Postgraduate Certificate in Education
The Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) is a one-year higher education course for degree holders in England, Wales and Northern Ireland which provides training in order to allow them to become teachers.
In addition to gaining the PGCE qualification itself, those who have successfully completed the course in England or Wales are recommended for qualified teacher status (QTS), which is required to teach in state maintained schools in England and Wales. Those passing PGCEs in Northern Ireland are granted 'eligibility to teach' in Northern Ireland (equivalent to QTS). Though the QTS/eligibility to teach only applies in the Home Nation it was awarded in, applying for QTS/eligibility to teach in either of the other two Home Nations is a formality, and is nearly always awarded to PGCE holders. Furthermore, the PGCE is also widely recognised in Scotland and the rest of world, allowing holders to easily register as teachers there.
The PGCE was previously also offered in Scotland, but was renamed the Professional Graduate Diploma in Education (PGDE) from 2005 to 2006 (the exact year depending on the university offering it). It is identical in content to the previous PGCE. Like the PGCE, the PGDE is widely recognised throughout the rest of the United Kingdom and the rest of the world.
Applications for admission to PGCE courses are handled by UCAS Teacher Training.
Further and higher education lecturers are not usually required to hold QTS/eligibility to teach. However, many lecturers attend training courses to gain qualifications such as the Postgraduate Certificate in Further Education (PGCFE), which is comparable to the regular PGCE. There is also the PGCHE, for university practitioners.
Course content and structure
The PGCE is a professional qualification normally taught at a university or other higher education institution, with much of the course time spent on placements in local schools. A trainee teacher will have to meet the Standards for qualified teacher status and any course specific requirements to be awarded the PGCE. In England only, a trainee teacher also has to pass the professional skills tests before starting a course. The training provider will then recommend the trainee teacher for QTS to the relevant body:
- The National College for Teaching and Leadership (England)
- General Teaching Council for Wales (Wales)
or eligibility to teach to the:
- General Teaching Council for Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland)
After gaining QTS, the candidate becomes a newly qualified teacher (NQT) and embarks on an induction programme in their first post.
The PGCE sits at Level 7 of the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications, while the Professional Certificate in Education sits a Level 6.
The PGCE is not a postgraduate degree, it is instead an advanced but non-degree qualification (as it is directly related to a career, it is considered vocational).
From 2005 to 2007, most universities attached credits towards a master's degree to their PGCEs. PGCEs that do not carry master's credits are now known as Professional Graduate Certificate in Education.
A recent review of the equivalence of qualifications in Scotland declared the PGCE to be equivalent to a postgraduate diploma (which in turn is equivalent to the taught element of a master's degree). This left the PGCE with a rather inappropriate name as a postgraduate certificate is a lower level than the postgraduate diploma, requiring only half the amount of work. As a result, the PGCE in Scotland were renamed to Professional Graduate Diploma in Education (PGDE).
The PGCE in Lifelong Learning or Post-Compulsory Education and Training (PCET) is considered to be equivalent to the Diploma in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector (DTLLS) at QCF Level 7. The DTLLS was also taught at QCF Level 5.
For PGCE courses in England, a fee of £9000 will normally be charged, which can be borrowed (at interest) from Student Finance England.
In September 2012, the government introduced a new initiative with the aim of encouraging the best graduates into the teaching profession, particularly in mathematics, physics, computer science, chemistry and modern foreign languages, which have traditionally struggled to attract the required number of student teachers. Training bursaries from September 2012 are based primarily on degree classification. In these subjects, trainees with a degree in the first division are entitled to a bursary of £25,000, those with a 2.1 receive £20,000 (£15,000 for chemistry and MFL) and those with a 2.2 are entitled to £15,000 (£12,000 for chemistry and MFL) (rates for 2014 entry). A second band of subjects, listed as "other priority secondary specialisms and primary" (English, history, biology, geography, music, design and technology, and primary education) attract a bursary of £9,000 for those graduates with a first, and £4,000 for those with a 2.1. Bursaries are paid each month in instalments, with graduates receiving the £15,000 and £25,000 bursaries also receiving "enhanced" payments" in January and at the end of their course.
There is also scope for those with either relevant work experience from other professions, or those with higher degrees to receive a higher level of funding than that to which they would otherwise be entitled. For example, a trainee with a 2.1 in mathematics, but with a doctorate, may be entitled to the bursary of £25,000, in accordance with the government's guidance about the consideration of special achievements.
Teachers in independent schools in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are not required to hold any particular qualifications, although most schools now prefer applicants to have a PGCE, especially younger people going into teaching as a first career. This flexibility does allow them to occasionally hire older people who have practical experience, such as appointing ex-engineers as mathematics or physics teachers, or appointing people with high-level postgraduate qualifications but no formal teacher-training.
The PGCE is the main postgraduate route for teacher training in England and Wales, but there are a number of other ways to gain QTS. See Qualified Teacher Status#Routes to QTS.
- For example, see "PGCHE: Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education", University of Nottingham.