A nosegay, tussie-mussie, or posy is a small flower bouquet, typically given as a gift. They have existed in some form since at least medieval times, when they were carried or worn around the head or bodice. Doilies are traditionally used to bind the stems in these arrangements. Alternatively, "posy holders", available in a variety of shapes and materials (although often silver), enable the wearing of these arrangements "at the waist, in the hair, or secured with a brooch".
The term tussie-mussie (also tussy-mussy) comes from the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), when the small bouquets became a popular fashion accessory. Typically, tussie-mussies include floral symbolism from the language of flowers, and therefore may be used to send a message to the recipient. In modern times the term specifically refers to small bouquets in a conical metal holder, or the holder itself, particularly when used at a white wedding.
- "Head Garlands and Nosegays". Yankee Peddler Festival. May 14, 2008.
- Felbinger, Elaine (May–June 2005). "Tussie Mussies". SUBROSA: The Huntington Rose and Perennial Gardens Newsletter. huntingtonbotanical.org (42). Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Word of the Day: nosegay". Merriam-Webster Online. December 25, 2010.
- Tussie-Mussies, the Victorian Art of Expressing Yourself in the Language of Flowers. Workman Publishing. 1993.
- "Tussy Mussy Wedding Bouquets".
- "Victorian Tussie Mussie, Bouquet With Meaning".
Media related to Flower bouquets at Wikimedia Commons