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Postal Service Reform Act of 2022

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Postal Service Reform Act of 2022
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to provide stability to and enhance the services of the United States Postal Service, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 117th United States Congress
Number of co-sponsors102
Public lawPub. L.Tooltip Public Law (United States) 117–108 (text) (PDF)
Statutes at Large136 Stat. 1127
Titles amendedTitle 39—Postal Service
Legislative history

The Postal Service Reform Act of 2022 is a federal statute intended to address "the finances and operations of the U.S. Postal Service (USPS)",[1] specifically to lift budget requirements imposed on the Service by the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act[2] and require it to continue six day a week delivery of mail.[3]

President Joe Biden signs the Postal Service Reform Act in the State Dining Room of the White House on April 6, 2022

The act was first introduced on May 11, 2021, by Representative Carolyn Maloney (D-NY).[1] The House of Representatives then passed the bill by 342–92 on February 8, 2022.[4] On March 8, 2022, the Senate voted 79–19 to pass the bill.[5] President Biden signed the bill into law on April 6, 2022.[6]


Similar bills to the Postal Service Reform Act have been proposed in recent years, but none passed.[7] The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act (PAEA), passed in 2006, required the USPS to pre-fund benefits for future retirees, and this cost the agency about $5.5 billion annually.[8] The PAEA required the USPS to pre-fund these pensions more than fifty years in advance. This requirement caused the USPS to accumulate billions in debt annually in recent years.[9] The USPS Fairness Act would have allowed the USPS to still continue to pay benefits from the accumulated funding (about $56.8 billion in 2020) until depleted, but the intended purpose of the USPS Fairness Act was to remove the pre-funding requirements placed on the agency by the PAEA.[7][9] That bill passed in the House (309—106) in 2019[10] but died in the Senate.


The Postal Service Reform Act of 2022:

  • Enacts the USPS Fairness Act, eliminating the requirement to pre-fund retiree benefits[11][12]
  • Requires retiring postal employees to enroll in Medicare parts A and B to receive USPS health care benefits[11][13]
  • Requires continued transportation of letters and packages in an integrated network, so growth in package delivery volume benefits first class mail delivery[14][15]
  • Requires delivery of mail six days a week (except federal holidays, emergencies, and areas not scheduled for regular six-day delivery as of April 6, 2022)[16]
  • Creates an exception to the PAEA's prohibition of USPS non-postal services by authorizing the USPS to rent property and provide non-postal services for state and local governments (such as processing license and permit transactions) to raise revenue.[17][18]
  • Requires the USPS to set performance targets and publish performance metrics on its website[19]
  • Requires the USPS to review cost allocation accounting for its monopoly services[20]
  • Reduces mailing fees for rural newspapers[21]
  • Requires a study on efficiency of mailing flats[22]
  • Requires detailed operational reports to the Postal Regulatory Commission, President, Congress every six months[23]
  • Adjusts language concerning standards for choosing mail transportation methods,[24] a provision requested by Republicans in support of Postmaster General Louis DeJoy's decision to end domestic air mail service[18]
  • Abolishes the Inspector General of the Postal Regulatory Commission, with its "duties and responsibilities" being assumed by the United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General[25]


  1. ^ a b Maloney, Carolyn B. (2022-02-10). "H.R.3076 - 117th Congress (2021-2022): Postal Service Reform Act of 2022". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2022-02-12.
  2. ^ "USPS Fairness Act Reintroduced in the House and Senate". American Postal Workers Union. 2021-02-03. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  3. ^ "Postal Service reform bill heads to Senate after strong bipartisan House vote". www.cbsnews.com. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-12.
  4. ^ Durkee, Alison. "House Passes Postal Service Reform—Here's What It Means For Your Mail". Forbes. Retrieved 2022-02-12.
  5. ^ "Congress passes bill to shore up Postal Service, delivery". MSN. Retrieved 2022-03-08.
  6. ^ Durkee, Alison. "Biden Signs Postal Service Reform Bill Into Law—Here's What It Means For Your Mail". Forbes. Retrieved 2022-04-06.
  7. ^ a b "Congress reintroduces USPS reform bill to eliminate pre-funding mandate". Federal News Network. 2021-02-04. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  8. ^ Sanburn, Josh (2013-02-07). "How Healthcare Expenses Cost Us Saturday Postal Delivery". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2021-03-06.
  9. ^ a b "Lawmakers aim to dissolve 'draconian' law that placed heavy financial burden on Postal Service". NBC News. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  10. ^ "USPS Fairness Act passes House". National Association of Letter Carriers AFL-CIO. Retrieved 2021-03-06.
  11. ^ a b Lee, Ella (6 April 2022). "USPS gets a financial overhaul: Here's what we know about the Postal Service Reform Act". USA Today. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  12. ^ Section 102
  13. ^ Section 101
  14. ^ Section 202(a)
  15. ^ Postal Service Reform Act of 2021 promotes sustainable Universal Service
  16. ^ Section 202(a)
  17. ^ Section 103
  18. ^ a b Biden Signs Postal Service Reform Bill Into Law—Here’s What It Means For Your Mail
  19. ^ Section 201
  20. ^ Section 203
  21. ^ Postal Service Reform Act of 2021 promotes sustainable Universal Service
  22. ^ Section 206
  23. ^ Section 207
  24. ^ Section 208
  25. ^ Section 209