Postage stamps and postal history of Bermuda
In its isolated location, the colony originally depended on packet ships for mail, connecting via St Thomas, New York City, or Halifax at different periods. A packet agent managed external mails from 1818, with packet handstamps known from 1820.
The Bermuda Gazette operated a domestic mail service from 1784, later taken over by the local government. In 1859, both internal and external mail service became the colony's responsibility, with the chief postmaster being based at St. George's.
Bermuda's first postage stamps were produced locally in 1848 by Hamilton postmaster William B. Perot, consisting of the words "HAMILTON BERMUDA" in a circle, with the year and Perot's signature in the middle. Known as the Perot provisionals, they are among the great rarities of philately. A crown-in-circle design used at St. George's in 1860, also rare, is attributed to postmaster James H. Thies.
General stamp issues began in 1865, with a set of three (1d, 6d, and 1sh), each with a different design based on the profile of Queen Victoria. These were supplemented with 2d and 3d values in 1866 and 1873.
In 1902, Edward VII was not honored with a depiction on new stamps; instead the issue depicted a Bermudian dry dock, and remained in use throughout his reign. These were the first stamps in the British Empire that did not depict the monarch's head.
The unusual practice continued, at least in part, with George V of the United Kingdom, with the low values of the issue of 1910 depicting the seal of the colony (a caravel), while the higher values (2sh and up) were large-format designs featuring the king's profile.
First commemorative stamps
Bermuda's first commemorative stamps were an issue of 1920, marking the 300th anniversary of representative institutions. The design consisted of the caravel seal and a profile of George V, with the inscriptions "BERMUDA COMMEMORATION STAMP" above and "TERCENTENARY OF ESTABLISHMENT OF REPRESENTATIVE INSTITUTIONS" below. A second issue, in 1921, commemorated the same occasion with a completely different design, with George V in the centre and various symbols in the corners.
Bermuda issued a pictorial series of stamps in 1936, consisting of nine stamps with seven different designs depicting local scenery. Several of the designs were reused, and three more added, for a 1938 issue featuring George VI.
A commemorative issue of 1949 marked the 100th anniversary of Perot's provisional stamp.
References and sources
- Dickgiesser, Robert W. et al. Bermuda Specialized Catalogue: stamps and postal history 1812-1970. s.l.: Bermuda Specialized Catalog Project LLC, 2012 ISBN 9780615693033 193p.
- Glazer, Myles. The King George V High-value Stamps of Bermuda, 1917-1938. Marblehead, MA.: Calaby, 1994 ISBN 0-9644969-0-9 208p.
- Groten, Arthur H. and David R. Pitts. Bermuda, Crossroads of the Atlantic: A Postal History. Bellefonte, PA.: American Philatelic Society, 2017 ISBN 9780933580824 150p.
- Holmes, Henry Robert. The Postage Stamps of Bermuda: With chapters on the postal stationery. London: H. F. Johnson, 1932 93p.
- Jones, Elizabeth. Bermuda Post Office Bicentennial 1812-2012. Hamilton: Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry/Times Group, 2012 ISBN 9780954996178 100p.
- Ludington, M. H. The Postal History and Stamps of Bermuda. Lawrence, Mass.: Quarterman Publications, 1978 432p. This is a revision of the author's Bermuda: the Post Office, postal markings, and adhesive stamps, published in 1962 by Robson Lowe, and of its Supplement (1968), with additional new material.
- Poole, B. W. H. The Postage Stamps of Bermuda. London: D. Field, 1911 39p. Series Title: “W.E.P.” Series of Philatelic Handbooks; no. 7.
- Identifying King George VI Stamps: Bermuda 12/6 First Three Printings by Eric Yendall
- Bermuda Collectors Society
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