 March 2018, following the electioral result below expectations, Civati resigned from secretary. On 12 May 2018 Brignone was elected to replace him with 73.9% of the vote by party members, prevailing over the other candidate David Tozzo with 26.1%.[43]

Ideology[edit]

The party, a strong supporter of secularism, calls for a new plan on civil rights (including same-sex marriage, LGBT adoption, legalisation of cannabis and euthanasia), opposes austerity policies, while supporting redistributive ones aimed at a more egalitarian society and is a vocal proponent of environmentalism.[44] Civati, who describes himself both as a social democrat and a liberal[45] (or, more precisely, a "left-wing liberal"),[46] is also known for his stance for a more competitive free market.[47]

Possible's logo, including an equals sign, refers to a fundamental issue for the party, equality, inflected in multiple fields such as the economy, conflict of interest, separation of powers, feminism, LGBT rights, and immigration.[48]

The party's name is reminiscent of the slogan "Yes We Can", used by Barack Obama during the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primaries, "The party of possibilities", title of the motion supporting Civati in the 2013 Democratic Party leadership election,[49] and Podemos, a kin political party in Spain.[50]

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sappino, Luca (22 June 2015). "Pippo Civati vara il suo movimento "Possibile" Obiettivo: unire la sinistra. E si inizia con Sel". l'Espresso (in Italian). 
  2. ^ "Contatti - Possibile". Possibile.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Congresso di Possibile, terminata la fase 2 - Possibile". Possibile.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Gastaldi, Sciltian (1 December 2013). "Primarie Pd: Civati, la non-sorpresa". il Fatto Quotidiano. 
  5. ^ Gnech, Federico (22 June 2015). "A sinistra del PD la storia si ripete, sempre identica". Stati Generali. 
  6. ^ "Archivio Corriere della Sera". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  7. ^ "il manifesto". Ilmanifesto.info. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "Pd, Civati attacca Renzi: va a destra "Minoranza Dem non è tappetino"". Tgcom24.mediaset.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "Civati: "Se il Pd diventa partito della Nazione, io vado via e farò dell'altro"". Gds.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "Civati verso il Misto: non voglio stare nel partito della Nazione - DIRE.it". Dire.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  12. ^ "Pippo Civati: "Dalla Liguria inizia il nostro partito nuovo, sarà come la Scozia"". Giornalettismo.com. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Luca Pastorino insieme a Civati entra in". Ricerca.repubblica.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  14. ^ "Luca Pastorino, un civatiano senza Civati, sfiderà la renziana Raffaella Paita. In Liguria il Pd si divide". Huffingtonpost.it. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "Liguria, sfida campale. Civati a Renzi: sarà la nostra Scozia". Lastampa.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "Regionali 2015: la sconfitta di Raffaella Paita in Liguria comincia dal comitato deserto fino a notte fonda". Huffingtonpost.it. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  17. ^ "REGIONALI 2015. RAFFAELLA PAITA: "SCONFITTA PESANTE. COLPA DI PASTORINO. OPERAZIONE ORGANIZZATA AD ARTE PER FAR PERDERE IL PD"". Pmperiapost.it. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  18. ^ "Pd, l'eurodeputata Schlein segue Civati: "Questo partito non esiste già più" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  19. ^ "Camera, ecco un altro anti Renzi - PRIMO PIANO - Italiaoggi". Italiaoggi.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  20. ^ "Emendamento ILVA: il PD contro la giustizia e i lavoratori - Possibile". Possibile.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  21. ^ "La moretta ma non quella di Fano, quella di Senigallia". Ciwati.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  22. ^ ""Possibile", la cosa rossa di Civati". Ansa.it. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  23. ^ "Civati: la sinistra Possibile vale almeno il 10% dei voti". Lastampa.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  24. ^ "SINISTRA/ Alternativa è "Possibile", parte il nuovo soggetto di Civati - Online-News". Online-news.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  26. ^ "Nuovi gruppi parlamentari: al Senato resuscita l'Italia dei Valori - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. 22 June 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  27. ^ "M5s, la lunga diaspora degli ex. Due passano all'Idv, altri tre incerti, tanti strizzano l'occhio a Civati. E Alternativa libera..." Huffingtonpost.it. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  28. ^ "Il Messaggero - Flashnews". Ilmessaggero.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  29. ^ ""Nel M5S le posizioni arrivano dall'alto. Adesso interloquiamo con progressisti e democratici". Intervista al senatore Campanella de "L'altra Europa con Tsipras" - Terzo Binario News". Terzobinario.it. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  30. ^ "Nasce 'Sinistra italiana', nuovo gruppo di 31 deputati. Fassina: "Siamo alternativi al liberismo da Happy Days di Renzi" - Politica". Ansa.it. 7 November 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  31. ^ "Si chiamerà "Sinistra italiana": domani Sel e gli ex Pd battezzano il nuovo gruppo 'anti-Renzi'". Huffingtonpost.it. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  32. ^ "Il novembre caldo degli anti Renzi: Fassina e Sel insieme, Civati lancia ufficialmente il suo nuovo partito". Huffingtonpost.it. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  33. ^ "Camera, gruppi parlamentari in fermento: Alternativa libera-Possibile, entra Civati esce Rizzetto - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. 19 November 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  34. ^ "Ex grillini di Alternativa Libera seguono Civati: nasce Al-Possibile - Termometro Politico". Termometropolitico.it. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  35. ^ "Civatiani ed ex M5s, nasce Alternativa Libera-Possibile". Dire.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  36. ^ ""Un'altra idea dell'Italia è possibile", Matarrelli dialoga con Pippo Civati - Brindisi Oggi, news Brindisi notizie Brindisi e provincia". Brindisioggi.it. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  37. ^ [2][dead link]
  38. ^ "Alternativa Libera cambia nome alla Camera in "Tutti Insieme per l'Italia"". Mainfatti.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  39. ^ "Sinistra Italiana e Possibile insieme alla Camera. Ma il primo scoglio è Civati capogruppo". Repubblica.it. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  40. ^ "Possibile e Sinistra Italiana. Dopo i gruppi, la lista unitaria - Left". Left.it. 9 March 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  41. ^ "il manifesto". Ilmanifesto.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  42. ^ Liberi e uguali, Grasso: 'Ecco la nuova sinistra'
  43. ^ "Beatrice Brignone è la nuova segretaria di Possibile". Fanpage (in Italian). Retrieved 2018-05-15. 
  44. ^ "Pippo Civati lancia Possibile, a sinistra del governo". Ansa. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  45. ^ "[ciwati] - Il blog di Giuseppe Civati". Europa.civati.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  46. ^ "Roma Italia Lab". Roma Italia Lab. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  48. ^ "Nasce "Possibile" il movimento di Pippo Civati: a sinistra nel segno dell'uguaglianza". Left. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  49. ^ "[ciwati] - Il blog di Giuseppe Civati" (PDF). Civati.it. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  50. ^ "Civati lancia 'Possibile': il nuovo movimento anti-Renzi". Blasting News. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 

External links[edit]