Postes, Télégraphes et Téléphones

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Postes, Télégraphes et Téléphones
Founded1879, Paris
SuccessorLa Poste, Orange.

Postes, Télégraphes et Téléphones, also known as P&T, P et T and PTT, was the French administration of postal services and telecommunications, formed in 1921.[citation needed]

The French PTT pioneered the virtual circuit variant of packet switching in the early 1970s through the work of Rémi Després.[1][2]

The company rolled out Minitel, a Videotex online service accessible through telephone lines, experimentally between July 1980[3] in Saint-Malo, France, and from autumn 1980 in other areas, and introduced it commercially throughout France in 1982. Minitel was the world's most successful online service prior to the World Wide Web.[citation needed]

The name Postes, Télécommunication et Télédiffusion never received official recognition from the French state. It was above all used in French campaigns, in unofficial texts and in film credits. In effect, Télédiffusion, which grouped together television and radio channels, was always independent.[citation needed]

It was divided in 1991 into France Télécom and La Poste.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Després, R. (1974). "RCP, THE EXPERIMENTAL PACKET-SWITCHED DATA TRANSMISSION SERVICE OF THE FRENCH PTT". Proceedings of ICCC 74. pp. 171–85. Archived from the original on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
  2. ^ "X.25 Virtual Circuits - Transpac in France - Pre-Internet Data Networking". doi:10.1109/MCOM.2010.5621965. S2CID 23639680. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Puech, Michel (2010-06-29). "Le monde du Minitel se paye Le Monde" [The world of Minitel pays Le Monde (A wordplay: the newspaper 'Le Monde' translates as 'The World'.)]. Mediapart (in French). Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  4. ^ Schofield, Hugh (2012-06-27). "Minitel: The rise and fall of the France-wide web". BBC News Magazine (Paris). Retrieved 2019-06-30.