Post- och Inrikes Tidningar
Front page from a 19 January 2009 edition
Post- och Inrikes Tidningar or PoIT (Swedish for "Post and Domestic Times") is the government newspaper and gazette of Sweden, and the country's official notification medium for announcements like bankruptcy declarations or auctions. The newspaper also carries advertising, the largest advertiser being the Swedish Patent and Registration Office.
It is the oldest currently published newspaper in the world, although as of the 1 January 2007 edition, it has switched over to an internet-only format. Hans Holm, who served as the chief editor of Post- och Inrikes Tidningar for 20 years, said, "We think it's a cultural disaster," "It is sad when you have worked with it for so long and it has been around for so long." Four copies of each update to PoIT are still printed and archived at the National Library of Sweden, Lund University library and the Swedish Companies Registration Office.
History and profile
The newspaper was founded as the Ordinari Post Tijdender (meaning "Regular Mail Times" in English) in 1645 by Queen Christina and Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna. The paper was published weekly during early years. Nine years earlier, the royal postal agency (Kungliga Postverket) had been established and now all postmasters in the country were required to submit reports of information they heard, and the newspaper was then distributed to public notice boards throughout the country. In 1791, Gustav III designated the Swedish Academy to distribute and publish the newspaper, a practice that continues today. In 1821 it merged with the Inrikes Tidningar ("Domestic Times") to form the Post- och Inrikes Tidningar.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, it was the leading news source in the country, but by 1922, under competition from commercial papers, it had been reduced to publishing government, corporate, and legal announcements.
As of 2000, Post- och Inrikes Tidningar is published online at PointLex, and all editions from 1771 to 1860 are available at Project Tiden. The current director of the publication is Horace Engdahl, previously the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy.
- Oscarsson, Ingemar; Helmersson, Dicte. "Post- och Inrikes Tidningar". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 12 May 2011. (subscription required)
- "World's Oldest Newspaper Goes Purely Digital". Newsmax Media. Associated Press. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
- Oldest newspapers still in circulation - World Association of Newspapers
- Christoffer Rydland (2013). "Aspects of Cooperation and Corporate Governance in the Swedish Regional Newspaper Industry" (PhD Thesis). Stockholm School of Economics. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- "From Valuable Brands and Games Directors Play to Bail-Outs and Bad Boys". The Economist: 7. 23 July 2010.
- Swedish Mail Museum
- Arkiv Btj.se
- "Tiden Nordic Digital Newspaper Archive". Project Tiden. 2001. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2007.
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- Official site (Swedish)
- World's oldest newspaper goes digital
- Jornais antigos
- Image of a 1645 edition
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