Postschutz

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Postschutz (Postal Protection), in 1942 SS-Postschutz, was a paramilitary unit of Deutsche Reichspost with a mission to protect post office installations from armed attacks.

Origins[edit]

The Postschutz was created in 1933 in order to protect the establishments of the German Post Office from communist attacks. In 1942 the Postschutz was put under the command of the Allgemeine SS, becoming the SS-Postschutz with Gottlob Berger as military leader, and subordinated to the supervision of the SS-Hauptamt.

Personnel[edit]

At the end of 1933 26,000 postal employees had volunteered for the Postschutz. In 1937 an agreement between the Wehrmacht and the Postmaster General Wilhelm Ohnesorge established that in time of war 29,000 men from the Reichspost would be reserved for the Postschutz. In 1939 the Postschutz contained 40 000 men, and was also in charge of air raid precautions for the Reichspost. All male postal employees could become volunteer members of the Postschutz. For all new employees under the age of 35 it was mandatory. Training took place at eight schools, that annually held courses for 20 000 members of the Postschutz.

Military actions[edit]

In 1942 units from the SS-Postschutz staffed the Fronthilfe der Deutschen Reichspost, motor coach units operating with front units of the Waffen-SS. In 1944 the Fronthilfe contained a HQ, five battalions, a motor depot, and about 7,000 men. Members of the SS-Postschutz were also drafted into SS-Sicherungs-Bataillone der Deutschen Reichspost (SS-security battalions of the German post office), combating partisans in occupied Slovenia and Belorussia.

Ranks[edit]

Shoulder insignia Collar insignia PSP Rank[1] Translation SS equivalent
PSP-Oberführer h.svg None.svg Oberführer Senior leader Obersturmbannführer
PSP-Berzirksführer h.svg None.svg Berzirksführer District leader Sturmbannführer
PSP-Abschnittsführer h.svg None.svg Abschnittsführer Section leader Hauptsturmführer
PSP-Abteilungshauptführer h.svg None.svg Abteilungshauptführer Senior department leader Obersturmführer
PSP-Abteilungsführer h.svg None.svg Abteilungsführer Department leader Untersturmführer
PSP-Zughauptführer h.svg None.svg Zughauptführer Senior platoon leader Hauptscharführer
PSP-Zugführer h.svg None.svg Zugführer Platoon leader Oberscharführer
PSP-Gruppenhauptführer h.svg PSP-Gruppenhauptführer.svg Gruppenhauptführer Senior group leader Scharführer
PSP-Gruppenführer h.svg PSP-Gruppenführer.svg Gruppenführer Group leader Unterscharführer
PSP-Truppführer h.svg PSP-Truppführer.svg Truppführer Troop leader Rottenführer
PSP-Rottenführer h.svg PSP-Rottenführer.svg Rottenführer Foreman Rottenführer
PSP-Postschutzmann h.svg PSP-Postschutzmann.svg Postschutzmann Postal Protection man Mann

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Postschutzpolizei". German Daggers. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  • Klietmann, K.G. (1965), Die Waffen-SS: eine Dokumentation, Osnabruck Verlag.
  • Schweizer, Michael (2014), Der Postschutz und Postluftschutz im Dritten Reich und in den besetzten Gebieten, Morgana-Ed.