Postage stamps and postal history of Niger
Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, over 80 percent of which is covered by the Sahara desert. The capital city is Niamey.
In 1920, Niger was separated from Upper Senegal & Niger and became a separate colony.
The first stamps used in the new colony were stamps of Upper Senegal and Niger overprinted TERRITOIRE DU NIGER in 1921. The same stamps were surcharged in 1922.
From 1926, stamps marked prominently NIGER and in smaller letters AFRIQUE OCCIDENTALE FRANCAISE were issued.
1944 to 1959
The first stamps of Niger as an autonomous republic were issued in 1959 and are marked Republique du Niger.
Stamps up to the 1970s tended to be large engraved issues similar to other former French colonies, including stamps featuring famous paintings like those of France. Later, more cheaply produced stamps were issued but designs continue to be large pictorials, typically of local relevance with some issues designed to appeal internationally to thematic stamp collectors.
Niger does not appear to distinguish between commemorative and definitive stamps, and unlike many African countries, has not issued cheaply produced definitive stamps for domestic mail use. A series of 14 small official stamps were issued in 1962 and a replacement set in 1988. Several series of postage due stamps have also been issued.
- Niger Poste
- Postage stamps and postal history of French West Africa
- Postage stamps and postal history of Upper Senegal and Niger
- Rossiter, Stuart & John Flower. The Stamp Atlas. London: Macdonald, 1986, p.322. ISBN 0-356-10862-7
- Stanley Gibbons Simplified Catalogue of Stamps of the World: Volume 4 Countries N-R. 71st edition. London: Stanley Gibbons, 2005, pp. 161-162. ISBN 0852596073
- BEWARE OF ABUSIVE STAMP ISSUES! Philatelic Webmasters Organization, 12 December 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2014. Archived here.
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