Postage stamps and postal history of Newfoundland
Newfoundland is a large Canadian island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The first postage stamps of Newfoundland were issued in 1857. When Newfoundland entered into confederation with Canada in 1949, the new province stopped issuing its own stamps, and adopted the stamps already in use in the rest of Canada. Newfoundland was the centre for attempts at making the first trans-Atlantic flights and several generated both stamps and covers.
From 1913, when Lord Northcliffe offered a £10,000 prize for the first nonstop crossing of the Atlantic on a heavier-than-air machine, Newfoundland became the centre for most attempts, notably the successful flight by Alcock and Brown in 1919. Many of these attempts carried mail, franked with Newfoundland stamps overprinted for the occasion. In 1933 the Post Office issued a permanent set of four airmail stamps, of which the 75-cent denomination was overprinted for General Balbo's flight two months after their issue.:1,159
- Stanley Gibbons Stamp Catalogue: Commonwealth and British Empire Stamps 1840-1970. 110th edition. London: Stanley Gibbons, 2008, p. 141. ISBN 0-85259-653-7
- Mackay, James A. (1971). Airmails 1870–1970. London: B. T. Batsford Ltd. pp. 91–100. ISBN 07134 0380 2.
- Harmer, C.H.C. (1984). Newfoundland Air Mails. Cinnaminson, NJ: American Air Mail Society.
- Boggs, Winthrop Smillie. The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Newfoundland. 1942.
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