Postage stamps and postal history of Tibet
The first adhesive stamps issued for use in Tibet were typewritten overprints on Indian postage stamps  through the 1903 period, during which the Tibetan Frontier Commission, led by Sir Francis Younghusband, arrived in Kamba Dzong on July 7, 1903. Soon after, as no progress was made in diplomatically settling issues of the Tibetan border with Sikkim, this became a military expedition. One result of the treaty signed September 7, 1904 was the establishment of Indian Postal Agencies at Gartok, in Western Tibet, and Gyantse, Pharijong and Yatung, along the Indian trade route to Lhasa. Chinese forces occupied Tibet in 1909, when the Dalai Lama fled into Sikkim and India. However, there were Chinese communities in Tibet well before this, as shown by a registered letter from Wen Tsung-yao at Lhasa, January 9, 1909. Thereafter, Chinese stamps and special Chinese date stamps were used at Chabdo, Gyantse, Lhasa, Phari Dzong, Shigatse and Yatung. Postal communications of this period are scarce and eagerly sought after by both Chinese and Tibetan specialists.
First stamps of Tibet
Tibet began issuing postage stamps at the beginning of the 20th century. The first stamps were issued in Lhasa in 1912. Other series of stamps were issued in 1914, 1933, and through the end of the 1950s.
Fakes and forgeries
Collectors and philatelists encounter many fakes and forgeries of both Tibetan stamps and cancellations. Genuine postally used material also has been produced for collectors.
References and sources
- Robson Lowe, Encyclopedia of British Empire Postage Stamps, v. III London, Robson Lowe, Ltd. (1951) pp. 273-7.
- Waterfall, Arnold C., The Postal History of Tibet, Robson Lowe (1981), p. 12, 20, 43, 45.
- M. G. Chitkara, Buddhism, reincarnation, and Dalai Lamas of Tibet, APH Publishing, New Delhi (1998) Annexure VII, p. 179.
- Bibbins, Frealon, Tibet, First Series, 1912, plating notebook (1992)
- Haverbeck, Harrison D.S., The Postage stamps and postal history of Tibet, (1952, 1958)
- Hellrigl, Wolfgang C. The Postal markings of Tibet, (1996)
- Hellrigl, Wolfgang C and Gabrisch, Karl. Tibet: a philatelic and numismatic bibliography: a critical bibliography containing over 400 titles of Tibetan philately, numismatics and postal and monetary histories. [Part I - Philatelic bibliography], 1981
- Holmes, Henry Robert, The Postage Stamps of Tibet, (1941)
- Singer, Armond E., Tibet 1809-1975, (1995)
- Virk, D.S. Sikkim-Tibet, 1903-1908, (1989)
- Waterfall, Arnold C., The Postal History of Tibet, Robson Lowe (1965, rev. 1981) ISBN 0-85397-199-4
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- The Nepal and Tibet Philatelic Study Circle publishes handbooks and checklists, as well as the periodical, Postal Himal.
- Rainer's Tibet Pages
- "Turbulent Tibet: Viewed from a Philatelic Standpoint" by D.B. Armstrong in The Postage Stamp, 20 August 1910. Reproduced at the Philatelic Database.
- "White Lion of the Mountains, a Letter from Tibet, the Mysterious Land" (ca. 1913). Reproduced at the Philatelic Database.
- "Probable Issue of stamps for Tibet: A Chinese Foreign Post Office?" in The Postage Stamp, 9 October 1909. Reproduced at the Philatelic Database.