Pot Black

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Pot Black
Tournament information
VenueSheffield City Hall
LocationSheffield
CountryEngland
Established1969
Organisation(s)World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association
FormatNon-ranking event
Final year2007
Final champion(s) Ken Doherty (IRL)

Pot Black was a snooker tournament in the United Kingdom broadcast on the BBC. Each match was contested over a single frame, where other tournaments were significantly longer. The event carried no ranking points, but played a large part in the popularisation of the modern game of snooker. The event was first held in 1969 with a field of eight players and ran annually until 1986. The event resurfaced for three years in both 1991 and 2005. The series was followed by events for other categories of players, with a juniors and seniors events, and a celebrity version held in 2006.

The series was created by the BBC2 controller David Attenborough, shortly after they began broadcasting in colour. Snooker, a game based on coloured balls was suggested as a suitable way to sell the new technology. The series helped transform snooker from a minority sport played by just a handful of professionals into one of the most popular sports in the UK. Mark Williams made the highest break in the competition's history, a 119.

History[edit]

The BBC began broadcasting in colour in 1967 and was looking for programmes that could exploit the new technology.[1][2] The idea of broadcasting snooker, then still a minor sport, was the brainchild of David Attenborough who was the controller of BBC2 at the time.[3] The game of snooker is based on coloured balls, and was deemed a good way to sell the new technology.[4] The first Pot Black event was held in 1969 at the BBC Studios in Birmingham, and the programme was aired on BBC2 on 23 July 1969.[2] This first contest featured eight players: Gary Owen, Jackie Rea, John Pulman, Ray Reardon, Fred Davis, Rex Williams, Kingsley Kennerley and John Spencer, with Reardon the eventual winner.[5] The event continued until 1986, by which time an increasing number of snooker events were being televised and the Pot Black format was becoming outdated. The programme returned in 1990, but was discontinued after the 1993 event.[1]

A one-day Pot Black tournament, held on 29 October 2005, was broadcast on the BBC's Grandstand. The event featured eight players: Ronnie O'Sullivan, Stephen Hendry, Stephen Maguire, Matthew Stevens, Paul Hunter, John Higgins, Jimmy White and Shaun Murphy, with Stevens beating Murphy in the final.[2][6] The 2006 edition of the tournament took place at the Royal Automobile Club in Central London on 2 September 2006. Mark Williams defeated John Higgins in the final, achieving the highest break in the history of the tournament with a 119 clearance.[7] The 2007 edition, the final Pot Black to date, was aired on Saturday 6 October 2007,[2][8] with Ken Doherty beating Shaun Murphy 71–36 in the final.[9]

There have been six century breaks at the event.[7] Eddie Charlton compiled the first century in 1973, a break of 110, which stood as the event record for many years until overtaken by Shaun Murphy's 111 against Jimmy White in 2005, and Williams's 119 clearance in 2006.[7][10]

Format[edit]

The tournament used many different formats over its history. Eight players participated in the first event, but the number of players varied between six and sixteen over the years. It was originally played as a knockout tournament, but later employed a round-robin format.[1] The total number of points scored by the players could often become crucial, so matches always ended with the potting of the black ball.[2] Most matches were played over a single frame. Several different formats were used for the final, which was initially also played over just one frame; an aggregate score over two frames was tried in 1974, but this format was abandoned and the single-frame final returned in 1975; from 1978 to 1986, and in 1991, the final was decided over three frames.[1] A shot clock format was added in 1991, to limit the time each player could spend at the table.[1]

A Junior Pot Black, ran from 1981 to 1983, and in 1991. The winners were Dean Reynolds, John Parrott and O'Sullivan. The event was revived as a side event to the World Snooker Championship, with the final played on the main match table.[1] A Seniors Pot Black was held in 1997, featuring players who were aged over 40 at the time. Joe Johnson won the event.[2]

A one frame Celebrity Pot Black was held on 15 July 2006 for Sport Relief. It was contested between the team of Ronnie O'Sullivan and Bradley Walsh and the team of Steve Davis and Vernon Kay. Davis and Kay won the contest.[2] It was presented by Dermot O'Leary, commentated by John Parrott, and refereed by Michaela Tabb.[11]

Production[edit]

The events were recorded in a single day at the BBC's Pebble Mill Studios in Birmingham, but the matches were shown in half-hour programmes over the winter. The press co-operated by revealing the scores only after a match had been transmitted. In 2005 and 2006, the whole tournament was broadcast on a single day.[1] Pot Black's theme tune was "Black and White Rag", composed by George Botsford and performed by Winifred Atwell.[2]

The first series of Pot Black in 1969 was hosted by Keith Macklin. It was then hosted by Alan Weeks until 1984, and David Icke took over in 1985 and 1986. Eamonn Holmes hosted the event in 1991 and 1992, but was replaced by David Vine in 1993. Vine also hosted Senior Pot Black in 1997. The latest revival of the event was hosted by Hazel Irvine.[2] Pot Black is credited with producing one of the most memorable British sports quotes: commentator Ted Lowe, aware that not all viewers had colour televisions, said "and for those of you who are watching in black and white, the pink is next to the green."[12]

Winners[edit]

Below is a list of the winners by tournament.[1][13][14]

Pot Black[edit]

Year Winner Runner-up Final score (frames) Final score (points) Highest break[15]
1969  Ray Reardon (WAL)  John Spencer (ENG) 1–0 88–29  Ray Reardon (WAL) (99)
1970  John Spencer (ENG)  Ray Reardon (WAL) 1–0 88–27  Fred Davis (ENG) (54)
1971  John Spencer (ENG)  Fred Davis (ENG) 1–0 61–40  Fred Davis (ENG) (73)
1972  Eddie Charlton (AUS)  Ray Reardon (WAL) 1–0 75–43  John Spencer (ENG) (66)
1973  Eddie Charlton (AUS)  Rex Williams (ENG) 1–0 93–33  Eddie Charlton (AUS) (110)
1974  Graham Miles (ENG)  John Spencer (ENG) Aggregate score[n 1] 147–86[n 1]  Graham Miles (ENG) (68)
1975  Graham Miles (ENG)  Dennis Taylor (NIR) 1–0 81–27  Fred Davis (ENG) (87)
1976  John Spencer (ENG)  Dennis Taylor (NIR) 1–0 69–42  Eddie Charlton (AUS) (64)
1977  Perrie Mans (South Africa)  Doug Mountjoy (WAL) 1–0 90–21  Perrie Mans (South Africa) (59)
1978  Doug Mountjoy (WAL)  Graham Miles (ENG) 2–1 43–55, 97–23, 111–16  Doug Mountjoy (WAL) (101)
1979  Ray Reardon (WAL)  Doug Mountjoy (WAL) 2–1 79–51, 25–82, 84–41  Doug Mountjoy (WAL) (82)
1980  Eddie Charlton (AUS)  Ray Reardon (WAL) 2–1 16–74, 85–30, 68–54  Dennis Taylor (NIR) (87)
1981  Cliff Thorburn (CAN)  Jim Wych (CAN) 2–0 68–39, 85–50  Kirk Stevens (CAN) (79)
1982  Steve Davis (ENG)  Eddie Charlton (AUS) 2–0 82–40, 85–38  Eddie Charlton (AUS) (98)
1983  Steve Davis (ENG)  Ray Reardon (WAL) 2–0 61–60, 82–47  Ray Reardon (WAL) (91)
1984  Terry Griffiths (WAL)  John Spencer (ENG) 2–1 57–65, 77–8, 70–35  Dennis Taylor (NIR) (81)
1985  Doug Mountjoy (WAL)  Jimmy White (ENG) 2–0 64–5, 66–30  Jimmy White (ENG) (80)
1986  Jimmy White (ENG)  Kirk Stevens (CAN) 2–0 60–46, 106–21  Jimmy White (ENG) (106)[7]
1991  Steve Davis (ENG)  Stephen Hendry (SCO) 2–1 62–40, 4–101, 80–18
1992  Neal Foulds (ENG)  James Wattana (THA) 1–0
1993  Steve Davis (ENG)  Mike Hallett (ENG) 2–0  David Roe (ENG) (104)
2005  Matthew Stevens (WAL)  Shaun Murphy (ENG) 1–0 53–27  Shaun Murphy (ENG) (111)[6]
2006  Mark Williams (WAL)  John Higgins (SCO) 1–0 119–13  Mark Williams (WAL) (119)[7]
2007  Ken Doherty (IRL)  Shaun Murphy (ENG) 1–0 71–36  Graeme Dott (SCO) (67)[8]

Junior Pot Black[edit]

Year Winner Runner-up Final score (frames) Final score (points)
1981  Dean Reynolds (ENG)  Dene O'Kane (NZL) [n 1] 151–79[n 2]
1982  John Parrott (ENG)  John Keers (ENG) [n 1] 169–70[n 2]
1983  John Parrott (ENG)  Steve Ventham (ENG) 1–1 Pink ball game
1991  Ronnie O'Sullivan (ENG) Republic of Ireland Declan Murphy 2–0 126–0, 98–30
2006  Stuart Carrington (ENG)  Anthony McGill (SCO) 1–0 58–46
2007  Mitchell Mann (ENG)  Jack Lisowski (ENG) 1–0 76–23
2008  Jason Devaney (IRL)  Duane Jones (WAL) 1–0 61–28
2009  Ross Muir (SCO)  Jak Jones (WAL) 1–0 24–13[n 3]
2010  Jamie Clarke (WAL)  Tom Rees (WAL) 1–0 43–30

Seniors Pot Black[edit]

Year Winner Runner-up Final score (frames) Final score (points)
1997  Joe Johnson (ENG)  Terry Griffiths (WAL) 2–0 85–32, 70–17

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Final decided on aggregate score over two frames. The individual frame scores were 77–37 and 70–49.
  2. ^ a b Final decided on aggregate score over two frames
  3. ^ Events were played with the six-red snooker variant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Pot Black, Junior Pot Black". Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pot Black". UKGameshows.com. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
  3. ^ John Nauright (2012). Sports around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. ABC-CLIO. p. 191. ISBN 159884301X.
  4. ^ Young, Graham (17 June 2020). "Pot Black's killer frame in Pebble Mill snooker series". BirminghamLive. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  5. ^ "July anniversaries: Pot Black first transmitted 23 July 1969". bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  6. ^ a b "2005 Pot Black Cup". Global Snooker Centre. Archived from the original on 15 August 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d e "2006 Pot Black Cup". Global Snooker Centre. Archived from the original on 27 June 2007.
  8. ^ a b "2007 Pot Black". Global Snooker Centre. Archived from the original on 30 January 2009.
  9. ^ "Doherty secures Pot Black title". BBC Sport. 6 October 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  10. ^ "1991 Pot Black". Global Snooker Centre. Archived from the original on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  11. ^ "BBC SPORT | TV/Radio Schedule | Sport Relief | Stars out for Celebrity Pot Black". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  12. ^ Oakes, Keily (19 April 2004). "Forty landmarks from BBC Two". BBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  13. ^ "Pot Black History". Global Snooker Centre. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008.
  14. ^ "Pot Black -". bgsnooker.com (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  15. ^ Perrin, Reg (1984). Pot Black 1985 (New rev. ed.). London: British Broadcasting Corporation. ISBN 9780563202936.